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Seasonal and Secular Variations of Atmospheric 14Co2 Over the Western Pacific Since 1994

  • H Kitagawa (a1), Hitoshi Mukai (a2), Yukihiro Nojiri (a2), Yasuyuki Shibata (a2), Toshiyuki Kobayashi (a2) and Tomoko Nojiri (a3)...

Abstract

Air sample collections over the western Pacific have continued since 1992 as a part of Center for Global Environmental Research, National Institute for Environmental Studies (CGER-NIES) global environmental monitoring program. The air samples collected on the Japan-Australia transect made it possible to trace the seasonal and secular 14CO2 variations, as well as an increasing trend of greenhouse gases over the western Pacific. A subset of CO2 samples from latitudes of 10–15°N and 23–28°S were chosen for accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) 14C analysis using a NIES-TERRA AMS with a 0.3–0.4% precision. These 14CO2 records in maritime air show seasonal variations superimposed on normal exponential decreasing trends with a time constant of about 16 yr. The Δ14C values in the Northern Hemisphere are lower those in the Southern Hemisphere by 3–4 during 1994–2002. The Northern Hemisphere record shows relatively high seasonality (2.3 ± 1.5) as compared with the Southern Hemisphere (1.3 ± 1.2). The maximum values of seasonal cycles appear in late autumn and early winter in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres, respectively. Oscillations of 1–10 yr over the western Pacific are found to correlate possibly with the El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events.

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