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Tree-Ring Dating and AMS Wiggle-Matching of Wooden Statues at Neunggasa Temple in South Korea

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  18 July 2016

Won-Kyu Park
Affiliation:
Department of Wood and Paper Science, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 361-763, South Korea
Yojung Kim
Affiliation:
Tree-Ring Material Bank, BLD #504-216, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 361-763, South Korea
Ah-Reum Jeong
Affiliation:
Department of Wood and Paper Science, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 361-763, South Korea
Sang-Kyu Kim
Affiliation:
Tree-Ring Material Bank, BLD #504-216, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 361-763, South Korea
Jung-Ae Oh
Affiliation:
Department of Wood and Paper Science, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 361-763, South Korea
Suh-Young Park
Affiliation:
Department of Art History, Hongik University, Seoul 121-791, South Korea
Sunil Choi
Affiliation:
Office of Cultural Properties Appraisal, Cultural Heritage Administration, Incheon International Airport, Incheon 400-715, South Korea
Gyujun Park
Affiliation:
Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources, Daejon 305-350, South Korea
Jeong-Wook Seo
Affiliation:
Department of Wood Science, University of Hamburg, Leuschnerstr. 91, D-21031 Hamburg, Germany
Corresponding
E-mail address:
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Abstract

This paper reports the results of tree-ring dating and accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) wiggle-matching for wooden Buddhist statues stored at the Eungjindang Hall of Neunggasa Temple, South Korea. Among 23 statues, 10 were successfully dated by tree rings. The cutting date of logs used for the statues was determined as some time between late fall 1684 and early spring 1685 when the bark ring (AD 1684) completed latewood formation. The 95.4% confidence interval of a radiocarbon date (cal AD 1688–1713, 2 σ), which was obtained by wiggle-matching 7 samples of a statue, is similar to the dendro-date (AD 1684). A historical document recorded that the statues in the Eungjindang of Neunggasa were dedicated in July 1685. The dendro-date and written record indicate that Eungjindang statues were made within 3–8 months after log cutting. This seems rather short if we consider the period required for natural drying to avoid defects such as cracking and crooking.

Type
Calibration, Data Analysis, and Statistical Methods
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by the Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona 

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Tree-Ring Dating and AMS Wiggle-Matching of Wooden Statues at Neunggasa Temple in South Korea
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