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Hydrological Changes After the Last Ice Retreat in Northern Poland Using Radiocarbon Dating

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 February 2016

Danuta J Michczyńska
GADAM Centre of Excellence, Institute of Physics - CSE, Silesian University of Technology, Krzywoustego 2, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
Leszek Starkel
Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Department of Geomorphology and Hydrology of Mountains and Uplands PAS, św. Jana 22, 31-018 Kraków, Poland
Dorota Nalepka
W. Szafer Institute of Botany PAS, Lubicz 46, 31-512 Kraków, Poland
Anna Pazdur
GADAM Centre of Excellence, Institute of Physics - CSE, Silesian University of Technology, Krzywoustego 2, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland


A simplified model of hydrological changes during the Late Glacial and Holocene is presented for the northern Polish regions that were ice covered during the Last Glacial. This reconstruction is based on a group of 197 radiocarbon dates from about 120 localities reflecting the sequence of alternating lake transgressions and regressions. The earliest transgressions were related to dead-ice melting (sometimes in 2–3 phases), while the later ones started during more humid phases. However, these were usually followed by regressions, which may have been connected with the formation of new drainage systems and with the overgrowing of shallow lakes by peat bogs.

Paleoclimatology and Paleohydrology
Copyright © 2013 by the Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona 

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