Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Rates of Organic Carbon Burial in a Floodplain Lake of the Lower Yellow River Area During the Late Holocene

  • Shi-Yong Yu (a1) (a2), Chunhai Li (a3), Xuexiang Chen (a1), Guiyun Jin (a1) and Hui Fang (a1)...

Abstract

The rapid outward and upward growth of the world's large fluvial sedimentary systems during the second half of the Holocene is a remarkable geologic process that may have buried considerable areas of pre-existing riparian wetlands, which in turn would sequester massive carbon. However, the role of floodplain lakes in the global carbon budget has long been neglected. This article demonstrates the potential of organic carbon burial due to floodplain aggradation during the late Holocene by analyzing a sediment core from a buried floodplain lake in the lower Yellow River area. Based on detailed radiocarbon dating, this study inferred that landscape development in the study area has experienced three disparate stages closely related to the displacement of the lower Yellow River channel. The first stage (∼2250–1700 cal yr BP) represents a widespread pedogenic process while the Yellow River discharged to the northern Bohai Sea through a course much farther north from the present-day position. The subsequent stage (∼1700–1000 cal yr BP) broadly corresponds to the calm period of the Yellow River while it discharged to the southern Bohai Sea through a course slightly north from the present-day position. A lacustrine environment prevailed during this period, sequestering organic carbon at a rate of ∼0.58 kg m 2 yr 1. The final stage (∼1000 cal yr BP to present) is marked by the rapid growth of the floodplain due to the frequent rerouting of the lower Yellow River. This analysis suggests that fluvial sedimentary systems should be integrated into the terrestrial carbon budget when accounting for the aberrant rise of the atmospheric CO2 in the face of global cooling during the second half of the Holocene.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Rates of Organic Carbon Burial in a Floodplain Lake of the Lower Yellow River Area During the Late Holocene
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Rates of Organic Carbon Burial in a Floodplain Lake of the Lower Yellow River Area During the Late Holocene
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Rates of Organic Carbon Burial in a Floodplain Lake of the Lower Yellow River Area During the Late Holocene
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

Corresponding author

3. Corresponding author. Email: syu@sdu.edu.cn; syu@d.umn.edu.

References

Hide All
Alin, SR, Johnson, TC. 2007. Carbon cycling in large lakes of the world: a synthesis of production, burial, and lake-atmosphere exchange estimates. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 21(3):GB3002, doi:10.1029/2006GB002881.
Battin, TJ, Luyssaert, S, Kaplan, LA, Aufdenkampe, AK, Richter, A, Tranvik, LJ. 2009. The boundless carbon cycle. Nature Geoscience 2(9):598600.
Bianchi, TS, Allison, MA. 2009. Large-river delta-front estuaries as natural “recorders” of global environmental change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 106(20):8085–92.
Calvert, S, Vogel, J, Southon, J. 1987. Carbon accumulation rates and the origin of the Holocene sapropel in the Black Sea. Geology 15(10):918–21.
Campbell, I, Campbell, C, Vitt, D, Kelker, D, Laird, L, Trew, D, Kotak, B, LeClair, D, Bayley, S. 2000. A first estimate of organic carbon storage in Holocene lake sediments in Alberta, Canada. Journal of Paleolimnology 24(4):395400.
Cole, J, Prairie, Y, Caraco, N, McDowell, W, Tranvik, L, Striegl, R, Duarte, C, Kortelainen, P, Downing, J, Middelburg, J. 2007. Plumbing the global carbon cycle: integrating inland waters into the terrestrial carbon budget. Ecosystems 10(1):172–85.
Dean, WE. 1999. The carbon cycle and biogeochemical dynamics in lake sediments. Journal of Paleolimnology 21(4):375–93.
Dean, WE, Gorham, E. 1998. Magnitude and significance of carbon burial in lakes, reservoirs, and peatlands. Geology 26(6):535–8.
Dong, X, Anderson, NJ, Yang, X, Shen, J. 2012. Carbon burial by shallow lakes on the Yangtze floodplain and its relevance to regional carbon sequestration. Global Change Biology 18(7):2205–17.
Einsele, G, Yan, J, Hinderer, M. 2001. Atmospheric carbon burial in modern lake basins and its significance for the global carbon budget. Global and Planetary Change 30(3):167–95.
Engle, DL, Melack, JM, Doyle, RD, Fisher, TR. 2008. High rates of net primary production and turnover of floating grasses on the Amazon floodplain: implications for aquatic respiration and regional CO2 flux. Global Change Biology 14(2):369–81.
Falkowski, P, Scholes, R, Boyle, E, Canadell, J, Canfield, D, Elser, J, Gruber, N, Hibbard, K, Högberg, P, Linder, S. 2000. The global carbon cycle: a test of our knowledge of earth as a system. Science 290(5490):291–6.
Gui, Z-F, Xue, B, Yao, S-C, Wei, W-J, Yi, S. 2013. Organic carbon burial in lake sediments in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River Basin, China. Hydrobiologia 710(1):143–56.
Guo, Y. 1990. On historical changes of lakes in Shandong Province. Transactions of Oceanology and Limnology 3:1522. In Chinese with English abstract.
Han, M, Zhang, W, Li, Y, Zhang, L. 2002. Formation and change of ancient lake on south coast plain of Laizhou Bay. Scientia Geographica Sinica 22(4):430–5. In Chinese with English abstract.
Hanson, PC, Bade, DL, Carpenter, SR, Kratz, TK. 2003. Lake metabolism: relationships with dissolved organic carbon and phosphorus. Limnology and Oceanography 48(3):1112–9.
Hellinger, SJ, Shedlock, KM, Sclater, JG, Ye, H. 1985. The Cenozoic evolution of the North China Basin. Tectonics 4(4):343–58.
Hori, K, Tanabe, S, Saito, Y, Haruyama, S, Nguyen, V, Kitamura, A. 2004. Delta initiation and Holocene sea-level change: example from the Song Hong (Red River) delta, Vietnam. Sedimentary Geology 164(3):237–49.
Moreira-Turcq, P, Jouanneau, J, Turcq, B, Seyler, P, Weber, O, Guyot, J-L. 2004. Carbon sedimentation at Lago Grande de Curuai, a floodplain lake in the low Amazon region: insights into sedimentation rates. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 214(1):2740.
Mulholland, PJ, Elwood, JW. 1982. The role of lake and reservoir sediments as sinks in the perturbed global carbon cycle. Tellus 34(5):490–9.
Reimer, PJ, Baillie, MGL, Bard, E, Bayliss, A, Beck, JW, Blackwell, PG, Bronk Ramsey, C, Buck, CE, Burr, GS, Edwards, RL, Friedrich, M, Grootes, PM, Guilderson, TP, Hajdas, I, Heaton, TJ, Hogg, AG, Hughen, KA, Kaiser, KF, Kromer, B, McCormac, FG, Manning, SW, Reimer, RW, Richards, DA, Southon, JR, Talamo, S, Turney, CSM, van der Plicht, J, Weyhenmeyer, CE. 2009. IntCal09 and Marine09 radiocarbon age calibration curves, 0–50,000 years cal BP. Radiocarbon 51(4):1111–50.
Ren, G. 2007. Changes in forest cover in China during the Holocene. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 16(2–3):119–26.
Ren, G, Beug, H-J. 2002. Mapping Holocene pollen data and vegetation of China. Quaternary Science Reviews 21(12):1395–422.
Ren, G, Zhang, L. 1998. A preliminary mapped summary of Holocene pollen data for Northeast China. Quaternary Science Reviews 17(6):669–88.
Ruddiman, WF. 2003. The anthropogenic greenhouse era began thousands of years ago. Climatic Change 61(3):261–93.
Saito, Y, Yang, Z, Hori, K. 2001. The Huanghe (Yellow River) and Changjiang (Yangtze River) deltas: a review on their characteristics, evolution and sediment discharge during the Holocene. Geomorphology 41(2):219–31.
Stallard, RF. 1998. Terrestrial sedimentation and the carbon cycle: coupling weathering and erosion to carbon burial. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 12(2):231–57.
Stanley, DJ, Hait, AK. 2000. Deltas, radiocarbon dating, and measurements of sediment storage and subsidence. Geology 28(4):295–8.
Stanley, DJ, Warne, AG. 1994. Worldwide initiation of Holocene marine deltas by deceleration of sea-level rise. Science 265(5169):228–31.
Tockner, K, Stanford, JA. 2002. Riverine flood plains: present state and future trends. Environmental Conservation 29(3):308–30.
Tranvik, LJ, Downing, JA, Cotner, JB, Loiselle, SA, Striegl, RG, Ballatore, TJ, Dillon, P, Finlay, K, Fortino, K, Knoll, LB. 2009. Lakes and reservoirs as regulators of carbon cycling and climate. Limnology and Oceanography 54(6):2298–314.
Wu, C, Xu, Q, Zhang, X, Ma, Y. 1996a. Palaeochannels on the North China Plain: types and distributions. Geomorphology 18(1):514.
Wu, C, Zhu, X, He, N, Ma, Y. 1996b. Compiling the map of shallow-buried palaeochannels on the North China Plain. Geomorphology 18(1):4752.
Xu, J. 1998. Naturally and anthropogenically accelerated sedimentation in the Lower Yellow River, China, over the past 13,000 years. Geografiska Annaler: Series A, Physical Geography 80(1):6778.
Xu, J. 2003. Sedimentation rates in the lower Yellow River over the past 2300 years as influenced by human activities and climate change. Hydrological Processes 17(16):3359–71.
Xu, J, Sun, J. 2003. Sedimentation rate change in the lower Yellow River in the past 2300 years. Acta Geographica Sinica 58(2):247–54. In Chinese with English abstract.
Xu, Q, Wu, C, Zhu, X, Yang, X. 1996. Palaeochannels on the North China Plain: stage division and palaeoenvironments. Geomorphology 18(1):1525.
Ye, H, Shedlock, K, Hellinger, S, Sclater, J. 1985. The North China Basin: an example of a Cenozoic rifted intraplate basin. Tectonics 4(2):153–69.
Yi, S, Saito, Y, Oshima, H, Zhou, Y, Wei, H. 2003. Holocene environmental history inferred from pollen assemblages in the Huanghe (Yellow River) delta, China: climatic change and human impact. Quaternary Science Reviews 22(5):609–28.
Yu, S-Y, Berglund, BE, Sandgren, P, Colman, SM. 2007. Holocene organic carbon burial rates in the southeastern Swedish Baltic Sea. The Holocene 17(5):673–81.
Zhang, W, Han, M, Li, Y. 2003. The causes of disappearance of ancient lakes in south coast plain of Laizhou Bay, Shandong Province. Journal of Palaeogeography 5(2):224–31. In Chinese with English abstract.
Zhang, Z, Nie, X, Bian, X. 2004. Environmental change of lakes in Xiaoqinghe River drainage, Shandong Province. Journal of Palaeogeography 6(2):226–33. In Chinese with English abstract.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed