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Integration of the Old and New Lake Suigetsu (Japan) Terrestrial Radiocarbon Calibration Data Sets

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 February 2016

Richard A Staff
Affiliation:
Oxford Radiocarbon Accelerator Unit (ORAU), Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of Art (RLAHA), University of Oxford, Dyson Perrins Building, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QY, United Kingdom
Gordon Schlolaut
Affiliation:
GFZ German Research Center for Geoscience, Section 5.2: Climate Dynamics and Landscape Evolution, Telegrafenberg, D-14473 Potsdam, Germany
Christopher Bronk Ramsey
Affiliation:
Oxford Radiocarbon Accelerator Unit (ORAU), Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of Art (RLAHA), University of Oxford, Dyson Perrins Building, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QY, United Kingdom
Fiona Brock
Affiliation:
Oxford Radiocarbon Accelerator Unit (ORAU), Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of Art (RLAHA), University of Oxford, Dyson Perrins Building, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QY, United Kingdom
Charlotte L Bryant
Affiliation:
NERC Radiocarbon Facility-East Kilbride, Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre (SUERC), Scottish Enterprise Technology Park, Rankine Avenue, East Kilbride G75 0QF, United Kingdom
Hiroyuki Kitagawa
Affiliation:
Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan
Johannes van der Plicht
Affiliation:
Centre for Isotope Research, University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands Faculty of Archaeology, University of Leiden, Leiden, Netherlands
Michael H Marshall
Affiliation:
Institute of Geography and Earth Sciences, Aberystwyth University, Aberystwyth SY23 3DB, United Kingdom
Achim Brauer
Affiliation:
GFZ German Research Center for Geoscience, Section 5.2: Climate Dynamics and Landscape Evolution, Telegrafenberg, D-14473 Potsdam, Germany
Henry F Lamb
Affiliation:
Institute of Geography and Earth Sciences, Aberystwyth University, Aberystwyth SY23 3DB, United Kingdom
Rebecca L Payne
Affiliation:
Department of Geography, University of Newcastle, Newcastle-upon-Tyne NE1 7RU, United Kingdom
Pavel E Tarasov
Affiliation:
Institute of Geological Sciences, Palaeontology, Freie Universität Berlin, Malteserstrasse 74-100, Building D, 12249 Berlin, Germany
Tsuyoshi Haraguchi
Affiliation:
Graduate School of Sciences, Osaka City University, 3-3-138 Sugimoto, Sumiyoshi-ku, Osaka 558-8585, Japan
Katsuya Gotanda
Affiliation:
Faculty of Policy Informatics, Chiba University of Commerce, Chiba 272-8512, Japan
Hitoshi Yonenobu
Affiliation:
College of Education, Naruto University of Education, Naruto 772-8502, Japan
Yusuke Yokoyama
Affiliation:
Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Chiba 277-8564, Japan
Takeshi Nakagawa
Affiliation:
Department of Geography, University of Newcastle, Newcastle-upon-Tyne NE1 7RU, United Kingdom
Corresponding
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Abstract

The varved sediment profile of Lake Suigetsu, central Japan, offers an ideal opportunity from which to derive a terrestrial record of atmospheric radiocarbon across the entire range of the 14C dating method. Previous work by Kitagawa and van der Plicht (1998a,b, 2000) provided such a data set; however, problems with the varve-based age scale of their SG93 sediment core precluded the use of this data set for 14C calibration purposes. Lake Suigetsu was re-cored in summer 2006, with the retrieval of overlapping sediment cores from 4 parallel boreholes enabling complete recovery of the sediment profile for the present “Suigetsu Varves 2006” project (Nakagawa et al. 2012). Over 550 14C determinations have been obtained from terrestrial plant macrofossils picked from the latter SG06 composite sediment core, which, coupled with the core's independent varve chronology, provides the only non-reservoir-corrected 14C calibration data set across the 14C dating range.

Here, physical matching of archive U-channel sediment from SG93 to the continuous SG06 sediment profile is presented. We show the excellent agreement between the respective projects' 14C data sets, allowing the integration of 243 14C determinations from the original SG93 project into a composite Lake Suigetsu 14C calibration data set comprising 808 individual 14C determinations, spanning the last 52,800 cal yr.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 by the Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona 

References

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