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Wisconsin Twin Project Overview: Temperament and Affective Neuroscience

  • Nicole L. Schmidt (a1), Kathryn Lemery-Chalfant (a2) and H. Hill Goldsmith (a1) (a3)


The Wisconsin Twin Project encompasses nearly 30 years of longitudinal research that spans infancy to early adulthood. The twin sample was recruited from statewide birth records for birth cohorts 1989–2004. We summarize early recruitment, assessment, retention and recently completed twin neuroimaging studies. In addition to the focal twins, longitudinal data were also collected from two parents and nontwin siblings. Our adolescent and young adult neuroimaging sample (N = 600) completed several previous behavioral and environmental assessments, beginning shortly after birth. The extensive phenotyping is meant to support a range of empirical investigations with potentially differing theoretical perspectives.


Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: H. Hill Goldsmith, Email:


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Wisconsin Twin Project Overview: Temperament and Affective Neuroscience

  • Nicole L. Schmidt (a1), Kathryn Lemery-Chalfant (a2) and H. Hill Goldsmith (a1) (a3)


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