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Pre- and post-harvest influences on physiological dormancy alleviation of an Australian Asteraceae species: Actinobole uliginosum (A. Gray) H. Eichler

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 December 2008

Gemma L. Hoyle*
Affiliation:
Integrated Seed Research Unit, School of Land, Crop and Food Sciences, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Queensland, 4072Australia
Matthew I. Daws
Affiliation:
Seed Conservation Department, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Wakehurst Place, Ardingly, West Sussex, RH17 6TN, UK
Kathryn J. Steadman
Affiliation:
School of Pharmacy, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Queensland, 4072Australia
Steve W. Adkins
Affiliation:
Integrated Seed Research Unit, School of Land, Crop and Food Sciences, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Queensland, 4072Australia
*
*Correspondence Email: gemmahoyle@hotmail.com

Abstract

The effects of maternal air temperature and soil moisture upon seed physiological dormancy (PD) alleviation of an Australian native Asteraceae were investigated. From the onset of flowering, Actinobole uliginosum plants growing ex situ were subjected to either a warm (mean 26°C) or cool (mean 17°C) temperature regime, with adequate or limited water availability. In the warm environment, the reproductive phase was accelerated, and plants yielded fewer seeds over a shorter, earlier harvest period, when compared to those in the cool environment. Initial germination of all seeds was low ( < 20% at 15°C) due to PD, which was gradually alleviated by a dry after-ripening (DAR) treatment (34/20°C, 40% relative humidity, in darkness). Seeds from plants grown in the warm environment were more responsive to DAR than seeds from the cool environment, but maternal plant water availability had little effect on dormancy status. Germination was higher at 15°C than at 25/15°C, reaching a plateau of c. 80% germination after 20 weeks DAR. Before DAR, application of GA3 had little impact on seeds, which would consequently be classified as having deep PD if tested at the time of dispersal. However, DAR caused seeds to become increasingly responsive to GA3, reaching 97% germination at 15°C following just 4 weeks of DAR, which would indicate non-deep PD if seeds were tested following a period of warm, dry storage. Maternal air temperature regulates PD status of A. uliginosum, such that seeds collected from a warmer environment are likely to be more responsive to DAR. Post-harvest storage in an environment suitable for DAR affects seed response to GA3, which has implications for germination stimulation and dormancy classification.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2008

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