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Assessment of the Effect of Energy Consumption on Trajectory Improvement for a Car-like Robot

  • Francisco Valero (a1), Francisco Rubio (a1) and Carlos Llopis-Albert (a1)

Summary

Reducing the energy consumed by a car-like mobile robot makes it possible to move at a lower cost, yet it takes more working time. This paper proposes an optimization algorithm for trajectories with optimal times and analyzes the consequences of restricting the energy consumed on the trajectory obtained for a car-like robot. When modeling the dynamic behavior of the vehicle, it is necessary to consider its inertial parameters, the behavior of the motor, and the basic properties of the tire in its interaction with the ground. To obtain collision-free, minimum-time trajectories quadratic sequential optimization techniques are used, where the objective function is the time taken by the robot to move between two given configurations. This is subject to constraints relating to the vehicle and tires as well as the energy consumed, which is the basis for this paper. We work with a real random distribution of consumed energy values following a normal Gaussian distribution in order to analyze its influence on the trajectories obtained by the vehicle. The energy consumed, the time taken, the maximum velocity reached, and the distance traveled are analyzed in order to characterize the properties of the trajectories obtained. The proposed algorithm has been applied to 101 examples, showing that the computational times needed to obtain the solutions are always lower than those required to realize the trajectories. The results obtained allow us to reach conclusions about the energy efficiency of the trajectories.

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Corresponding author

*Corresponding author. E-mail: frubio@mcm.upv.es

References

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Keywords

Assessment of the Effect of Energy Consumption on Trajectory Improvement for a Car-like Robot

  • Francisco Valero (a1), Francisco Rubio (a1) and Carlos Llopis-Albert (a1)

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