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Brain stimulation: current applications and future prospects

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  12 April 2006

Alon Mogilner
Department of Neurosurgery, New York Medical College, Valhalla, New York, NY, USA
Alim-Louis Benabid
Department of Neurosurgery, Universite Joseph-Fourier-INSERM, 38043 Grenoble, France
Ali Rezai
Department of Neurosurgery, S/80 Center for Functional and Restorative Neuroscience, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA


Advances in the neurosciences and functional neurosurgery have led to a renaissance in the use of brain stimulation technology. A number of intractable neurological disorders can now be safely and successfully treated with brain stimulation. Although this technique was first performed over 50 years ago, it has only now begun to reach its vast clinical potential. This article will provide a historical overview of brain stimulation, describe state-of-the-art clinical applications, and discuss future prospects in this rapidly advancing field.

Research Article
2001 Elsevier Science Ltd

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