Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Forebrain connections of the hamster intergeniculate leaflet: Comparison with those of ventral lateral geniculate nucleus and retina

  • L.P. MORIN (a1) (a2) and J.H. BLANCHARD (a1)

Abstract

The hamster intergeniculate leaflet (IGL), part of the circadian rhythm regulatory system, has very extensive interconnections with subcortical visual nuclei. The present investigation describes IGL connections with the hamster diencephalon and telencephalon and compares them with ventral lateral geniculate nucleus (VLG) connections and retinal projections. Connections of the geniculate nuclei were evaluated using anterograde transport of iontophoretically injected Phaseolus vulgaris leucoagglutinin and by retrograde transport of cholera toxin β fragment. The cholera fragment was also injected intraocularly to trace retinal efferents. The IGL has ipsilateral and contralateral projections to the anterior and posterior hypothalamic nuclei, the ventral preoptic, lateral and dorsal hypothalamic areas, but not to the core ventromedial nucleus and very sparsely to the paraventricular nucleus. There are also IGL projections to the medial and lateral zona incerta, anteroventral, anterodorsal, reuniens, parataenial, paraventricular, centrolateral, central medial, and laterodorsal thalamic nuclei. IGL projections to the telencephalon are found in the horizontal limb of the diagonal band, olfactory tubercle, nucleus of the lateral olfactory tract, posterior bed nucleus of the stria terminalis, ventral pallidum, and in nuclei of the medial amygdala. The only substantial VLG projections are to bed nucleus of the stria terminalis, IGL, medial zona incerta, central medial and laterodorsal thalamic nuclei. Several of the IGL targets, the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis and zona incerta in particular, send projections back to the IGL and VLG. In addition, cells are present in the caudal cingulate cortex that project to both nuclei. Retinal projections are found in many of the regions receiving IGL innervation, including nuclei of the medial basal telencephalon, the posteromedial bed nucleus of the stria terminalis, and nuclei of the hypothalamus. A retinal projection is also visible in the lateral olfactory tract from which it extends rostrally, then medially along the base of the rhinal fissure. Fibers also extend caudally, in a superficial location, to perirhinal cortex. The results further demonstrate the widespread connections of the IGL and support the idea that the IGL modulates olfactory, photic, and circadian rhythm regulation of regulatory physiology and behavior.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Lawrence P. Morin, Department of Psychiatry, Health Science Center, SUNY, Stony Brook, NY 11794, USA. E-mail lmorin@epo.som.sunysb.edu

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Forebrain connections of the hamster intergeniculate leaflet: Comparison with those of ventral lateral geniculate nucleus and retina

  • L.P. MORIN (a1) (a2) and J.H. BLANCHARD (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.