Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Using 10Be exposure dating to constrain glacial advances during the late glacial and Holocene on Mount Xuebaoding, eastern Tibetan Plateau

  • Beibei Liu (a1), Zhijiu Cui (a1), Xu Peng (a1), Yesong Han (a1) and Gengnian Liu (a1)...

Abstract

Moraines preserved around Mount Xuebaoding (5588 m above sea level) on the eastern margin of the Tibetan Plateau, represent past glacial activity in this area. The chronology of these moraines was established using 10Be exposure dating. The dating results revealed multiple glacial events prior to the late glacial (>14.1±2.2 ka), the late glacial (15.6±1.6 to 11.2±3.0 ka), the early-middle Holocene (9.1±0.9 to 6.7±0.7 ka), and the Neoglacial periods (2.5±0.5 to 1.5±0.1 ka). These glacial stages are consistent with the recalculated ages from surrounding areas throughout the Indian and East Asian monsoon-influenced region on the eastern Tibetan Plateau. Comparing with other paleoclimate indexes, we suggest that the late glacial event was mainly driven by low temperature, the early–middle Holocene event by high precipitation, and the late Holocene/Neoglacial event by low temperature.

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author at: College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China. E-mail address: liugn@pku.edu.cn (G. Liu).

References

Hide All
Balco, G., 2011. Contributions and unrealized potential contributions of cosmogenic-nuclide exposure dating to glacier chronology, 1990–2010. Quaternary Science Reviews 30, 327.
Balco, G., Schaefer, J.M., 2006. Cosmogenic-nuclide and varve chronologies for the deglaciation of southern New England. Quaternary Geochronology 1, 1528.
Barrows, T.T., Stone, J.O., Fifield, L.K., Cresswell, R.G., 2002. The timing of the last glacial maximum in Australia. Quaternary Science Reviews 21, 159173.
Balco, G., Stone, J.O., Lifton, N.A., Dunai, T.J., 2008. A complete and easily accessible means of calculating surface exposure ages or erosion rates from 10Be and 26Al measurements. Quaternary Geochronology 3, 174195.
Benn, D.I., Lehmkuhl, F., 2000. Mass balance and equilibrium-line altitudes of glaciers in high-mountain environments. Quaternary International 65, 1529.
Berger, A., Loutre, M.F., 1991. Insoulation values for the climate of the last 10 million years. Quaternary Science Reviews 10, 297317.
Bond, G., Showers, W., Cheseby, M., Lotti, R., Almasi, P., Priore, P., Cullen, H., Hajdas, I., Bonani, G., 1997. A pervasive millennial-scale cycle in North Atlantic Holocene and glacial climates. Science 278, 12571266.
Borchers, B., Marrero, S., Balco, G., Caffee, M., Goehring, B., Lifton, N., Nishiizumi, K., Phillips, F., Schaefer, J., Stone, J., 2016. Geological calibration of spallation production rates in the CRONUS-Earth project. Quaternary Geochronology 31, 188198.
Cao, J., Guo, J., 2001. Quaternary ice age division and paleoclimate and paleoenvironment in the Huanglong Nature Reserve, Songpan. Acta Geologica Sichuan 21, 141146.
Chauvenet, W., 1960. A Manual of Spherical and Practical Astronomy. 5th ed., 2 vols. Dover Publication, New York.
Chen, Y., Li, Y., Wang, Y., Zhang, M., Cui, Z., Yi, C., Liu, G., 2015. Late Quaternary glacial history of the Karlik Range, easternmost Tian Shan, derived from 10Be surface exposure and optically stimulated luminescence datings. Quaternary Science Reviews 115, 1727.
Chmeleff, J., von Blanckenburg, F., Kossert, K., Jakob, D., 2010. Determination of the 10Be half-life by multicollector ICP-MS and liquid scintillation counting. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 268, 192199.
Davis, P.T., Menounos, B., Osborn, G., 2009. Holocene and latest Pleistocene alpine glacier fluctuations: a global perspective. Quaternary Science Reviews 28, 20212033.
Dong, G., Huang, F., Yi, C., Liu, X., Zhou, W., Caffee, M.W., 2016. Mid-late Pleistocene glacial evolution in the Grove Mountains, East Antarctica, constraints from cosmogenic 10Be surface exposure dating of glacial erratic cobbles. Quaternary Science Reviews 145, 7181.
Dortch, J.M., Owen, L.A., Haneberg, W.C., Caffee, M.W., Dietsch, C., Kamp, U., 2009. Nature and timing of large landslides in the Himalaya and Transhimalaya of northern India. Quaternary Science Reviews 28, 10371054.
Douglass, D., Singer, B., Kaplan, M., Mickelson, D., Caffee, M., 2006. Cosmogenic nuclide surface exposure dating of boulders on last-glacial and late-glacial moraines, Lago Buenos Aires, Argentina: interpretive strategies and paleoclimate implications. Quaternary Geochronology 1, 4358.
Dutt, S., Gupta, A.K., Clemens, S.C., Cheng, H., Singh, R.K., Kathayat, G., Edwards, R.L., 2015. Abrupt changes in Indian summer monsoon strength during 33,800 to 5500 years BP. Geophysical Research Letters 42, 55265532.
Fu, P., Stroeven, A.P., Harbor, J.M., Hättestrand, C., Heyman, J., Caffee, M.W., Zhou, L., 2013. Paleoglaciation of Shaluli Shan, southeastern Tibetan Plateau. Quaternary Science Reviews 64, 121135.
Graf, A., Strasky, S., Zhao, Z., Akçar, N., Ivy-Ochs, S., Kubik, P., Christl, M., Kasper, H., Wieler, R., Schlüchter, C., 2008). Glacier Extension on the Eastern Tibetan Plateau in Response to MIS 2 Cooling, With a Contribution to 10 Be and 21 Ne Methodology Glacial Response To Global Climate Changes: Cosmogenic Nuclide Chronologies from High and Low Latitudes. PhD dissertation, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.
Grootes, P., Stuiver, M., White, J., Johnsen, S., Jouzel, J., 1993. Comparison of oxygen isotope records from the GISP2 and GRIP Greenland ice cores. Nature 366, 552554.
Guo, W., Xu, J., Liu, S., Shangguan, D., Wu, L., Yao, X., Zhao, J., Liu, Q., Jiang, Z., Li, P., 2014). The second glacier inventory dataset of China (version 1.0). Cold and Arid Regions Science Data Center, Lanzhou, China. http://dx.doi.org/10.3972/glacier.001.2013.db.
Heyman, J., 2014. Paleoglaciation of the Tibetan Plateau and surrounding mountains based on exposure ages and ELA depression estimates. Quaternary Science Reviews 91, 3041.
Heyman, J., Stroeven, A.P., Harbor, J.M., Caffee, M.W., 2011. Too young or too old: evaluating cosmogenic exposure dating based on an analysis of compiled boulder exposure ages. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 302, 7180.
Hong, Y., Hong, B., Lin, Q., Zhu, Y., Shibata, Y., Hirota, M., Uchida, M., Leng, X., Jiang, H., Xu, H., 2003. Correlation between Indian Ocean summer monsoon and North Atlantic climate during the Holocene. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 211, 371380.
Hu, G., Yi, C.-L., Zhang, J.-F., Liu, J.-H., Jiang, T., Li, S.-H., 2016. Late Quaternary glacial advances in the eastern Qilianshan, north-eastern Tibet, as inferred from luminescence dating of fluvioglacial sediments. Journal of Quaternary Science 31, 587597.
Kern, Z., László, P., 2010. Size specific steady-state accumulation-area ratio: an improvement for equilibrium-line estimation of small palaeoglaciers. Quaternary Science Reviews 29, 27812787.
Kohl, C., Nishiizumi, K., 1992. Chemical isolation of quartz for measurement of in-situ-produced cosmogenic nuclides. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 56, 35833587.
Korschinek, G., Bergmaier, A., Faestermann, T., Gerstmann, U., Knie, K., Rugel, G., Wallner, A., Dillmann, I., Dollinger, G., Von Gostomski, C.L., 2010. A new value for the half-life of 10Be by heavy-ion elastic recoil detection and liquid scintillation counting. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 268, 187191.
Lal, D., 1991. Cosmic ray labeling of erosion surfaces: in situ nuclide production rates and erosion models. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 104, 424439.
Lasserre, C., Gaudemer, Y., Tapponnier, P., Mériaux, A.S., Van der Woerd, J., Daoyang, Y., Ryerson, F.J., Finkel, R.C., Caffee, M.W., 2002. Fast late Pleistocene slip rate on the Leng Long Ling segment of the Haiyuan fault, Qinghai, China. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 107, 22762291.
Lehmkuhl, F., Owen, L.A., 2005. Late Quaternary glaciation of Tibet and the bordering mountains: a review. Boreas 34, 87100.
Li, Y., 2013. Determining topographic shielding from digital elevation models for cosmogenic nuclide analysis: a GIS approach and field validation. Journal of Mountain Science 10, 355362.
Li, Y., Li, Y., Harbor, J., Liu, G., Yi, C., Caffee, M.W., 2016. Cosmogenic 10Be constraints on Little Ice Age glacial advances in the eastern Tian Shan, China. Quaternary Science Reviews 138, 105118.
Li, Y., Liu, G., Chen, Y., Li, Y., Harbor, J., Stroeven, A.P., Caffee, M., Zhang, M., Li, C., Cui, Z., 2014. Timing and extent of Quaternary glaciations in the Tianger Range, eastern Tian Shan, China, investigated using 10Be surface exposure dating. Quaternary Science Reviews 98, 723.
Li, Z., Wang, M., Chen, Z., 1989. Discussion on divide and comparison of Quaternary glacial periods in western China. In: Gao, S., Zheng, Y. (Eds.), Hengduan Mountains Studies. Sichuan Science and Technology Publishing House, Sichuan, China, pp. 3749.
Liu, J., Yi, C., Li, Y., Bi, W., Zhang, Q., Hu, G., 2017. Glacial fluctuations around the Karola Pass, eastern Lhagoi Kangri Range, since the Last Glacial Maximum. Journal of Quaternary Science 32, 516527.
Luo, L., 1983. The summit of the Min mountain range-Xuebaoding. Journal of the Southwest Teachers College 27, 131140.
Manley, G., 1961. The late‐glacial climate of north‐west England. Geological Journal 2, 188215.
Meier, M.F., Post, A., 1962. Recent variations in mass net budgets of glaciers in western North America. International Association of Hydrological Sciences Publication 58, 6377.
Nishiizumi, K., Elmore, D., Ma, X., Arnold, J., 1984. 10Be and 36Cl depth profiles in an Apollo 15 drill core. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 70, 157163.
Nishiizumi, K., Imamura, M., Caffee, M.W., Southon, J.R., Finkel, R.C., McAninch, J., 2007. Absolute calibration of 10Be AMS standards. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 258, 403413.
Ou, X., Lai, Z., Zhou, S., Zeng, L., 2014. Timing of glacier fluctuations and trigger mechanisms in eastern Qinghai–Tibetan Plateau during the late Quaternary. Quaternary Research 81, 464475.
Owen, L.A., Caffee, M.W., Finkel, R.C., Seong, Y.B., 2008. Quaternary glaciation of the Himalayan–Tibetan orogen. Journal of Quaternary Science 23, 513531.
Owen, L.A., Finkel, R.C., Barnard, P.L., Haizhou, M., Asahi, K., Caffee, M.W., Derbyshire, E., 2005. Climatic and topographic controls on the style and timing of Late Quaternary glaciation throughout Tibet and the Himalaya defined by 10Be cosmogenic radionuclide surface exposure dating. Quaternary Science Reviews 24, 13911411.
Owen, L.A., Finkel, R.C., Haizhou, M., Spencer, J.Q., Derbyshire, E., Barnard, P.L., Caffee, M.W., 2003aTiming and style of Late Quaternary glaciation in northeastern Tibet. Geological Society of America 115, 13561364.
Owen, L.A., Ma, H., Derbyshire, E., Spencer, J.Q., Barnard, P.L., Zeng, Y.N., Finkel, R., Caffee, M., 2003bThe timing and style of Late Quaternary glaciation in the La Ji Mountains, NE Tibet: evidence for restricted glaciation during the latter part of the Last Glacial. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie 130, 263276.
Owen, L.A., Robinson, R., Benn, D.I., Finkel, R.C., Davis, N.K., Yi, C., Putkonen, J., Li, D., Murray, A.S., 2009. Quaternary glaciation of Mount Everest. Quaternary Science Reviews 28, 14121433.
Owen, L.A., Spencer, J.Q., Haizhou, M.A., Barnard, P.L., Derbyshire, E., Finkel, R.C., Caffee, M.W., Nian, Z.Y., 2003cTiming of Late Quaternary glaciation along the southwestern slopes of the Qilian Shan, Tibet. Boreas 32, 281291.
Qian, H., Ma, S., Gong, Y., 1995. Discussions on the Minjiang Fault. Earthquake Research in China 11, 140146.
Ross, S.M., 2003. Peirce’s criterion for the elimination of suspect experimental data. Journal of Engineering Technology 20, 3841.
Schäfer, J.M., 2000. Reconstruction of landscape evolution and continental paleoglaciations using in-situ cosmogenic nuclides.
Schaefer, J.M., Oberholzer, P., Zhao, Z., Ivy-Ochs, S., Wieler, R., Baur, H., Kubik, P.W., Schlüchter, C., 2008. Cosmogenic beryllium-10 and neon-21 dating of late Pleistocene glaciations in Nyalam, monsoonal Himalayas. Quaternary Science Reviews 27, 295311.
Schäfer, J.M., Tschudi, S., Zhao, Z., Wu, X., Ivy-Ochs, S., Wieler, R., Baur, H., Kubik, P.W., Schlüchter, C., 2002. . The limited influence of glaciations in Tibet on global climate over the past 170 000 yr. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 194, 287297.
Seong, Y.B., Owen, L.A., Yi, C., Finkel, R.C., 2009. Quaternary glaciation of Muztag Ata and Kongur Shan: Evidence for glacier response to rapid climate changes throughout the Late Glacial and Holocene in westernmost Tibet. Geological Society of America Bulletin 121, 348365.
Shi, Y., Cui, Z., Su, Z., 2006. Glaciations and Envitonmental Variations in China. Hebei Science and Tecnology Press, Hebei.
Solomina, O.N., Bradley, R.S., Hodgson, D.A., Ivy-Ochs, S., Jomelli, V., Mackintosh, A.N., Nesje, A., Owen, L.A., Wanner, H., Wiles, G.C., Young, N.E., 2015. Holocene glacier fluctuations. Quaternary Science Reviews 111, 934.
Stone, J.O., 2000. Air pressure and cosmogenic isotope production. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 105, 2375323759.
Stroeven, A., Hättestrand, C., Heyman, J., Harbor, J., Li, Y., Zhou, L., Caffee, M., Alexanderson, H., Kleman, J., Ma, H., 2009. Landscape analysis of the Huang He headwaters, NE Tibetan Plateau—Patterns of glacial and fluvial erosion. Geomorphology 103, 212226.
Thompson, L.O., Yao, T., Davis, M., Henderson, K., Mosley-Thompson, E., Lin, P.-N., Beer, J., Synal, H.-A., Cole-Dai, J., Bolzan, J., 1997. Tropical climate instability: The last glacial cycle from a Qinghai-Tibetan ice core. Science 276, 18211825.
Wang, B., Clemens, S.C., Liu, P., 2003. Contrasting the Indian and East Asian monsoons: implications on geologic timescales. Marine Geology 201, 521.
Wang, J., Kassab, C., Harbor, J.M., Caffee, M.W., Cui, H., Zhang, G., 2013. Cosmogenic nuclide constraints on late Quaternary glacial chronology on the Dalijia Shan, northeastern Tibetan Plateau. Quaternary Research 79, 439451.
Wang, Y., Cheng, H., Lawrence Edwards, R., He, Y., Kong, X., An, Z., Wu, J., Kelly, M.J., Dykoski, C.A., Li, X., 2005. The Holocene Asian Monsoon: Links to Solar Changes and North Atlantic Climate. Science 308, 854857.
Xu, L., Ou, X., Lai, Z., Zhou, S., Wang, J., Fu, Y., 2010. Timing and style of Late Pleistocene glaciation in the Queer Shan, northern Hengduan Mountains in the eastern Tibetan Plateau. Journal of Quaternary Science 25, 957966.
Xu, X., Hu, G., Qiao, B., 2013. Last glacial maximum climate based on cosmogenic 10Be exposure ages and glacier modeling for the head of Tashkurgan Valley, northwest Tibetan Plateau. Quaternary Science Reviews 80, 91101.
Yang, J., Deng, T., Wang, Y., Wen, X., 1979. The Quaternary tectonic stress states over the upstream area of Minjiang River in Sichuan and its relations to earthquakes. Seismology and Geology 1, 6875.
Yi, C., Chen, H., Yang, J., Liu, B., Fu, P., Liu, K., Li, S., 2008. Review of Holocene glacial chronologies based on radiocarbon dating in Tibet and its surrounding mountains. Journal of Quaternary Science 23, 533543.
Yu, X., Zhou, W., Franzen, L.G., Xian, F., Cheng, P., Jull, A.T., 2006. High-resolution peat records for Holocene monsoon history in the eastern Tibetan Plateau. Science in China Series D 49, 615621.
Zhang, C., Mischke, S., 2009. A Late glacial and Holocene lake record from the Nianbaoyeze Mountains and inferences of lake, glacier and climate evolution on the eastern Tibetan Plateau. Quaternary Science Reviews 28, 19701983.
Zhang, M., Chen, Y., Li, Y., Liu, G., 2016a. Late Quaternary glacial history of the Nalati Range, central Tian Shan, China, investigated using 10Be surface exposure dating. Journal of Quaternary Science 31, 659670.
Zhang, W., Liu, L., Chen, Y., Liu, B., Harbor, J.M., Cui, Z., Liu, R., Liu, X., Zhao, X., 2016b. Late glacial 10Be ages for glacial landforms in the upper region of the Taibai glaciation in the Qinling Mountain range, China. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 115, 383392.
Zhao, J., Song, Y., King, J.W., Liu, S., Wang, J., Wu, M., 2010. Glacial geomorphology and glacial history of the Muzart River valley, Tianshan range, China. Quaternary Science Reviews 29, 14531463.
Zheng, B., Li, S., Wang, S., 1995. Evolution of Quaternary glacier on the surrounding mountains of the Zoige Basin. In, Tibetan Project Expert Committee (Eds.), Formation of Environmental Change and the Evolution of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau Ecological System (Annual Academic Papers). Science Press, Beijing, pp. 218226.
ZhouS., Z. S., Z., Wang, J., Xu, L., WangX., L. X., L., Colgan, P.M., Mickelson, D.M., 2010. Glacial advances in southeastern Tibet during late Quaternary and their implications for climatic changes. Quaternary International 218, 5866.

Keywords

Type Description Title
WORD
Supplementary materials

Liu et al. supplementary material 1
Liu et al. supplementary material

 Word (18 KB)
18 KB

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed