The role of urban heat islands in producing systematic isopycnic tilts is explored in more detail, and with greater rigor, than in Part I of this series. (Perth, 1974).
Specifically, a three dimensional integration is carried out, and light rays are, in effect, “traced” through the resulting perturbation field by evaluating the integral of anomalous refraction. This is done for various values of the parameters, viz., wind direction and observatory location relative to the heat island, strength of the central perturbation, zenith distance of the observed object, etc.
It is stressed that heat islands are not the only source of such systematic effects.
Finally, a brief discussion of some possible methods of determining observationally the effects here treated theoretically, as well as other site dependent effects, is appended.