Arcila, J. and Mohapatra, S.C. (1983) Development of tobacco seedling. 2. Morphogenesis during radicle protrusion. Tobacco Science 27, 35–40.
Beerhues, L. and Kombrink, E. (1994) Primary structure and expression of mRNAs encoding basic chitinase and 1,3-β-glucanase in potato. Plant Molecular Biology 24, 353–367.
Beffa, R.S., Neuhaus, J.-M. and Meins, F. (1993) Physiological compensation in antisense transformants: Specific induction of an ‘ersatz’ glucan endo-1,3-β-glucosidase in plants infected with necrotizing viruses. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 90, 8792–8796.
Bewley, J.D. (1997a) Breaking down the walls – a role for endo-β-mannanase in release from seed dormancy? Trends in Plant Science 2, 464–469.
Bewley, J.D. (1997b) Seed germination and dormancy. Plant Cell 9, 1055–1066.
Bihlmeier, M. (1927) Der Einfluss der Vorquellung und der Samenschale auf die Keimung lichtgeförderter Samen. Jahrbücher für Wissenschaftliche Botanik 67, 702–732.
Castresana, C., De Carvalho, F., Gheysen, G., Habets, M., Inze, D. and van Montagu, M. (1990) Tissue-specific and pathogen-induced regulation of a Nicotiana plumbaginifolia β-1,3-glucanase gene. Plant Cell 2, 1131–1143.
Egea, C., Dickinson, M.J., Candela, M. and Candela, E.M. (1999) β-1,3-Glucanase isoenzymes and genes in resistant and susceptible pepper (Capsicum annuum) cultivars infected with Phytophthora capsici. Physiologia Plantarum 107, 312–318.
Frey, A., Audran, C., Marin, E., Sotta, B. and Marion-Poll, A. (1999) Engineering seed dormancy by the modification of zeaxanthin epoxidase gene expression. Plant Molecular Biology 39, 1267–1274.
Gheysen, G., Inze, D., Soetaert, P., van Montagu, M. and Castresana, C. (1990) Sequence of a Nicotiana plumbaginifolia β-1,3-glucanase gene encoding a vacuolar isoform. Nucleic Acids Research. 18, 6685.
Girard, J. (1990) Study of the inheritance of seed primary dormancy and the ability to enter secondary dormancy in Petunia: influence of temperature, light and gibberellic acid on dormancy. Plant Cell and Environment 13, 827–832.
Grappin, P., Bouinot, D., Sotta, B., Miginiac, E. and Jullien, M. (2000) Control of seed dormancy in Nicotiana plumbaginifolia: post-imbibition abscisic acid synthesis imposes dormancy maintenance. Planta 210, 279–285.
Hilhorst, H.W.M. (1995) A critical update on seed dormancy. I. Primary dormancy. Seed Science Research 5, 61–73.
Hilhorst, H.W.M. and Downie, B. (1996) Primary dormancy in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum cv. Moneymaker): Studies with the sitiens mutant. Journal of Experimental Botany 47, 89–97.
Judd, W.S., Campbell, C.S., Kellog, E.A. and Stevens, P.F. (1999) Plant systematics: a phylogenetic approach. Sunderland, Massachusetts, USA, Sinauer Associates, Inc.
Jung, H.W. and Hwang, B.K. (2000a) Isolation, partial sequencing, and expression of pathogenesis-related cDNA genes from pepper leaves infected by Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria. Molecular Plant–Microbe Interactions 13, 136–142.
Jung, H.W. and Hwang, B.K. (2000b) Pepper gene encoding a basic β-1,3-glucanase is differentially expressed in pepper tissues upon pathogen infection and ethephon or methyl jasmonate treatment. Plant Science 159, 97–106.
Kim, Y.J. and Hwang, B.K. (1994) Differential accumulation of β-1,3-glucanase and chitinase isoforms in pepper stems infected by compatible and incompatible isolates of Phytophthora capsici. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology 45, 195–209.
Kim, Y.J. and Hwang, B.K. (1997) Isolation of a basic 34 kiloDalton β-1,3-glucanase with inhibitory activity against Phytophthora capsici from pepper stems. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology 50, 103–115.
Kincaid, R.R. (1935) The effects of certain environmental factors on the germination of Florida cigar-wrapper tobacco seeds. Technical Bulletin of the University of Florida Agricultural Experimental Station 277, 5–47.
Koornneef, M., Bentsink, L. and Hilhorst, H. (2002) Seed dormancy and germination. Current Opinion in Plant Biology 5, 33–36.
Kunz, C., Schöb, H., Stam, M., Kooter, J.M. and Meins, F. (1996) Developmentally regulated silencing and reactivation of tobacco chitinase transgene expression. Plant Journal 10, 437–450.
Kunz, C., Schöb, H., Leubner-Metzger, G., Glazov, E. and Meins, F. (2001) β-1,3-Glucanase and chitinase transgenes in hybrids show distinctive and independent patterns of posttranscriptional gene silencing. Planta 212, 243–249.
Leubner-Metzger, G. (2001) Brassinosteroids and gibberellins promote tobacco seed germination by distinct pathways. Planta 213, 758–763.
Leubner-Metzger, G. (2002) Seed after-ripening and over-expression of class I β-1,3-glucanase confer maternal effects on tobacco testa rupture and dormancy release. Planta 215, 959–968.
Leubner-Metzger, G. (2003) Functions of β-1,3-glucanases during seed germination, dormancy release and after-ripening. Seed Science Research 13, 17–34.
Leubner-Metzger, G. and Meins, F. (1999) Functions and regulation of plant β-1,3-glucanases (PR-2). pp. 49–76in Datta, S.K.;Muthukrishnan, S. (Eds) Pathogenesis-related proteins in plants. Boca Raton, Florida, CRC Press.
Leubner-Metzger, G. and Meins, F. (2000) Sense transformation reveals a novel role for class I β-1,3-glucanase in tobacco seed germination. Plant Journal 23, 215–221.
Leubner-Metzger, G., Fründt, C., Vögeli-Lange, R. and Meins, F. (1995) Class I β-1,3-glucanase in the endosperm of tobacco during germination. Plant Physiology 109, 751–759.
Leubner-Metzger, G., Fründt, C. and Meins, F. (1996) Effects of gibberellins, darkness and osmotica on endosperm rupture and class I β-1,3-glucanase induction in tobacco seed germination. Planta 199, 282–288.
Leubner-Metzger, G., Petruzzelli, L., Waldvogel, R., Vögeli-Lange, R. and Meins, F. (1998) Ethylene-responsive element binding protein (EREBP) expression and the transcriptional regulation of class I β-1,3-glucanase during tobacco seed germination. Plant Molecular Biology 38, 785–795.
Liptay, A. and Schopfer, P. (1983) Effect of water stress, seed coat restraint, and abscisic acid upon different germination capabilities of two tomato lines at low temperature. Plant Physiology 73, 935–938.
Meins, F., Neuhaus, J.-M., Sperisen, C. and Ryals, J. (1992) The primary structure of plant pathogenesis-related glucanohydrolases and their genes. in Boller, T. and Meins, F. (Eds) Genes involved in plant defense. Vienna, Springer-Verlag. pp. 245–282.
Neuhaus, J.M., Flores, S., Keefe, D., Ahl-Goy, P. and Meins, F. (1992) The function of vacuolar β-1,3-glucanase investigated by antisense transformation. Susceptibility of transgenic Nicotiana sylvestris plants to Cercospora nicotianae infection. Plant Molecular Biology 19, 803–813.
Nonogaki, H., Gee, O.H. and Bradford, K.J. (2000) A germination-specific endo-β-mannanase gene is expressed in the micropylar endosperm cap of tomato seeds. Plant Physiology 123, 1235–1245.
Petruzzelli, L., Kunz, C., Waldvogel, R., Meins, F. and Leubner-Metzger, G. (1999) Distinct ethylene- and tissue-specific regulation of β-1,3-glucanases and chitinases during pea seed germination. Planta 209, 195–201.
Petruzzelli, L., Coraggio, I. and Leubner-Metzger, G. (2000) Ethylene promotes ethylene biosynthesis during pea seed germination by positive feedback regulation of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid oxidase. Planta 211, 144–149.
Petruzzelli, L., Sturaro, M., Mainieri, D. and Leubner-Metzger, G. (2003) Calcium requirement for ethylene-dependent responses involving 1-aminocyclo- propane-1-carboxylic acid oxidase in radicle tissues of germinated pea seeds. Plant Cell and Environment. (in press).
Pflieger, S., Palloix, A., Caranta, C., Blattes, A. and Lefebvre, V. (2001) Defense response genes co-localize with quantitative disease resistance loci in pepper. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 103, 920–929.
Rezzonico, E., Flury, N., Meins, F. and Beffa, R. (1998) Transcriptional down-regulation by abscisic acid of pathogenesis-related β-1,3-glucanase genes in tobacco cell cultures. Plant Physiology 117, 585–592.
Schmidt-Puchta, W., Kütemeier, G., Günther, I., Haas, B. and Sänger, H.L. (1989) Cloning and sequence analysis of the 18S ribosomal RNA gene of tomato and a secondary structure model of the 18S rRNA of angiosperms. Molecular and General Genetics 219, 17–25.
Shinshi, H., Mohnen, D. and Meins, F. (1987) Regulation of a plant pathogenesis-related enzyme inhibition of chitinase and chitinase mRNA accumulation in cultured tobacco tissues by auxin and cytokinin. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 84, 89–93.
Shinshi, H., Wenzler, H., Neuhaus, J.-M., Felix, G., Hofsteenge, J. and Meins, F. (1988) Evidence of N- and C-terminal processing of a plant defense-related enzyme: Primary structure of tobacco prepro-β-1,3-glucanase. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 85, 5541–5545.
Simmons, C.R. (1994) The physiology and molecular biology of plant 1,3-β-D-glucanases and 1,3;1,4-β-D-glucanases. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences 13, 325–387.
Sink, K.C. (1984) Petunia. Berlin, Springer-Verlag.
Sperisen, C., Ryals, J. and Meins, F. (1991) Comparison of cloned genes provides evidence for intergenomic exchange of DNA in the evolution of a tobacco glucan endo-1,3-β-glucosidase gene family. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 88, 1820–1824.
Toorop, P.E., van Aelst, A.C. and Hilhorst, H.W.M. (1998) Endosperm cap weakening and endo-β-mannanase activity during priming of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum cv. Moneymaker) seeds are initiated upon crossing a threshold water potential. Seed Science Research 8, 483–491.
Toorop, P.E., van Aelst, A.C. and Hilhorst, H.W.M. (2000) The second step of the biphasic endosperm cap weakening that mediates tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) seed germination is under control of ABA. Journal of Experimental Botany 51, 1371–1379.
Van Buuren, M., Neuhaus, J.M., Shinshi, H., Ryals, J. and Meins, F. (1992) The structure and regulation of homologous tobacco endochitinase genes of Nicotiana sylvestris and N. tomentosiformis origin. Molecular and General Genetics 232, 460–469.
Van de Rhee, M.D., Lemmers, R. and Bol, J.F. (1993) Analysis of regulatory elements involved in stress-induced and organ-specific expression of tobacco acidic and basic β-1,3-glucanase genes. Plant Molecular Biology 21, 451–461.
Van Kan, J.A.L., Joosten, M.H.A.J., Wagemakers, C.A.M., van den Berg-Velthuis, G.C.M. and de Wit, P.J.G.M. (1992) Differential accumulation of mRNAs encoding extracellular and intracellular PR proteins in tomato induced by virulent and avirulent races of Cladosporium fulvum. Plant Molecular Biology 20, 513–527.
Vögeli-Lange, R., Fründt, C., Hart, C.M., Nagy, F. and Meins, F. (1994) Developmental, hormonal, and pathogenesis-related regulation of the tobacco class I β-1,3-glucanase B promoter. Plant Molecular Biology 25, 299–311.
Watkins, J.T. and Cantliffe, D.J. (1983) Mechanical resistance of the seed coat and endosperm during germination of Capsicum annuum at low temperature. Plant Physiology 72, 146–150.
Watkins, J.T., Cantliffe, D.J., Huber, D.J. and Nell, T.A. (1985) Gibberellic acid stimulated degradation of endosperm in pepper. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 110, 61–65.
Wu, C.-T. and Bradford, K.J. (2002) Class I chitinase is expressed specifically in the micropylar region of gib-1 tomato seeds in response to wounding or methyl Received 10 July 2002 jasmonate. Abstract of the Seventh International Workshop on Seeds, Salamanca, Spain.
Wu, C.T., Leubner-Metzger, G., Meins, F. and Bradford, K.J. (2000) Class I β-1,3-glucanase and chitinase are expressed in the micropylar endosperm of tomato seeds prior to radicle emergence. Plant Physiology 126, 1299–1313.