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Las curvas de oferta y demanda de Fleeming Jenkin*

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  28 April 2010

Carlos Rodríguez Braun
Affiliation:
Universidad Complutense

Abstract

Fleeming Jenkin (1833–1885) was the first person in Britain to draw supply and demand curves, discussing them as mathematical functions and employing them to study economic problems. A celebrated engineer, he made remarkable contributions to economics, that attracted little attention in his time. This article goes through Jenkin's thought, emphasizing his analysis of the three laws of supply and demand, and its application to the labour market and die taxes, mat produced the independent discovery of die notion of consumer and producer surplus. The article holds that a reason why Jenkin lacked die acknowledgement he deserved lay in the hostile attitude towards him by Jevons and Marshall, who undervalued his contributions and insisted that they had anticipated Jenkin. The article concludes that this claim is unfounded.

Resumen

Fleeming Jenkin (1833–1885) fue el primer británico que dibujó curvas de oferta y demanda, las analizó como funciones matemáticas y las empleó para abordar problemas económicos. Célebre ingéniera, efectuó notables aportaciones a la economía, que fueron en su tiempo poco destacadas. Este artículo revisa el pensamiento de Jenkin, poniendo el énfasis en su análisis de las très leyes de la oferta y la demanda, y su aplicacién al mercado de trabajo y a los impuestos, que dio lugar al descubrimiento independiente de la noción de excedente del consumidor y del productor. El artículo sostiene que una razón por la que Jenkin no obtuvo el reconocimiento que merecía rue el trato hostil que le dispensaron Jevons y Marshall, que devaluaron sus contribuciones e insistieron en que se le habían anticipado. El artículo concluye que esta reivindicación carece de fundamento.

Type
Artículos
Copyright
Copyright © Instituto Figuerola de Historia y Ciencias Sociales, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid 1995

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