Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Wiggle-Match Dating of Wooden Samples from Iron Age Sites in Northern Italy

  • G Quarta (a1), M I Pezzo (a2), S Marconi (a2), U Tecchiati (a3), M D'Elia (a1) and L Calcagnile (a1)...

Abstract

Archaeological excavations carried out at the sites of Laion/Lajen (Bolzano/Bozen) and Stufles-Oberegger (Bressanone/Brixen) in northern Italy uncovered well-preserved wooden samples in cultural layers archaeologically dated to the Iron Age. From the 2 sites, different wooden samples were recovered that were well preserved enough to allow clear identification of the tree species and of the ring structure. Among the different wooden samples, 2 were selected for radiocarbon analyses: from Laion/Lajen, a beam with an unbroken sequence of 158 rings; from Stufles-Oberegger, a combusted trunk with a sequence of 217 rings. Both samples were identified as Larix decidua species. From each sequence, single rings were selected and submitted for accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) 14C dating analysis at CEDAD. Conventional 14C ages were then calibrated to calendar ages using the IntCal04 atmospheric data set, while the statistical constraints resulting from the defined ring sequence were used to develop a wiggle-matching approach by making use of the Bayesian analysis functions available in OxCal. The obtained results are an important contribution in refining the chronology of the studied sites.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Wiggle-Match Dating of Wooden Samples from Iron Age Sites in Northern Italy
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Wiggle-Match Dating of Wooden Samples from Iron Age Sites in Northern Italy
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Wiggle-Match Dating of Wooden Samples from Iron Age Sites in Northern Italy
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

Corresponding author

Corresponding author. Email: gianluca.quarta@unisalento.it.

References

Hide All
Baillie, MGL Pilcher, JR. 1973. A simple crossdating program for tree-ring research. Tree-Ring Bulletin 33:714.
Bayliss, A. 2009. Rolling out revolution: using radiocarbon dating in archaeology. Radiocarbon 51(1):123–47.
Blackwell, PG, Buck, CE, Reimer, PJ. 2006. Important features of the new radiocarbon calibration curves. Quaternary Science Reviews 25(5–6):408–13.
Blockley, SPE, Blaauw, M, Bronk Ramsey, C, van der Plicht, J. 2007. Building and testing age models for radiocarbon dates in Lateglacial and Early Holocene sediments. Quaternary Science Reviews 26(15–16):1915–26.
Bronk Ramsey, C. 1995. Radiocarbon calibration and analysis of stratigraphy: the OxCal program. Radiocarbon 37(2):425–30.
Bronk Ramsey, C. 2001. Development of the radiocarbon calibration program. Radiocarbon 43(2A):355–63.
Bronk Ramsey, C. 2009. Bayesian analysis of radiocarbon dates. Radiocarbon 51(1):337–60.
Buck, CE, Kenworthy, JB, Litton, CD, Smith, AFM. 1991. Combining archaeological and radiocarbon information: a Bayesian approach to calibration. Antiquity 65(249):808–21.
Bronk Ramsey, C, van der Plicht, J, Weninger, B. 2001. ‘Wiggle matching’ radiocarbon dates. Radiocarbon 43(2A):381–9.
Calcagnile, L, Quarta, G. 2010. E/Q and ME/Q2 contributions to machine background in sequential injection radiocarbon AMS. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 268(7–8):830–3.
Calcagnile, L, Quarta, G, D'Elia, M. 2005. High resolution accelerator-based mass spectrometry: precision, accuracy and background. Applied Radiation and Isotopes 62(4):623–9.
D'Elia, M, Calcagnile, L, Quarta, G, Rizzo, A, Sanapo, C, Laudisa, M, Toma, U, Rizzo, A. 2004. Sample preparation and blank values at the AMS radiocarbon facility of the University of Lecce. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 223–224:278–83.
Eckstein, D, Bauch, J. 1969. Beitrag zur Rationaisirung eines dendrochronologischen Verfahrens und sur Analyse seiner Aussagericherheit. Forstwissenschaftlich Centralbatt 88:230–50. In German.
Feltrin, M, Marconi, S, Pezzo, MI, Rizzi Zorzi, J, Tecchiati, U. 2008. Indagini dendrocronologiche su alcuni edifici dell'età del Ferro recentemente scavati a Stufles (Bressanone/Brixen, Prov. Bolzano/Bozen),Via Elvas 12 e 16. Campagne di scavo 2007 e 2008. Annali del Museo Civico di Rovereto 24. p 95122. In Italian.
Galimberti, M, Bronk Ramsey, C, Manning, SW. 2004. Wiggle-match dating of tree-ring sequences. Radiocarbon 46(2):917–24
Haneca, K, Čufar, K, Beeckman, H. 2009. Oaks, tree-rings and wooden cultural heritage: a review of the main characteristics and applications of oak dendrochronology in Europe. Journal of Archaeological Science 36(1):111.
Hollstein, E. 1980. Mitteleuropaische Eichenchronologie. Mainz am Rhein: Verlag Phillipp von Zabern.
Kuniholm, PI. 2001. Archaeological dendrochronology. Dendrochronologia 20(1–2):63–8.
Manning, SW, Weninger, B. 1992. A light in the dark: archaeological wiggle matching and the absolute chronology of the close of the Aegean Late Bronze Age. Antiquity 66(252):636–63.
Manning, WS, Kromer, B, Kuniholm, PI, Newton, MW. 2001. Anatolian tree-rings and a new chronology for the East Mediterranean Bronze-Iron Ages. Science 294(5551):2532–5.
Marconi, S, Pezzo, MI, Quarta, G, Tecchiati, U. 2007. Analisi dendrocronologica di reperti lignei provenienti dall'abitato della media età del Ferro di Laion/Lajen (Bolzano/Bozen). Annali del Museo Civico di Rovereto 23. p 7388. In Italian.
Nicolussi, K, Kaufmann, M, Melivi, TM, van der Plicht, J, Schiessling, P, Thurner, A. 2009. A 9111 year long conifer tree-ring chronology for the European Alps: a base for environmental and climatic investigations. The Holocene 19(6):909–20.
Pezzo, MI. 2009. Dendrochronological research at the Rosslauf (Brassanone, Italy). In: Manning, SW, Bruce, MJ, editors. Tree-Rings, Kings and Old World Archaeology and Environment. Oxford: Oxbow Books. p 51–7.
Reimer, PJ, Baillie, MGL, Bard, E, Bayliss, A, Beck, JW, Bertrand, CJH, Blackwell, PG, Buck, CE, Burr, GS, Cutler, KB, Damon, PE, Edwards, RL, Fairbanks, RG, Friedrich, M, Guilderson, TP, Hogg, AG, Hughen, KA, Kromer, B, McCormac, G, Manning, S, Bronk Ramsey, C, Reimer, RW, Remmele, S, Southon, JR, Stuiver, M, Talamo, S, Taylor, FW, van der Plicht, J, Weyhenmeyer, CE. 2004. IntCal04 terrestrial radiocarbon age calibration, 0–26 cal kyr BP. Radiocarbon 46(3):1029–58.
Rinn, F. 1996. TSAP, Time Series Analysis and Presentation. Version 3.0. Reference Manual. Heidelberg. URL: http://www.rinntech.de/.
Steier, P, Rom, W. 2000. The use of Bayesian statistics for 14C dates of chronologically ordered samples: a critical analysis. Radiocarbon 42(2):183–98.
Stuiver, M, Polach, HA. 1977. Discussion: reporting of 14C data. Radiocarbon 19(3):355–63.
Vasiliev, SS, Bokovenko, NA, Chugunov, KA, Dergachev, VA, Sementsov, AA, Sljusarenko, JU, Zaitseva, GI. 2001. Tree ring, “wiggle-matching” and statistics in the chronological studies of Scythian Age sites in Asia. Geochronometria 20:61–8.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed