Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Geomorphic and sedimentary responses of the Bull Creek Valley (Southern High Plains, USA) to Pleistocene and Holocene environmental change

  • Hanna M. Arauza (a1), Alexander R. Simms (a1), Leland C. Bement (a2), Brian J. Carter (a3), Travis Conley (a3), Ammanuel Woldergauy (a4), William C. Johnson (a5) and Priyank Jaiswal (a4)...

Abstract

Fluvial geomorphology and stratigraphy often reflect past environmental and climate conditions. This study examines the response of Bull Creek, a small ephemeral creek in the Oklahoma panhandle, to environmental conditions through the late Pleistocene and Holocene. Fluvial terraces were mapped and their stratigraphy and sedimentology documented throughout the course of the main valley. Based on their elevations, terraces were broadly grouped into a late-Pleistocene fill terrace (T3) and two Holocene fill-cut terrace sets (T2 and T1). Terrace systems are marked by similar stratigraphies recording the general environmental conditions of the time. Sedimentary sequences preserved in terrace fills record the transition from a perennial fluvial system during the late glacial period and the Younger Dryas to a semiarid environment dominated by loess accumulation and punctuated by flood events during the middle to late Holocene. The highest rates of aeolian accumulation within the valley occurred during the early to middle Holocene. Our data provide significant new information regarding the late-Pleistocene and Holocene environmental history for this region, located between the well-studied Southern and Central High Plains of North America.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Corresponding author. E-mail address: asimms@geol.ucsb.edu (A.R. Simms).

References

Hide All
Alexander, H.A., (2013). The Stratigraphic and Geomorphic Evolution of the Bull Creek Valley, Oklahoma: Implications for Paleoclimate Studies and Nanodiamond Occurrence.. MS Thesis Department of Earth Science. University of California, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA. 93.
Alley, R.B., Meese, D.A., Shuman, C.A., Gow, A.J., Taylor, K.C., Grootes, P.M., White, W.C., Ram, M., Waddington, E.D., Mayewski, P.A., Zielinski, G.A., (1993). Abrupt increase in Greenland snow accumulation at the end of the Younger Dryas event.. Nature 362, 527529.
Anderson, J.B., Wolfteich, C.M., Wright, R., Cole, M.L., (1982). Determination of depositional environments of sand bodies using vertical grain-size progressions.. Transactions. Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies 32, 565577.
Anderson, R.S., Jass, R.B., Toney, J.L., Allen, C.D., Cisneros-Dozal, L.M., Hess, M., Heikoop, J., Fessenden, J., (2008). Development of the mixed conifer forest in northern New Mexico and its relationship to Holocene environmental change.. Quaternary Research 69, 263275.
Antinao, J.L., McDonald, E., (2013). A reduced relevance of vegetation change for alluvial aggradation in arid zones.. Geology 41, 1114.
Arbogast, A.F., (1996). Stratigraphic evidence for late-Holocene aeolian sand mobilization and soil formation in south-central Kansas, USA.. Journal of Arid Environments 34, 403414.
Armour, J., Fawcett, P.J., Geissman, J.W., (2002). 15 k.y. paleoclimatic and glacial record from northern New Mexico.. Geology 30, 723727.
Asmeron, Y., Polyak, V., Burns, S., Rassmussen, J., (2007). Solar forcing of Holocene climate: new insights from a speleothem record, southwestern United States.. Geology 35, 14.
Balakrishnan, M., Yapp, C.J., Meltzer, D.J., Theler, J.L., (2005). Paleoenvironment of the Folsom archeological site, New Mexico, USA, approximately 10,500 14 C yr B.P. as inferred from the stable isotope composition of fossil land snail shells.. Quaternary Research 63, 3144.
Ballenger, J.A.M., Holliday, V.T., Kowler, A.L., Reitze, W.T., Prasciunas, M.M., Miller, D.S., Windingstad, J.D., (2011). Evidence for Younger Dryas global climate oscillation and human response in the American Southwest.. Quaternary International 242, 502519.
Bement, L.C., Carter, B.J., (2010). Clovis Bison Hunting on the southern plains of North America.. American Antiquity 75, 907933.
Bement, L.C., Carter, B.J., Varney, R.A., Cummings, L.S., Sudbury, J.B., (2007). Paleo-environmental reconstruction and biostratigraphy, Oklahoma Panhandle, USA.. Quaternary International 169–170, 3950.
Bement, L.C., Madden, A.S., Carter, B.J., Simms, A.R., Swindle, A.L., Alexander, H.M., Fine, S., Benamara, M., (2014). Quantifying the distribution of nanodiamonds in pre-Younger Dryas to recent age deposits along Bull Creek, Oklahoma Panhandle, USA.. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111, 17261731.
Boulter, C., Bateman, M.D., Frederick, C.D., (2010). Understanding geomorphic responses to environmental change: a 19000-year case study from semi-arid central Texas.. Journal of Quaternary Science 25, 889902.
Bowen, M.W., Johnson, W.C., (2012). Late Quaternary environmental reconstruction of playa-lunette system evolution on the central High Plains of Kansas, United States.. Geological Society of America Bulletin 124, 146161.
Briles, C.E., Whitlock, C., Meltzer, D.J., (2012). Last glacial–interglacial environments in the southern Rocky Mountains, USA and implications for Younger Dryas-age human occupation.. Quaternary Research 77, 96103.
Bryant, V.M. Jr., (1977). A 16,000 year pollen record of vegetation change in central Texas.. Palynology 1, 143156.
Bull, W.B., (1991). Geomorphic Responses to Climate Change.. Oxford University Press, New York, NY.
Bull, W.B., (1997). Discontinuous ephemeral streams.. Geomorphology 19, 227276.
Buzas-Stephens, P., Livsey, D.N., Simms, A.R., Buzas, M.A., (2014). Estuarine foraminifera record Holocene stratigraphic changes and Holocene climate changes in ENSO and the North American Monsoon: Baffin Bay, Texas.. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 404, 4456.
Byant, V.M. Jr., Holloway, R.G., (1985). A Late-Quaternary Paleoenvironmental Record of Texas: An Overview of the Pollen Evidence.. Bryant, V.M., and Holloway, R.G. Pollen Records of Late-Quaternary North American Sediments.. AASP Foundation, 3970.
Candy, I., Rose, J., Lee, J., (2006). A seasonally ‘dry’ interglacial climate in eastern England during the early Middle Pleistocene: palaeopedological and stable isotopic evidence from Pakefield, UK.. Boreas 35, 255265.
Carter, B.J., Bement, L., (2004). Late-Quaternary soil-sediment stratigraphy and cultural materials along Bull Creek, Oklahoma Panhandle.. Current Research in the Pleistocene 21, 119122.
Cisneros-Dozal, L.M., Heikoop, J.M., Fessenden, J., Anderson, R.S., Meyers, P.A., Allen, C.D., Hess, M., Larson, T., Perkins, G., Rearick, M., (2010). A 15 000-year record of climate change in northern New Mexico, USA, inferred from isotopic and elemental contents of bog sediments.. Journal of Quaternary Science 25, 10011007.
Conley, T.O., (2010). Buried Soils of Late Pleistocene to Holocene Ages Accented in Stacked Soil Sequences from the Southern High Plains of the Oklahoma Panhandle, MS Thesis, Department of Soil Sciences.. Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK.196.
Cordova, C.E., Porter, J.C., Lepper, K., Kalchgruber, R., Scott, G., (2005). Preliminary assessment of sand dune stability along a bioclimatic gradient, north-central and northwestern Oklahoma.. Great Plains Research 15, 227249.
Cordova, C.E., Johnson, W.C., Mandel, R.D., Palmer, M.W., (2011). Late Quaternary environmental change inferred from phytoliths and other soil-related proxies: case studies from the central and southern Great Plains, USA.. Catena 85, 87108.
Delong, S.B., Pelletier, J.D., Arnold, L.J., (2011). Late Holocene alluvial history of the Cuyama River, California, USA.. Geological Society of America Bulletin 123, 21602176.
Delong, S.B., Johnson, J.P.L., Whipple, K.X., (2014). Arroyo channel head evolution in a flash-flood-dominated discontinuous ephemeral stream system.. Geological Society of America Bulletin 126, 16831701.
Dorale, J.A., Gonzalez, L.A., Reagan, M.K., Pickett, D.A., Murrell, M.T., Baker, R.G., (1992). A high-resolution record of Holocene climate change in speleothem calcite from Cold Water Cave, northeast Iowa.. Science 258, 16261630.
Duller, R.A., Whittaker, A.C., Swinehart, J.B., Armitage, J.J., Sinclair, H.D., Bair, A., Allen, P.A., (2012). Abrupt landscape change post-6 Ma on the central Great Plains, USA.. Geology 40, 871874.
Enzel, Y., Yamit, R., Grodek, T., Ayalon, A., Lekach, T., Porat, N., Bierman, P., Blum, J.D., Erel, Y., (2012). Late Quaternary weathering, erosion, and deposition in Nahal Yael, Israel: an “impact of climatic change on an arid watershed?”.. Geological Society of America Bulletin 124, 705722.
Forman, S.L., Oglesby, R.J., Markgraf, V., Stafford, T., (1995). Paleoclimatic significance of Late Quaternary eolian deposition on the Piedmont and High Plains, central United States.. Global and Planetary Change 11, 3555.
Forman, S.L., Oglesby, R.J., Webb, R.S., (2001). Temporal and spatial patterns of Holocene dune activity on the Great Plains of North America: megadroughts and climate links.. Global and Planetary Change 29, 129.
Forman, S.L., Marin, L., Gomez, J., Pierson, J., (2008). Late Quaternary eolian sand depositional record for southwestern Kansas: landscape sensitivity to droughts.. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 265, 107120.
Gee, G.W., Bauder, J.W., (1986). Particle-size analysis.. Black, W.C. Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 1. Physical and Mineralogical Methods.. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI.383411.
Goodfriend, G.A., (1987). Radiocarbon age anomalies in shell carbonate of land snails from semi-arid areas.. Radiocarbon 29, 159167.
Gould, C.N., Lonsdale, J.T., (1926). Geology of Beaver County, Oklahoma.. Oklahoma Geological Survey Bulletin 38, 171.
Gustavson, T.C., Simpkins, W.W., Alhades, A., Hoadley, A., (1982). Evaporite dissolution and development of karst features on the rolling plains of the Texas panhandle.. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 7, 545563.
Halfen, A.F., Johnson, W.C., (2013). A review of Great Plains dune field chronologies.. Aeolian Research 10, 135160.
Hall, S.A., (1988). Environment and archaeology of the central Osage Plains.. Plains Anthropologist 33, 203218.
Hall, S.A., (1990). Channel trenching and climate change in the southern U.S. Great Plains.. Geology 18, 342345.
Hall, S.A., Lintz, C., (1984). Buried trees, water table fluctuations, and 3000 years of changing climate in west-central Oklahoma.. Quaternary Research 22, 129133.
Hall, S.A., Penner, W.L., (2013). Stable carbon isotopes, C3–C4 vegetation, and 12,800 years of climate change in central New Mexico, USA.. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 369, 272281.
Hall, S.A., Valastro, S. Jr., (1995). Grassland vegetation in the southern Great Plains during the Last Glacial Maximum.. Quaternary Research 44, 237245.
Hall, S.A., Penner, W.L., Palacios-Fest, M.R., Metcalf, A.L., Smith, S.J., (2012). Cool, wet conditions late in the Younger Dryas in semi-arid New Mexico.. Quaternary Research 77, 8795.
Harden, D.R., (1990). Controlling factors on the distribution and development of incised meanders in the central Colorado Plateau.. Geological Society of America Bulletin 102, 233242.
Haynes, C.V., Agogino, G.A., (1966). Prehistoric springs and geochronology of the Clovis Site, New Mexico.. American Antiquity 31, 812821.
Higgins, R.W., Yao, Y., Wang, X.L., (1997). Influence of the North American Monsoon system on the U.S. summer precipitation regime.. Journal of Climate 10, 26002622.
Holliday, V.T., (1987). Eolian processes and sediments of the Great Plains.. Graf, W. Geomorphic Systems of North America.. Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO.195202.
Holliday, V.T., (1989a). Mid Holocene drought on the Southern High Plains.. Quaternary Research 31, 7482.
Holliday, V.T., (1989b). The Blackwater Draw Formation (Quaternary): a 1.4 + m.y. record of eolian sedimentation and soil formation on the Southern High Plains.. Geological Society of America Bulletin 101, 15981607.
Holliday, V.T., (1995). Stratigraphy and Paleoenvironments of Late Quaternary Valley Fills on the Southern High Plains.. Geological Society of America Memoir 186, (136 pp.).
Holliday, V.T., (1997). Paleoindian Geoarchaeology of the Southern High Plains.. University of Texas Press, .
Holliday, V.T., (2000a). Folsom Drought and episodic drying on the Southern High Plains from 10,900–10,200 14 C yrB.P.. Quaternary Research 53, 112.
Holliday, V.T., (2000b). The evolution of paleoindian geochronology and typology on the Great Plains.. Geoarchaeology 15, 227290.
Holliday, V.T., (2001). Stratigraphy and geochronology of upper Quaternary eolian sand on the southern high plains of Texas and New Mexico, United States.. Geological Society of America Bulletin 113, 88108.
Holliday, V.T., Mayer, J.H., Fredlund, G.G., (2008). Late Quaternary sedimentology and geochronology of small playas on the Southern High Plains, Texas and New Mexico, U.S.A.. Quaternary Research 70, 1125.
Holliday, V.T., Meltzer, D.J., Mandel, R.D., (2011). Stratigraphy of the Younger DryasChronozone and paleoenvironmental implications: central and southern Great Plains.. Quaternary International 242, 520533.
Johnson, K.S., (1972). Guidebook for Geologic Field Trips in Oklahoma Book II: Northwest Oklahoma.. University of Oklahoma, Norman Oklahoma.
Johnson, H.L., Duchon, C.E., (1995). Atlas of Oklahoma Climate.. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK.
Johnson, W.C., Willey, K.L., (2000). Isotopic and rock magnetic expression of environmental change at the Pleistocene–Holocene transition in the central Great Plains.. Quaternary International 67, 89106.
Johnson, B.G., Jimenez-Moreno, G., Eppes, M.C., Diemer, J.A., Stone, J.R., (2003). A multi-proxy record of post-climate variability from a shallowing, 12 m deep sub-alpine bog in the southeastern San Juan Mountains of Colorado.. The Holocene 23, 10281038.
Leopold, L.B., (1951). Rainfall frequency: an aspect of climatic variation.. Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union 32, 347357.
Lepper, K., Scott, G.F., (2005). Late Holocene aeolian activity in the Cimarron River valley of west-central Oklahoma.. Geomorphology 70, 4252.
Mandel, R.D., (2008). Buried paleoindian-age landscapes in stream valleys of the central plains, USA.. Geomorphology 101, 342361.
Mann, D.H., Meltzer, D.J., (2007). Millenial-scale dynamics of valley fills over the past 12,000 14 C yr in northeastern New Mexico, USA.. Geological Society of America Bulletin 119, 14331448.
Mason, J.A., Miao, X., Hanson, P.R., Johnson, W.C., Jacobs, P.M., Goble, R.J., (2008). Loess record of the Pleistocene–Holocene transition on the northern central Great Plains, USA.. Quaternary Science Reviews 27, 17721783.
McKee, E.D., Crosby, E.J., Berryhill, H.L.J., (1967). Flood deposits, Bijou Creek, Colorado, June 1965.. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology 37, 829851.
Meier, H.A., Driese, S.G., Nordt, L.C., Forman, S.L., Dworkin, S.I., (2014a). Interpretation of Late Quaternary climate and landscape variability based upon buried soil macro- and micromorphology, geochemistry, and stable isotopes of soil organic matter, Owl Creek, central Texas, USA.. Catena 114, 157168.
Meier, H.A., Nordt, L.C., Forman, S.L., Driese, S.G., (2014b). Late Quaternary alluvial history of the middle Owl Creek drainage basin in central Texas: a record of geomorphic response to environmental change.. Quaternary International 306, 2441.
Meltzer, D.J., (1999). Human responses to Middle Holocene (Altithermal) climates on the North American Great Plains.. Quaternary Research 52, 404416.
Meltzer, D.J., (2009). First Peoples in a New World: Colonizing Ice Age America.. University of California Press, (464 pp.).
Meltzer, D.J., Holliday, V.T., (2010). Would North American Paleoindians have noticed Younger Dryas Age climate changes?.. Journal of World Prehistory 23, 141.
Miall, A.D., (1977). A review of the braided-river depositional environment.. Earth-Science Reviews 13, 162.
Nordt, L., Von Fischer, J., Tieszen, L., Tubbs, J., (2008). Coherent changes in relative C4 plant productivity and climate during the late Quaternary in the North American Great Plains.. Quaternary Science Reviews 27, 16001611.
Olsen, C.G., Nettleton, W.D., Porter, D.A., Brasher, B.R., (1997). Middle Holocene aeolian activity on the High Plains of west-central Kansas.. The Holocene 7, 255261.
Polyak, V.J., Rasmussen, J.B.T., Asmerom, Y., (2004). Prolonged wet period in the southwestern United States through the Younger Dryas.. Geology 32, 58.
Reimer, P.J., Baillie, M.G.L., Bard, E., Bayliss, A., Beck, J.W., Blackwell, P.G., Ramsey, C.B., Buck, C.E., Burr, G.S., Edwards, R.L., Friedrich, M., Grootes, P.M., Guilderson, T.P., Hajdas, I., Heaton, T.J., Hogg, A.G., Hughen, K.A., Kaiser, K.F., Kromer, B., McCormac, F.G., Manning, S.W., Reimer, R.W., Richards, D.A., Southon, J.R., Talamo, S., Turney, C.S.M., Van der Plicht, J., Weyhenmeyer, C.E., (2009). IntCal09 and Marine09 radiocarbon age calibration curves, 0–50,000 years cal BP.. Radiocarbon 51, 11111150.
Royer, D.L., (1999). Depth to pedogenic carbonate horizon as a paleoprecipitation indicator?.. Geology 27, 11231126.
Schoff, S.L., (1939). Geology and ground water resources of Texas County, Oklahoma.. Oklahoma Geological Survey Bulletin 59, 1248.
Simpson, G., Castelltort, S., (2012). Model shows that rivers transmit high-frequency climate cycles to the sedimentary record.. Geology 40, 11311134.
Smith, B.J., Wright, J.S., Whalley, W.B., (2002). Sources of non-glacial, loess-size quartz silt and the origins of “desertloess”.. Earth-Science Reviews 59, 126.
Sperraza, M., Moore, J.N., Hendrix, M.S., (2004). High-resolution particle size analysis of naturally occurring very fine-grained sediment through laser diffractometry.. Journal of Sedimentary Research 74, 736743.
Stanley, T.M., Suneson, N.H., (2002). Geological Map of the Beaver 30' X 60' Quadrangle, Beaver, Ellis, Harper, and Texas Counties, Oklahoma.. Oklahoma Geological Survey, Norman, Oklahoma.
Stone, J.R., Fritz, S.C., (2006). Multidecadal drought and Holocene climate instability in the Rocky Mountains.. Geology 34, 409412.
Sun, D., Bloemendal, J., Rea, D.K., Vandenberghe, J., Jiang, F., An, Z., Su, R., (2002). Grain-size distribution function of polymodal sediments in hydraulic and aeolian environments, and numerical partitioning of the sedimentary components.. Sedimentary Geology 152, 263277.
Sun, D., Bloemendal, J., Rea, D.K., An, Z., Vandenberghe, J., Lu, H., Su, R., Liu, T., (2004). Bimodal grain-size distribution of Chinese loess, and its palaeoclimatic implications.. Catena 55, 325340.
Toomey, R.S.I., Blum, M., Valastro, S.V., (1993). Late Quaternary climates and environments of the Edwards Plateau, Texas.. Global and Planetary Change 7, 299320.
Tsoar, H., Pye, K., (1987). Dust transport and the question of desert loess formation.. Sedimentology 34, 139153.
Tucker, G.E., Arnold, L., Bras, R.L., Flores, H., Instanbulluoglu, E., Solyom, P., (2006). Headwater channel dynamics in semiarid rangelands, Colorado high plains, USA.. Geological Society of America Bulletin 118, 959974.
Walker, R.G., Cant, D.J., (1984). Sandy fluvial systems.. Walker, R.G. Facies Models.. 2nd ed.7189.
Wang, Y., Amundson, R., Trumbore, S., (1996). Radiocarbon dating of soil organic matter.. Quaternary Research 45, 282288.
Waters, M.R., Haynes, C.V., (2001). Late Quaternary arroyo formation and climate change in the American Southwest.. Geology 29, 399402.
Waters, M.R., Stafford, T.W.J., (2007). Redefining the age of Clovis: implications for the peopling of the Americas.. Science 315, 11221126.
Werner, C.M., Mason, J.A., Hanson, P.R., (2011). Non-linear connections between dune activity and climate in the High Plains, Kansas and Oklahoma, USA.. Quaternary Research 75, 267277.
Williams, J.W., Shuman, B., Bartlein, P.J., Diffenbaugh, N.S., Webb, T.I., (2010). Rapid, time-transgressive, and variable responses to early Holocene midcontinental drying in North America.. Geology 38, 135138.
Woldearegay, A.F., Jaiswal, P., Simms, A.R., Alexander, H., Bement, L.C., Carter, B.J., (2012). Ultrashallow depth imaging of a channel stratigraphy with first-arrival traveltime inversion and prestack depth migration: a case history from Bull Creek, Oklahoma.. Geophysics 77, B87B96.
Wong, C.I., Banner, J.L., Musgrove, M., (2015). Holocene climate variability in Texas, USA: an integration of existing paleoclimate data and modeling with a new, high-resolution speleothem record.. Quaternary Science Reviews 127, 155173.

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Geomorphic and sedimentary responses of the Bull Creek Valley (Southern High Plains, USA) to Pleistocene and Holocene environmental change

  • Hanna M. Arauza (a1), Alexander R. Simms (a1), Leland C. Bement (a2), Brian J. Carter (a3), Travis Conley (a3), Ammanuel Woldergauy (a4), William C. Johnson (a5) and Priyank Jaiswal (a4)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.