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Mieux connaître le devenir biologique des futurs matériaux nucléaires, une nécessité pour maintenir un bon niveau de radioprotection

  • H. Métivier (a1) and R. Guillaumont (a2)

Abstract

Un important programme de recherches, appelé « Generation IV », est actuellement développé au niveau international pour préparer les réacteurs du futur et leurs « cycle de combustible ». Son objectif est de satisfaire les besoins croissants en énergie électrique dans le cadre d'un développement durable. L'un des aspects majeurs de ce programme est la recherche et le développement de nouveaux matériaux nucléaires fissiles/fertiles. Malheureusement, on s'aperçoit aujourd'hui que, pour de nombreux composés candidats pour développer ces matériaux, il n'existe pas de données radiotoxicologiques permettant au médecin du travail d'évaluer le risque réel en cas de contamination et de prescrire un traitement de décontamination adapté. Il conviendrait donc de relancer d'urgence les études de poste où sont, ou bien seront, mis en œuvre ces composés ou matériaux. L'expérience passée a montré que la prévision en matière de radioprotection était difficile et qu'une validation expérimentale du comportement des éléments lourds radiotoxiques ou toxiques in vitro et in vivo était nécessaire.

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Keywords

Mieux connaître le devenir biologique des futurs matériaux nucléaires, une nécessité pour maintenir un bon niveau de radioprotection

  • H. Métivier (a1) and R. Guillaumont (a2)

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