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Published online by Cambridge University Press:  17 October 2022

Danuta J Michczyńska*
Silesian University of Technology, Institute of Physics–CSE, Division of Geochronology and Environmental Isotopes, Gliwice, Poland
Danuta A Dzieduszyńska
University of Łódź, Faculty of Geographical Sciences, Department of Geology and Geomorphology, Poland
Joanna Petera-Zganiacz
University of Łódź, Faculty of Geographical Sciences, Department of Geology and Geomorphology, Poland
Lucyna Wachecka-Kotkowska
University of Łódź, Faculty of Geographical Sciences, Department of Geology and Geomorphology, Poland
Dariusz Krzyszkowski
University of Wrocław, Institute of Geography and Regional Development, Poland
Dariusz Wieczorek
Polish Geological Institute – National Research Institute, Holy Cross Branch of Jan Czarnocki in Kielce, Poland
Małgorzata Ludwikowska-Kędzia
Jan Kochanowski University, Institute of Geography and Environmental Sciences, Kielce, Poland
Piotr Gębica
University of Rzeszów, Institute of Archaeology, Poland
Leszek Starkel
Polish Academy of Sciences, Stanisław Leszczycki Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Kraków, Poland
*Corresponding author. Email:


Terrestrial environments tend to be characterized by an incomplete record of past conditions. For the MIS 3–2 periods, there is only one known site in Poland—Horoszki Duże—in which a probably continuous record of climate change has been preserved. However, this site does not have any high precision multi-proxy analyses. In the absence of continuous high-resolution records, we decided to gather and analyze scattered information. We assembled data originating from various sites in Poland and checked whether the available results of 14C and luminescence dating presented in the form of probability density distributions (PDF) and kernel density estimation (KDE) models would allow their reinterpretation. The data were compared to the Greenland isotope curve to see whether they were consistent with the hypothesis that the number of “warming-cooling” cycles recorded in the examined sediments was of the same order as in those ice-core records. Previously in Poland, usually only two interstadial periods (i.e., Hengelo and Denekamp, 36–38.6 and 28–32 14C kBP, respectively) have been identified in the discussed period. The joint analysis of data from a larger area revealed more warming-cooling events than recorded from individual sites.

Conference Paper
© The Author(s), 2022. Published by Cambridge University Press for the Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona

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Selected Papers from the 3rd Radiocarbon in the Environment Conference, Gliwice, Poland, 5–9 July 2021



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