Hostname: page-component-6b989bf9dc-jks4b Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-04-13T04:59:20.960Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Mode of Action Investigations with the Herbicides HOE-39866 and SC-0224

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  12 June 2017

Robin R. Bellinder
Affiliation:
Dep. Hort., Virginia Polytech. Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA 24061
Kriton K. Hatzios
Affiliation:
Dep. Plant Pathol., Physiol., and Weed Sci., Virginia Polytech. Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA 24061
Henry P. Wilson
Affiliation:
Virginia Truck and Orn. Res. Stn., Painter, VA 23420

Abstract

In laboratory experiments, the effects of the herbicides HOE-39866 [ammonium (3-amino-3-carboxypropyl)-methylphosphinate] and SC-0224 (trimethylsulfonium carboxymethylaminomethylphosphonate) on the incorporation of NaH14CO3, [14C]-leucine, [14C]-uracil, and [14C]-acetate into enzymatically isolated soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr. ‘Essex’] cells were evaluated to assess the activity of these herbicides on CO2 fixation, protein, ribonucleic acid (RNA), and lipid syntheses. At low concentrations neither compound exhibited rapid or distinct inhibitions of any process as might be expected in the case of inhibition of a primary target site. Photosynthesis was the process least affected. At equimolar concentrations, protein and RNA syntheses were more sensitive to HOE-39866 than to SC-0224 while the reverse occurred in lipid synthesis. Protein synthesis appears to be a possible target site that may be involved in the herbicidal action of these two compounds.

Type
Physiology, Chemistry, and Biochemistry
Copyright
Copyright © 1985 by the Weed Science Society of America 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Literature Cited

1. Arnon, D. I. 1949. Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplasts. Polyphenoloxidase in Beta vulgaris L. Plant Physiol. 24:115.Google Scholar
2. Ashton, F. M., DeVilliers, O. T., Glenn, R. K., and Duke, W. B. 1977. Localization of metabolic sites of action of herbicides. Pestic. Biochem. Physiol. 7:122141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
3. Bayer, E., Gugel, K. H., Hagelen, K., Hagenmaier, H., Jessipow, S., Konig, W. A., and Zahner, H. 1982. 25. Stoffwechselprodukte von Microorganismen. 98 Mitteilung (1). Phosphinothricin und Phosphinothricyl-alanyl-alanin. Helv. Chim. Acta 55:224239.Google Scholar
4. Bellinder, R. R. and Wilson, H. P. 1983. Comparison of several non-selective herbicides in reduced tillage systems. Proc. Northeast. Weed Sci. Soc. 37:2026.Google Scholar
5. Bellinder, R. R., Lyons, R. E., Scheckler, S. E., and Wilson, H. P. 1983. Cellular alterations from foliar applications of HOE-00661, SC-0224 and glyphosate. Abstr. Weed Sci. Soc. Am. Pages 112113.Google Scholar
6. Carlson, K. L. and Burnside, O. C. 1984. Comparative phytotoxicity of glyphosate, SC-0224, SC-0545, and HOE-00661. Weed Sci. 32:841844.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
7. Cole, D. J., Dodge, A. D., and Caseley, J. C. 1980. Some biochemical effects of glyphosate on plant meristems. J. Exp. Bot. 31:16651674.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
8. Cooley, W. E. and Foy, C. L. 1984. Effect of aromatic amino acids on the growth inhibition of inflated duckweed [Lemna gibba L.) by SC-0224. Abstr. Weed Sci. Soc. Am. Pages 7980.Google Scholar
9. Cooley, W. E. and Foy, C. L. 1985. Effects of glyphosate, SC-0224 (trimethylsulfonium carboxymethylaminomethylphosphonate) and trimethylsulfonium+ on the growth and free amino acid pool levels of inflated duckweed (Lemna gibba L.). Abstr. Weed Sci. Soc. Am. Page 69.Google Scholar
10. Devlin, R. M., Karczmarczyk, S. J., and Zhiec, I. I. 1983. Effect of SC-0224 and SC-0545 on growth, pigment synthesis, and enzyme activity of bean and corn. Abstr. Weed Sci. Soc. Am. Page 105.Google Scholar
11. Foley, M. E., Nafziger, E. D., Slife, F. W., and Wax, L. M. 1983. Effect of glyphosate on protein and nucleic acid synthesis and ATP levels in common cocklebur (Xanthium pensylvanicum) root tissue. Weed Sci. 31:7680.Google Scholar
12. Francki, R.I.B., Zaitlin, M., and Jensen, R. G. 1971. Metabolism of separated leaf cells. II. Uptake and incorporation of protein and ribonucleic acid precursors by tobacco cells. Plant Physiol. 48:1418.Google Scholar
13. Gressel, J. 1985. Biotechnologically conferring herbicide resistance in crops: The present realities. In van Vloten-Doting, L., ed. Molecular Form and Function of the Plant Genome. Plenum, New York (In press).Google Scholar
14. Gresshoff, P. M. 1979. Growth inhibition by glyphosate and reversal of its action by phenylalanine and tyrosine. Aust. J. Plant Physiol. 6:177185.Google Scholar
15. Haderlie, L. D., Widholm, J. M., and Slife, F. W. 1977. Effect of glyphosate on carrot and tobacco cells. Plant Physiol. 60: 4049.Google Scholar
16. Hatzios, K. K. and Penner, D. 1980. Localizing the action of two thiadiazolyl herbicide derivatives. Pestic. Biochem. Physiol. 13:237243.Google Scholar
17. Hatzios, K. K. and Howe, C. M. 1982. Influence of the herbicides hexazinone and chlorsulfuron on the metabolism of isolated soybean leaf cells. Pestic. Biochem. Physiol. 17:207214.Google Scholar
18. Hoagland, R. E. 1983. Some biochemical effects of a new herbicide, glufosinate (HOE-39866) in plants. Abstr. Am. Chem. Soc., No. 96. 185th ACS National Meeting, Seattle.Google Scholar
19. Jaworski, E. G. 1972. Mode of action of N-phosphonomethylglycine: inhibition of aromatic amino acid biosynthesis. J. Agric. Food Chem. 20:11951198.Google Scholar
20. Jensen, R. G., Francki, R.I.B., and Zaitlin, M. 1971. Metabolism of separated leaf cells. I. Preparation of photosynthetically active cells from tobacco. Plant Physiol. 48:913.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
21. Kapusta, G. 1981. HOE-661: A new herbicide for the control of vegetation in no-till fields. Proc. North Cent. Weed Control Conf. 36:92.Google Scholar
22. Köcher, H. 1983. Influence of the light factor on physiological effects of the herbicide HOE-39866. Aspects of Applied Biology 4, Influence of Environmental Factors on Herbicide Performance and Crop and Weed Biology. Pages 227234.Google Scholar
23. Lee, T. T., Dumas, T., and Jevnikar, J. J. 1983. Comparison of the effects of glyphosate and related compounds on indole-3-acetic acid metabolism and ethylene production in tobacco callus. Pestic. Biochem. Physiol. 20:354359.Google Scholar
24. Misato, T. and Yamaguchi, I. 1984. Pesticides of microbial origin. Outlook Agric. 13:136139.Google Scholar
25. Porter, E. M. and Bartels, P. G. 1977. Use of single leaf cells to study mode of action of SAN-6706 on soybean and cotton. Weed Sci. 25:6065.Google Scholar
26. Richard, E. P. Jr., Goss, J. R., and Arntzen, C. J. 1979. Glyphosate does not inhibit photosynthetic electron transport and phosphorylation in pea (Pisum sativum) chloroplasts. Weed Sci. 27:684688.Google Scholar
27. Servaites, J. C. and Ogren, W. L. 1977. Rapid isolation of mesophyll cells from leaves of soybean for photosynthetic studies. Plant Physiol. 59:587590.Google Scholar
28. Sprankle, P., Meggitt, W. F., and Penner, D. 1975. Absorption, action and translocation of glyphosate. Weed Sci. 23:235240.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
29. Stahlman, P. W. 1981. Weed control for chemical fallow and no-till. Res. Rep. North Cent. Weed Control Conf. 38:68.Google Scholar
30. Steinrucken, H. C. and Amrhein, N. 1980. The herbicide glyphosate is a potent inhibitor of 5-enolpyruvyl-shikimic acid-3-phosphate synthase. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 94: 12071212.Google Scholar
31. Takebe, I., Otsuki, Y., and Aoki, S. 1968. Isolation of tobacco mesophyll cells in intact and active state. Plant Cell Physiol. 9:115124.Google Scholar
32. Tymonko, J. M. and Foy, C. L. Inhibition of protein synthesis by glyphosate. Plant Physiol. 61:S:41.Google Scholar
33. Wilson, H. P. and Hines, T. E. 1982. Comparisons of the activities of HOE-00661 with paraquat and glyphosate. Proc. Northeast. Weed Sci. Soc. 36:51.Google Scholar