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Redundancy coordination of multiple robotic devices for welding through genetic algorithm

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  23 April 2001

L. Wu
Affiliation:
National Key Laboratory of Advanced Welding Production Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, Hei Longjiang (People's Republic of China)
K. Cui
Affiliation:
National Key Laboratory of Advanced Welding Production Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, Hei Longjiang (People's Republic of China)
S. B. Chen
Affiliation:
National Key Laboratory of Advanced Welding Production Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, Hei Longjiang (People's Republic of China)

Abstract

In this paper we consider the problem of coordinating multiple motion devices for welding. We focus on the problem of coordinating a three-axis positioning table and a six-axis manipulator. The problem is complex as there are nine axes involved and a number of permutations are possible which achieve the same movements of the weld torch. The system is redundant and the robot has singular configurations. As a result, manual programming of the robot system is rather difficult to complete.

Our approach to the coordination problem is based on a subdivision of tasks. The welding table is coordinated to align the weld point surface to be anti-parallel to the gravity direction. The six-axis robot is constrained to move the weld torch along the weld trajectory. Robot coordination is achieved by placing the positioning table in a good maneuverability position, i.e. far from its singular configurations and far from the motion limits of the six-axis arm and the motion limits of the track. While considering multiple criteria, including the welding orientation, a Genetic Algorithm was employed to globally optimize six relevant redundant degrees of the multiple robotic system for welding. The joint angles of the arm were generated by inverse kinematics. Our method of redundancy coordination is superior to pseudo-inverse techniques, for it is more global and accurate.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
© 2000 Cambridge University Press

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