Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Radiocarbon and Thermoluminescence Dating of Prehistoric Sites in Hungary and Yugoslavia

  • Lázár Benkö, Ferenc Horváth, Nada Horvatinčić and Bogomil Obelić

Abstract

Direct dating by simultaneous independent physical methods is of particular interest to prehistoric archaeology in central Europe. Radiocarbon and thermoluminescence measurements were made to date two tell settlements in the Carpathian Basin: the Late Neolithic site at Gorzsa (southeast Hungary) and the Eneolithic site of Vučedol (east Croatia, Yugoslavia). Samples from Gorzsa span from the Szakalhát to the Proto-Tiszapolgár periods, while most important cultural layers from the Vučedol site belong to the Baden, Kostolac, and Vučedol cultures. By including some of our earlier dates from the Tiszapolgár-Basatanya Copper Age site, a chronological framework, spanning the period from Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age can be established. The quartz inclusion technique was used for TL dating of pottery. Beta and gamma dose rates were determined by TL dosimetry. Allowances were made for supralinearity, water content, and beta attenuation in quartz grains. The TL ages range from 1900 to 4300 BC and 3600 to 2900 BC, for the Gorzsa and Vučedol sites, respectively.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Radiocarbon and Thermoluminescence Dating of Prehistoric Sites in Hungary and Yugoslavia
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Radiocarbon and Thermoluminescence Dating of Prehistoric Sites in Hungary and Yugoslavia
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Radiocarbon and Thermoluminescence Dating of Prehistoric Sites in Hungary and Yugoslavia
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

Corresponding author

* Institute of Isotopes of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, POB 77, 1525 Budapest, Hungary
** Móra Ferenc Museum, POB 474, 6701 Szeged, Hungary
Ruder Bošković Institute, POB 1060, 41001 Zagreb, Yugoslavia

References

Hide All
Aitken, M J, 1985, Thermoluminescence dating: London, Academic Press.
Benkö, L, 1983, TL properties of individual quartz grains: PACT, v 9, p 175181.
Benkö, L and Bognár-Kutzián, I, 1988, Investigation of two Copper Age cultures by means of TL dating: Nuclear Tracks, v 14, p 287294.
Bognár-Kutzián, I, 1963, The Copper Age cemetery of Tiszapolgár-Basatanya: Budapest, Hungarian Acad Sci.
Bognár-Kutzián, I and Csongor, É, 1987, New results of radiocarbon dating of archaeological finds in Hungary, in Pécsi, M and Kordos, L, eds, Holocene environment in Hungary, INQUA cong, 12th, Proc, Ottawa, Canada: Geog Research Inst, Hungarian Acad Sci.
Csongor, É, Bognár-Kutzián, I, Szabó, I and Hertelendi, E, 1983, Radiocarbon dating of Holocene bone samples in Hungary: PACT, v 8, p 385390.
Fleming, S J, 1970, Thermoluminescence dating: refinement of the quartz inclusion method: Archaeometry, v 12, p 133147.
Gimbutas, M, 1980, The Kurgan wave (c 3400–3200 BC) into Europe and the following transformation of culture: Jour Indoeuropean Studies, v 8, 273315.
Haskell, E H, 1983, Beta dose-rate determination: preliminary results from an interlaboratory calibration of techniques: PACT, v 9, p 7785.
Horváth, F, 1982, The Late Neolithic stratum of the Gorzsa tell: Archeologiai Értesítö (Budapest), v 109, p 201222.
Horvatinčić, N, Obelić, B, Srdoč, D, Durman, A, Benkö, L and Sliepčević, A, in press, Radiocarbon and TL dating of the Eneolithic site Vučedol in East Croatia, Yugoslavia, in Internatl symposium, Archaeology and 14C, 2nd, Proc: PACT.
Horvatinčić, N, Srdoč, D, Obelić, B and Sliepčević, A, 1973, Radiocarbon dating of fossil bones; development of a new technique for sample processing, in Mook, W G and Waterbolk, H T, eds, Internatl symposium, 14C and Archaeology, 1st, Proc: PACT, v 8, p 377384.
Longin, R, 1971, New method of collagen extraction for radiocarbon dating: Nature, v 230, p 231242.
Mejdahl, v, 1979, Thermoluminescence dating: beta-dose attenuation in quartz grains: Archaeometry, v 21, p 6173.
Neustupný, E 1968, Absolute chronology of the Neolithic and Eneolithic periods in central and south-east Europe: Slovenska archeol, v XVI–1, p 1960.
Protsch, , Rand Weninger, B, 1984, Frankfurt radiocarbon dates I: Radiocarbon, v 26, no. 2, p 185195.
Srdoč, D, Breyer, B and Sliepčević, A 1971, Ruder Bošković radiocarbon measurements I: Radiocarbon, v 13, no. 1, p 135140.
Srdoč, D, Sliepčević, A and Breyer, B 1971, Radiocarbon dating of archaeologic samples of biological origin: Rad, Yugoslavian Acad Sci & Arts, v 349, p 109157.
Stuiver, M and Polach, H A, 1977, Discussion: Reporting of 14C data: Radiocarbon v 19 no 3, p 355363.
Stuiver, M and Reimer, P J, 1986, A computer program for radiocarbon age calibration in Stuiver, M and Kra, R S, eds, Internatl 14C conf, 12th, Proc: Radiocarbon v 28, no. 2B, p 10221030.
Valladas, G and Valladas, H, 1983, A variant of the thermoluminescence technique for beta-ray dosimetry: PACT, v 6, p 7376.
Zimmerman, D W, 1971, Thermoluminescent dating using fine grains from pottery Archaeometry, v 13, p 2952.

Radiocarbon and Thermoluminescence Dating of Prehistoric Sites in Hungary and Yugoslavia

  • Lázár Benkö, Ferenc Horváth, Nada Horvatinčić and Bogomil Obelić

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed