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An argument for relativism

  • Max Kölbel


The question ‘Is everything relative?’ is philosophy' equivalent of a trashy horror movie. It sounds radical and deep. One is excited by the enormity of the insight one would gain were one to find out that indeed, everything is relative. Max Kölbel argues that indeed, everything is relative, but does so by presenting a ‘sensible’ form of relativism supported by a straightforward argument.



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The details of the book by Ayer, in which he defends emotivism, are: Ayer, Alfred J. 1946. Language Truth and Logic, 2nd Edition, London: Victor Gollancz.
Kölbel, Max, 2003. ‘Faultless Disagreement’. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 104, pp. 5373.
MacFarlane, John 2005: ‘Making Sense of Relative Truth’. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 105, pp. 321–9.
Wong, David. 1995. ‘Pluralistic Relativism’. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 20, pp. 378–99.
A treatment of objections against relativism can be found in chapter 7 of Kölbel, Max 2002. Truth without Objectivity. London: Routledge.
Priest, Graham and Tanaka, Koji 2004: ‘Paraconsistent Logic’, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Zalta, Edward N. (ed.), URL = <>.
Priest, Graham 2004: ‘Dialetheism’, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Zalta, Edward N. (ed.), URL = <>.


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