Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

New speleothem data from Molinos and Ejulve caves reveal Holocene hydrological variability in northeast Iberia

  • Ana Moreno (a1), Carlos Pérez-Mejías (a1) (a2), Miguel Bartolomé (a1) (a2), Carlos Sancho (a2), Isabel Cacho (a3), Heather Stoll (a4) (a5), Antonio Delgado-Huertas (a6), John Hellstrom (a7), R. Lawrence Edwards (a8) and Hai Cheng (a8) (a9) (a10)...

Abstract

New speleothem records from northeastern Iberian caves provide data to explore the climatic patterns during the Holocene. We present δ13C and Mg/Ca from three speleothems from two different caves located in the Iberian Range allowing replication of the climatic signal for several millennia. Through the integration of those stalagmites covering since the Holocene onset to 2 ka, the early Holocene (11.7–8.5 ka) appears as the wettest interval. A marked change towards aridity is observed during the middle Holocene (8.5–4.8 ka) and an increase of humidity afterwards (4.8–2 ka). This three-part pattern, contrasting with other Iberian sequences, seems to be associated with the different role that seasonality has played in the response of different proxies (or records) to changes in water availability. Interpreting our speleothem records as changes in winter-spring precipitation along the Holocene allows reconciling previous data on hydrological variability from the western Mediterranean borderlands.

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author at: Department of Geoenvironmental Processes and Global Change, Pyrenean Institute of Ecology – CSIC, Avenida Montañana 1005, 50059 Zaragoza, Spain. E-mail address: amoreno@ipe.csic.es (A. Moreno).

References

Hide All
Aranbarri, J., González-Sampériz, P., Valero-Garcés, B., Moreno, A., Gil-Romera, G., Sevilla-Callejo, M., García-Prieto, E., et al. 2014. Rapid climatic changes and resilient vegetation during the Lateglacial and Holocene in a continental region of south-western Europe. Global and Planetary Change 114, 5065.
Belli, R., Frisia, S., Borsato, A., Drysdale, R., Hellstrom, J., Zhao, J. X., Spötl, C., 2013. Regional climate variability and ecosystem responses to the last deglaciation in the northern hemisphere from stable isotope data and calcite fabrics in two northern Adriatic stalagmites. Quaternary Science Reviews 72, 146158.
Camarero, J.J., Gazol, A., Tardif, J.C., Conciatori, F., 2015. Attributing forest responses to global-change drivers: limited evidence of a CO 2 fertilization effect in Iberian pine growth. Journal of Biogeography 42, 22202233.
Carrión, J.S., 2002. Patterns and processes of Late Quaternary environmental change in a montane region of southwestern Europe. Quaternary Science Reviews 21, 20472066.
Carrión, J.S., Andrade, A., Bennett, K.D., Navarro, C., Munuera, M., 2001a. Crossing forest thresholds: inertia and collapse in a Holocene sequence from south-central Spain. The Holocene 11, 635653.
Carrión, J.S., Fernández, S., González-Sampériz, P., Gil-Romera, G., Badal, E., Carrión-Marco, Y., López-Merino, L., López-Sáez, J.A., Fierro, E., Burjachs, F., 2010. Expected trends and surprises in the Lateglacial and Holocene vegetation history of the Iberian Peninsula and Balearic Islands. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 162, 458475.
Carrión, J.S., Munuera, M., Dupré, M., Andrade, A., 2001b. Abrupt vegetation changes in the Segura Mountains of southern Spain throughout the Holocene. Journal of Ecology 89, 783797.
Carrión, J.S., van Geel, B., 1999. Fine-resolution Upper Weichselian and Holocene palynological record from Navarrés (Valencia, Spain) and a discussion about factors of Mediterranean forest succession. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 106, 209236.
Cheng, H., Edwards, R.L., Shen, C-C., Woodhead, J., Hellstrom, J., Wang, Y.J., Kong, X.G., Spötl, C., Wang, X.F., Alexander, Jr, E.C., 2013. Improvements in 230Th dating, 230Th and 234U half-life values, and U-Th isotopic measurements by multi-collector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 371, 8291.
Constantin, S., Bojar, A.-V., Lauritzen, S.-E., Lundberg, J., 2007. Holocene and Late Pleistocene climate in the sub-Mediterranean continental environment: A speleothem record from Poleva Cave (Southern Carpathians, Romania). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 243, 322338.
Davis, B.A.S., Stevenson, A.C., 2008. The 8.2 ka event and Early-Mid Holocene forests, fires and flooding in the Central Ebro Desert, NE Spain. Quaternary Science Reviews 26, 16951712.
de Menocal, P., Ortiz, J., Guilderson, T.P., Adkins, J.F., Sarnthein, M., Baker, L., Yarunsiky, M., 2000. Abrupt onset and termination of the African Humid Period: rapid climate responses to gradual insolation forcing. Quaternary Science Reviews 19, 347361.
Domínguez-Villar, D., Fairchild, I.J., Baker, A., Wang, X., Edwards, L.R., Cheng, H., 2009. Oxygen isotope precipitation anomaly in the North Atlantic region during the 8.2 ka event. Geology 37, 10951098.
Domínguez-Villar, D., Wang, X., Cheng, H., Martín-Chivelet, J., Edwards, R.L., 2008. A high-resolution late Holocene speleothem record from Kaite Cave, northern Spain: d18O variability and possible causes. Quaternary International 187, 4051.
Domínguez-Villar, D., Wang, X., Krklec, K., Cheng, H., Edwards, R.L., 2017. The control of the tropical North Atlantic on Holocene millennial climate oscillations. Geology 45, 303306. doi: 10.1130/G38573.1
Dreybrodt, W., Scholz, D., 2011. Climatic dependence of stable carbon and oxygen isotope signals recorded in speleothems: From soil water to speleothem calcite. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 75, 734752.
Fairchild, I.J., Baker, A., 2012. Speleothem Science: From Process to Past Environments. John Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford.
Fairchild, I.J., Treble, P.C., 2009. Trace elements in speleothems as recorders of environmental change. Quaternary Science Reviews 28, 449468.
Fletcher, W.J., Debret, M., Goñi, M.F.S., 2013. Mid-Holocene emergence of a low-frequency millennial oscillation in western Mediterranean climate: Implications for past dynamics of the North Atlantic atmospheric westerlies. The Holocene 23, 153166.
Fohlmeister, J., 2012. A statistical approach to construct composite climate records of dated archives. Quaternary Geochronology 14, 4856.
Fohlmeister, J., Schröder-Ritzrau, A., Scholz, D., Spötl, C., Riechelmann, D.F.C., Mudelsee, M., Wackerbarth, A., Gerdes, A., Riechelmann, S., Immenhauser, A., Richter, D.K., Mangini, A., 2012. Bunker Cave stalagmites: an archive for central European Holocene climate variability. Climate of the Past 8, 17511764.
Franco-Múgica, F., García-Antón, M., Maldonado-Ruíz, J., Morla-Juaristi, C., Sainz-Ollero, H., 2005. Ancient pine forest on inland dunes in the Spanish northern meseta. Quaternary Research 63, 114.
Frigola, J., Moreno, A., Cacho, I., Canals, M., Sierro, F.J., Flores, J.A., Grimalt, J.O., Hodell, D.A., Curtis, J.H., 2007. Holocene climate variability in the western Mediterranean region from a deepwater sediment record. Paleoceanography 22, doi:10.1029/2006PA001307.
Frisia, S., Borsato, A., Fairchild, I.J., McDermott, F., 2000. Calcite fabrics, growth mechanisms, and environments of formation in speleothems from the Italian Alps and southwestern Ireland. Journal of Sedimentary Research 70, 11831196.
García-Alix, A., Jiménez-Moreno, G., Anderson, R., Jiménez Espejo, F., Delgado Huertas, A., 2012. Holocene environmental change in southern Spain deduced from the isotopic record of a high-elevation wetland in Sierra Nevada. Journal of Paleolimnology 48, 471484.
Genty, D., Blamart, D., Ghaleb, B., Plagnes, V., Causse, C., Bakalowicz, M., Zouari, K., et al. 2006. Timing and dynamics of the last deglaciation from European and North African delta C-13 stalagmite profiles - comparison with Chinese and South Hemisphere stalagmites. Quaternary Science Reviews 25, 21182142.
Gil-Romera, G., González-Sampériz, P., Lasheras-Álvarez, L., Sevilla-Callejo, M., Moreno, A., Valero-Garcés, B., López-Merino, L., et al. 2014. Biomass-modulated fire dynamics during the last glacial-interglacial transition at the Central Pyrenees (Spain). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 402. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2014.03.015.
González-Sampériz, P., Aranbarri, J., Pérez-Sanz, A., Gil-Romera, G., Moreno, A., Leunda, M., Sevilla-Callejo, M., et al. 2017. Environmental and climate change in the southern Central Pyrenees since the Last Glacial Maximum: A view from the lake records. CATENA 149, 668688.
González-Sampériz, P., Valero-Garcés, B.L., Moreno, A., Jalut, G., García-Ruiz, J.M., Martí-Bono, C., Delgado-Huertas, A., Navas, A., Otto, T., Dedoubat, J.J., 2006. Climate variability in the Spanish Pyrenees during the last 30,000 yr revealed by the El Portalet sequence. Quaternary Research 66, 3852.
Harrison, S.P., Digerfeldt, G., 1993. European lakes as palaeohydrological and palaeoclimatic indicators. Quaternary Science Reviews 12, 233248.
Hellstrom, J., 2006. U–Th dating of speleothems with high initial 230Th using stratigraphical constraint. Quaternary Geochronology 1, 289295.
Ibáñez, E.J., Burillo, F., 1995. Arqueología: una aproximación al pasado de Molinos. Seminario de Arqueología y Etnología Turolense, Teruel, Spain.
Jalut, G., Amat, A.E., Bonnet, L., Gauquelin, T., Fontugne, M., 2000. Holocene climatic changes in the Western Mediterranean, from south-east France to south-east Spain. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 160, 255290.
Lopez-Bustins, J.-A., Martin-Vide, J., Sanchez-Lorenzo, A., 2008. Iberia winter rainfall trends based upon changes in teleconnection and circulation patterns. Global and Planetary Change 63, 171176.
López-Merino, L., Silva Sánchez, N., Kaal, J., López-Sáez, J.A., Martínez Cortizas, A., 2012. Post-disturbance vegetation dynamics during the Late Pleistocene and the Holocene: An example from NW Iberia. Global and Planetary Change 92–93, 5870.
Magny, M., Bégeot, C., Guiot, J., Peyron, O., 2003. Contrasting patterns of hydrological changes in Europe in response to Holocene climate cooling phases. Quaternary Science Reviews 22, 15891596.
Magny, M., Combourieu Nebout, N., de Beaulieu, J.L., Bout-Roumazeilles, V., Colombaroli, D., Desprat, S., Francke, A., et al. 2013. North–south palaeohydrological contrasts in the central Mediterranean during the Holocene: tentative synthesis and working hypotheses. Climate of the Past Discussions 9, 19011967.
Martín-Chivelet, J., Muñoz-García, M.B., Edwards, R.L., Turrero, M.J., Ortega, A.I., 2011. Land surface temperature changes in Northern Iberia since 4000 yr BP, based on δ13C of speleothems. Global and Planetary Change 77, 112.
Martin-Vide, J., Lopez-Bustins, J.-A., 2006. The Western Mediterranean Oscillation and rainfall in the Iberian Peninsula. International Journal of Climatology 26, 14551475.
McMillan, E.A., Fairchild, I.J., Frisia, S., Borsato, A., McDermott, F., 2005. Annual trace element cycles in calcite-aragonite speleothems: evidence of drought in the western Mediterrranean 1200–1100 yr BP. Journal of Quaternary Science 20, 423433.
Morales-Molino, C., García-Antón, M., Postigo-Mijarra, J.M., Morla, C., 2013. Holocene vegetation, fire and climate interactions on the westernmost fringe of the Mediterranean Basin. Quaternary Science Reviews 59, 517.
Morellón, M., Valero-Garcés, B., Moreno, A., González-Sampériz, P., Mata, P., Romero, O., Maestro, M., Navas, A., 2008. Holocene palaeohydrology and climate variability in northeastern Spain: The sedimentary record of Lake Estanya (Pre-Pyrenean range). Quaternary International 181, 1531.
Morellón, M., Valero-Garcés, B., Vegas-Vilarrúbia, T., González-Sampériz, P., Romero, Ó., Delgado-Huertas, A., Mata, P., Moreno, A., Rico, M., Corella, J.P., 2009. Lateglacial and Holocene palaeohydrology in the western Mediterranean region: The Lake Estanya record (NE Spain). Quaternary Science Reviews 28, 25822599.
Moreno, A., Sancho, C., Bartolomé, M., Oliva-Urcia, B., Delgado-Huertas, A., Estrela, M.J., Corell, D., López-Moreno, J.I., Cacho, I., 2014. Climate controls on rainfall isotopes and their effects on cave drip water and speleothem growth: the case of Molinos cave (Teruel, NE Spain). Climate Dynamics 43, 221241.
Moreno, A., Stoll, H.M., Jiménez-Sánchez, M., Cacho, I., Valero-Garcés, B., Ito, E., Edwards, L.R., 2010. A speleothem record of rapid climatic shifts during last glacial period from Northern Iberian Peninsula. Global and Planetary Change 71, 218231.
Muñoz Sobrino, C., Ramil-Rego, P., GóMez-Orellana, L., Díaz Varela, R., 2005. Palynological data on major Holocene climatic events in NW Iberia. Boreas 34, 381400.
Noronha, A.L., Johnson, K.R., Hu, C., Ruan, J., Southon, J.R., Ferguson, J.E., 2014. Assessing influences on speleothem dead carbon variability over the Holocene: Implications for speleothem-based radiocarbon calibration. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 394, 2029.
Peel, M.C., Finlayson, B.L., McMahon, T.A., 2007. Updated world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. Hydrology and Earth System Science 11, 16331644.
Pérez-Sanz, A., González-Sampériz, P., Moreno, A., Valero-Garcés, B., Gil-Romera, G., Rieradevall, M., Tarrats, P., et al. 2013. Holocene climate variability, vegetation dynamics and fire regime in the central Pyrenees: the Basa de la Mora sequence (NE Spain). Quaternary Science Reviews 73, 149169.
Railsback, L.B., Liang, F., Vidal Romaní, J.R., Grandal-d’Anglade, A., Vaqueiro Rodríguez, M., Santos Fidalgo, L., Fernández Mosquera, D., Cheng, H., Edwards, R.L., 2011. Petrographic and isotopic evidence for Holocene long-term climate change and shorter-term environmental shifts from a stalagmite from the Serra do Courel of northwestern Spain, and implications for climatic history across Europe and the Mediterranean. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 305, 172184.
Ramos-Román, M.J., Jiménez-Moreno, G., Anderson, R.S., García-Alix, A., Toney, J.L., Jiménez-Espejo, F.J., Carrión, J.S., 2016. Centennial-scale vegetation and North Atlantic Oscillation changes during the Late Holocene in the southern Iberia. Quaternary Science Reviews 143, 8495.
Roberts, N., Brayshaw, D., Kuzucuoglu, C., Perez, R., Sadori, L., 2011. The mid-Holocene climatic transition in the Mediterranean: Causes and consequences. The Holocene 21, 313.
Rudzka, D., McDermott, F., Baldini, L.M., Fleitmann, D., Moreno, A., Stoll, H., 2011. The coupled [delta]13C-radiocarbon systematics of three Late Glacial/early Holocene speleothems; insights into soil and cave processes at climatic transitions. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 75, 43214339.
Sánchez-Goñi, M.F.S., Hannon, G.E., 1999. High-altitude vegetational pattern on the Iberian Mountain Chain (north-central Spain) during the Holocene. The Holocene 9, 3957.
Sancho, C., Arenas, C., Vázquez-Urbez, M., Pardo, G., Lozano, M.V., Peña-Monné, J.L., Hellstrom, J., et al. 2015. Climatic implications of the Quaternary fluvial tufa record in the NE Iberian Peninsula over the last 500 ka. Quaternary Research 84, 398414.
Santos, L., Vidal Romani, J.R., Jalut, G., 2000. History of vegetation during the Holocene in the Courel and Queixa Sierras, Galicia, northwest Iberian Peninsula. Journal of Quaternary Science 15, 621632.
Smith, A.C., Wynn, P.M., Barker, P.A., Leng, M.J., Noble, S.R., Tych, W., 2016. North Atlantic forcing of moisture delivery to Europe throughout the Holocene. Scientific Reports 6, 24745. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep24745.
Stevenson, A.C., 2000. The Holocene forest history of the Montes Universales, Teruel, Spain. The Holocene 10, 603610.
Stoll, H.M., Moreno, A., Mendez-Vicente, A., Gonzalez-Lemos, S., Jimenez-Sanchez, M., Dominguez-Cuesta, M.J., Edwards, R.L., Cheng, H., Wang, X., 2013. Paleoclimate and growth rates of speleothems in the northwestern Iberian Peninsula over the last two glacial cycles. Quaternary Research 80, 284290.
Trigo, R.M., Pozo-Vázquez, D., Osborn, T.J., Castro-Díez, Y., Gámiz-Fortis, S., Esteban-Parra, M.J., 2004. North Atlantic oscillation influence on precipitation, river flow and water resources in the Iberian Peninsula. International Journal of Climatology 24, 925944.
Vanniere, B., Power, M.J., Roberts, N., Tinner, W., Carrion, J., Magny, M., Bartlein, P., et al. 2011. Circum-Mediterranean fire activity and climate changes during the mid-Holocene environmental transition (8500-2500 cal. BP). The Holocene 21, 5373.
Wackerbarth, A., Scholz, D., Fohlmeister, J., Mangini, A., 2010. Modelling the δ18O value of cave drip water and speleothem calcite. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 299, 387397.
Walczak, I.W., Baldini, J.U.L., Baldini, L.M., McDermott, F., Marsden, S., Standish, C.D., Richards, D.A., Andreo, B., Slater, J., 2015. Reconstructing high-resolution climate using CT scanning of unsectioned stalagmites: A case study identifying the mid-Holocene onset of the Mediterranean climate in southern Iberia. Quaternary Science Reviews 127, 117128.

Keywords

Type Description Title
WORD
Supplementary materials

Moreno et al. supplementary material
Figures S1-S4

 Word (1.1 MB)
1.1 MB
WORD
Supplementary materials

Moreno et al. supplementary material
Table S1

 Word (35 KB)
35 KB

New speleothem data from Molinos and Ejulve caves reveal Holocene hydrological variability in northeast Iberia

  • Ana Moreno (a1), Carlos Pérez-Mejías (a1) (a2), Miguel Bartolomé (a1) (a2), Carlos Sancho (a2), Isabel Cacho (a3), Heather Stoll (a4) (a5), Antonio Delgado-Huertas (a6), John Hellstrom (a7), R. Lawrence Edwards (a8) and Hai Cheng (a8) (a9) (a10)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed