Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Extended Radiocarbon Calibration in the Anglo-Saxon Period, AD 395–485 and AD 735–805

  • F G McCormac (a1), A Bayliss (a2), D M Brown (a1), P J Reimer (a1) and M M Thompson (a1)...

Abstract

Radiocarbon dating has been used infrequently as a chronological tool for research in Anglo-Saxon archaeology. Primarily, this is because the uncertainty of calibrated dates provides little advantage over traditional archaeological dating in this period. Recent advances in Bayesian methodology in conjunction with high-precision 14C dating have, however, created the possibility of both testing and refining the established Anglo-Saxon chronologies based on typology of artifacts. The calibration process within such a confined age range, however, relies heavily on the structural accuracy of the calibration curve. We have previously reported decadal measurements on a section of the Irish oak chronology for the period AD 495–725 (McCormac et al. 2004). In this paper, we present decadal measurements for the periods AD 395–485 and AD 735–805, which extends the original calibration set.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Extended Radiocarbon Calibration in the Anglo-Saxon Period, AD 395–485 and AD 735–805
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Extended Radiocarbon Calibration in the Anglo-Saxon Period, AD 395–485 and AD 735–805
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Extended Radiocarbon Calibration in the Anglo-Saxon Period, AD 395–485 and AD 735–805
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

Corresponding author

Corresponding author. Email: f.mccormac@qub.ac.uk

References

Hide All
Baillie, MGL. 1982. Tree-Ring Dating and Archaeology. London: Croom-Helm. 274 p.
Bronk Ramsey, C. 1995. Radiocarbon calibration and analysis of stratigraphy: the OxCal program. Radiocarbon 37(2):425–30.
Brown, DM. 2007. The earliest Irish horizontal tidal mill from Nendrum, Co. Down: a dendrochronological perspective. In: McErlean, T, Crothers, N. Harnessing the Tides: The Early Medieval Monastic Tide Mills at Nendrum Monastery, Strangford Lough. London: The Stationery Office. 200 p.
Buck, CE, Cavanagh, WG, Litton, CD. 1996. Bayesian Approach to Interpreting Archaeological Data. Chichester: Wiley. 382 p.
Greenacre, MJ. 1984. Theory and Applications of Correspondence Analysis. London: Academic Press. 364 p.
Greenacre, MJ. 1992. Correspondence Analysis in Practice. London: Academic Press. 256 p.
Høilund Nielsen, K. 1995. From artefact to interpretation using correspondence analysis. Anglo-Saxon Studies in Archaeology and History 8:111–43.
Hoper, ST, McCormac, FG, Hogg, AG, Higham, TFG, Head, MJ. 1998. Evaluation of wood pretreatments on oak and cedar. Radiocarbon 40(1):4550.
Long, A, Kalin, RM. 1992. High-sensitivity radiocarbon dating in the 50,000 to 75,000 BP range without isotopic enrichment. Radiocarbon 34(3):351–9.
McCormac, FG, Kalin, RM, Long, A. 1993. Radiocarbon dating beyond 50,000 years by liquid scintillation counting. In: Noakes, JE, Schönhofer, F, Polach, HA, editors. Liquid Scintillation Spectrometry 1992. Tucson: Radiocarbon. p 125–33.
McCormac, FG, Hogg, AG, Higham, TFG, Baillie, MGL, Palmer, JG, Xiong, L, Pilcher, JR, Brown, D, Hoper, ST. 1998. Variations of radiocarbon in tree rings: Southern Hemisphere offset preliminary results. Radiocarbon 40(3):1153–9.
McCormac, FG, Thompson, M, Brown, DM. 2001. Characterisation, optimisation and standard measurements for two small-sample high-precision radiocarbon counters. Centre for Archaeology Report 8/2001. Portsmouth: English Heritage. 23 p.
McCormac, FG, Bayliss, A, Baillie, MGL, Brown, DM. 2004. Radiocarbon calibration in the Anglo-Saxon period: AD 495–725. Radiocarbon 46(3):1123–5.
Munro, MAR. 1984. An improved algorithm for cross-dating tree-ring series. Tree-Ring Bulletin 44:1727.
Pearson, GW, Pilcher, JR, Baillie, MGL, Corbett, DM, Qua, F. 1986. High-precision 14C measurement of Irish oaks to show the natural 14C variations from AD 1840 to 5210 BC. Radiocarbon 28(2B):911–34.
Reimer, PJ, Baillie, MGL, Bard, E, Bayliss, A, Beck, JW, Bertrand, CJH, Blackwell, PG, Buck, CE, Burr, GS, Cutler, KB, Damon, PE, Edwards, RL, Fairbanks, RG, Friedrich, M, Guilderson, TP, Hogg, AG, Hughen, KA, Kromer, B, McCormac, G, Manning, S, Bronk Ramsey, C, Reimer, RW, Remmele, S, Southon, JR, Stuiver, M, Talamo, S, Taylor, FW, van der Plicht, J, Weyhenmeyer, CE. 2004. IntCal04 terrestrial radiocarbon age calibration, 0–26 cal kyr BP. Radiocarbon 46(3):1029–58.
Stuiver, M, Becker, B. 1986. High-precision decadal calibration of the radiocarbon time scale, AD 1950–2500 BC. Radiocarbon 28(2B):863910.
Stuiver, M, Reimer, PJ. 1993. Extended 14C data base and revised CALIB 3.0 14C age calibration program. Radiocarbon 35(1):215–30.
Stuiver, M, Reimer, PJ, Bard, E, Beck, JW, Burr, GS, Hughen, KA, Kromer, B, McCormac, G, van der Plicht, J, Spurk, M. 1998a. IntCal98 radiocarbon age calibration, 24,000–0 cal BP. Radiocarbon 40(3):1041–84.
Stuiver, M, Reimer, PJ, Braziunas, TF. 1998b. High-precision radiocarbon age calibration for terrestrial and marine samples. Radiocarbon 40(3):1127–51.
Ward, GK, Wilson, SR. 1978. Procedures for comparing and combining radiocarbon age determinations: a critique. Archaeometry 20(1):1931.
Wilson, JE, McCormac, FG, Hogg, AG. 1996. Small sample high-precision 14C dating: characterization of vials and counter optimization. In: Cook, GT, Harkness, DD, MacKenzie, AB, Miller, BF, Scott, EM, editors. Liquid Scintillation Spectrometry 1994. Tucson: Radiocarbon. p 5965.
Witkin, D, Kalin, RM, Long, A, Rigali, MJ, Nagy, B. 1993. Production of impurities in benzene synthesis for liquid scintillation counting and its effect on high-precision radiocarbon measurements. In: Noakes, JE, Schönhofer, F, Polach, HA, editors. Liquid Scintillation Spectrometry 1992. Tucson: Radiocarbon. p 115–24.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed