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Internal structure and rotation of the Sun: First results from the MDI data

  • A.G. Kosovichev (a1), J. Schou (a1), P.H. Scherrer (a1), R.S. Bogart (a1), R.I. Bush (a1), J.T. Hoeksema (a1), J. Aloise (a1), L. Bacon (a1), A. Burnette (a1), C. De Forest (a1), P.M. Giles (a1), K. Leibrand (a1), R. Nigam (a1), M. Rubin (a1), K. Scott (a1), S.D. Williams (a1), Sarbani Basu (a2), J. Christensen-Dalsgaard (a2), W. Däppen (a3), E.J. Rhodes (a3), T.L. Duvall (a4), R. Howe (a5), M.J. Thompson (a5), D.O. Gough (a6), T. Sekii (a6), J. Toomre (a7), T.D. Tarbell (a8), A.M. Title (a8), D. Mathur (a8), M. Morrison (a8), J.L.R. Saba (a8), C.J. Wolfson (a8), I. Zayer (a8) and P.N. Milford (a9)...

Abstract

The Medium-l Program of the Michelson Doppler Imager (MDI) instrument on board SOHO provides continuous observations of oscillation modes of angular degree, l, from 0 to ∼ 300. The initial results show that the noise in the Medium-l oscillation power spectrum is substantially lower than in ground-based measurements. This enables us to detect lower amplitude modes and, thus, to extend the range of measured mode frequencies. The MDI observations also reveal the asymmetry of oscillation spectral lines. The line asymmetries agree with the theory of mode excitation by acoustic sources localized in the upper convective boundary layer. The sound-speed profile inferred from the mean frequencies gives evidence for a sharp variation at the edge of the energy-generating core. In a thin layer just beneath the convection zone, helium appears to be less abundant than predicted by theory. Inverting the multiplet frequency splittings from MDI, we detect significant rotational shear in this thin layer.

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