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The Conjoined Twin Sisters Helen and Judith (1701–1723) and Their Pictorial Impact in Later 18th-Century Science

  • Robin M. F. van der Weiden (a1) and Karl Clausberg (a2)

Abstract

Given the uniqueness of the Hungarian conjoined twin sisters Helen and Judith (1701–1723) and their lasting influence as an anatomical showcase if not model for mental or social deviant states, we present here a closer scrutiny of their introduction into the scientific literature of the later 18th century by analyzing depictions of the twins from 1707 onwards.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

address for correspondence: R. M. F. van der Weiden, Sint Franciscus Gasthuis, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 3045 PM Rotterdam, the Netherlands. E-mail: rmfvdwei@knmg.nl

References

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Boeseman, M., & De Ligny, W. (2004). Martinus Houttuyn (1720–1798) and his contributions to the natural sciences, with emphasis on zoology. Zoologische verhandelinge, no. 349. Archives of Natural History, 32, 119120
Clausberg, K. (2015). Vereint entzweit — Koalitionsfiguren. Manuscript in preparation.
Dirks-Schuster, W. (2013). Monsters, new, and knowledge transfer in early modern England. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, The Ohio State University, OH.
Fontes da Costa, P. (2009). The singular and the making of knowledge at the Royal Society of London. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
Gould, G. M., & Pyle, W. L. (2003). Anomalies and curiosities of medicine. Whitefish, MT: Kessinger Publishing. (Original work published 1896).
Statius Müller, P. L. (1773). Des Ritters Carl von Linné [. . .] vollständiges Natursystem nach der zwölften lateinische Ausgabe und nach Anleitung des holländischen Houttuynischen Werks mit einer ausführlichen Erklärung ausgefertiget von Philipp Ludwig Statius Müller. Erster Theil. Von den säugenden Thieren. Nürnberg, Germany: Gabriel Nicolaus Raspe.
Torkos, J. J., & Burnet, W. (1757). Observationes Anatomico-Medicae. De Monstro Bicorporeo Virgineo A. 1701. Die 26 Oct. in Pannonia, infra Comaromium, in Possessione Szony, Quondam Quiritum Bregetione, in Lucem Edito, Atque A. 1723. Die 23 Febr. Posonii in Caenobio Monialium S. Ursulae Morte Functo Ibidemque Sepulto. Authore Justo Johanne Torkos, M.D. Soc. Regalis Socio. Philosophical Transactions, 50, 311–322. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/105264. Accessed on June 19, 2015.
Van der Weiden, R. M. F. (2008). Disclosure of an unknown portrait of the Hungarian conjoined twin sisters Helen and Judith (1701–1723). Journal of Medical Biography, 16, 173174.
Wilhelm, G. T. (1805). Unterhaltungen über den Menschen. Zweijter Theil. Augsburg, Germany: Martin Engelbrecht.

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