Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-54cdcc668b-rfpnn Total loading time: 0.26 Render date: 2021-03-08T23:20:04.334Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true }

Surface exposure dating of the Pierre Sublobe of the James Lobe, Laurentide Ice Sheet

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  13 April 2020

Stephanie L. Heath
Affiliation:
Department of Geology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio45221, USA
Thomas V. Lowell
Affiliation:
Department of Geology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio45221, USA
Brenda L. Hall
Affiliation:
School of Earth and Climate Sciences and the Climate Change Institute, University of Maine, Orono, Maine04469, USA
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

The Laurentide Ice Sheet of the last glacial period terminated in several lobes along its southern margin. The timing of maximum extent may have varied among the terminal lobes owing to internal ice sheet dynamics and spatially variable external controls. Some terminal ice lobes, such as the westernmost James Lobe, remain poorly dated. To determine the timing of maximum ice extent in this key location, we have mapped glacial deposits left by the Pierre Sublobe in South Dakota and applied 10Be surface exposure age dating on boulders on moraine ridges associated with three distinct late Quaternary glacial drifts. The oldest and most extensive “Tazewell” drift produced variable 10Be surface exposure ages spanning 20–7 ka; the large range is likely attributable to moraine degradation and subsequent boulder exhumation. The oldest ages of about 20 ka are probably limiting minimum ages for the Tazewell moraine surfaces. By contrast, exposure ages of the youngest “Mankato” drift of the easternmost Pierre Sublobe tightly cluster at about 16 ka. This age for the Pierre Sublobe is consistent with the nearby Des Moines Lobe, suggesting both acted together.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © University of Washington. Published by Cambridge University Press, 2020

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

Applegate, P.J., Urban, N.M., Keller, K., Lowell, T.V., Laabs, B.J.C., Kelly, M.A., Alley, R.B., 2012. Improved moraine age interpretations through explicit matching of geomorphic process models to cosmogenic nuclide measurements from single landforms. Quaternary Research 77, 293304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Balco, G., Briner, J., Finkel, R.C., Rayburn, J.A., Ridge, J.C., Schaefer, J.M., 2009. Regional beryllium-10 production rate calibration for late-glacial northeastern North America. Quaternary Geochronology 4, 93107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Balco, G., Stone, J.O., Lifton, N.A., Dunai, T.J., 2008. A complete and easily accessible means of calculating surface exposure ages or erosion rates from 10Be and 26Al measurements. Quaternary Geochronology 3, 174195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bierman, P.R., Davis, D.T., Corbett, L.B., Lifton, N.A., Finkel, R.C., 2015. Cold-based Laurentide ice covered New England's highest summits during the Last Glacial Maximum. Geology 43, 10591062.Google Scholar
Bolin, E.J., Wilson, R.C., 1950. Areal Geology of the Okobojo Quadrangle. 1:62,500. South Dakota Geological Survey, Vermillion.Google Scholar
Bromley, G.R.M., Hall, B.L., Thompson, W.B., Kaplan, M.R., Garcia, J.L., Schaefer, J.M., 2015. Late glacial fluctuations of the Laurentide Ice Sheet in the White Mountains of Maine and New Hampshire, U.S.A. Quaternary Research 83, 522530.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carrivick, J.L., Smith, M.W., Quincey, D.J., 2016. Structure from Motion in the Geosciences. Wiley-Blackwell. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Christensen, C.M., 1974. Geology and Water Resources of Bon Homme County South Dakota, Part 1: Geology. South Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 21. South Dakota Geological Survey, Vermillion.Google Scholar
Christensen, C.M., Stephens, J.C., 1967. Geology and Hydrology of Clay County South Dakota. South Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 19. South Dakota Geological Survey, Vermillion.Google Scholar
Clayton, L., Moran, S.R., 1982. Chronology of late Wisconsinan glaciation in middle North America. Quaternary Science Reviews 1, 5582.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Corbett, L.B., Bierman, P.R., Wright, S.F., Shakun, J.D., Davis, P.T., Goehring, B.M., Halsted, C.T., Koester, A.J., Caffee, M.W., Zimmerman, S.R., 2019. Analysis of multiple cosmogenic nuclides constrains Laurentide Ice Sheet history and process on Mt. Mansfield, Vermont's highest peak. Quaternary Science Reviews 205, 234246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Crandell, D.R., 1958. Geology of the Pierre Area, South Dakota. Geological Survey Professional Paper 307. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Davis, P.T., Bierman, P.R., Corbett, L.B., Finkel, R.C., 2015. Cosmogenic exposure age evidence for rapid Laurentide deglaciation of the Katahdin area, west-central Maine, USA, 16 to 15ka. Quaternary Science Reviews 116, 95105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Denton, G.H., Hughes, T.J., 1981. The Last Great Ice Sheets. Wiley, New York, p. 484.Google Scholar
Ditchburn, R.G., Whitehead, N.E., 1994. The separation of 10Be from silicates. In: Hancock, G., Wallbrink, P. (Eds.), Third Workshop of the South Pacific Radioactivity Association. Australian National University, Canberra, pp. 47.Google Scholar
Duchossois, G.E., 1993. Geology of Hughes County, South Dakota. South Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 36. South Dakota Geological Survey, Vermillion.Google Scholar
Dyke, A.S., Prest, V.K., 1987. Late Wisconsinan and Holocene history of the Laurentide Ice Sheet. Géographie physique et Quaternaire 41, 237263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Flint, R.F., 1955. Pleistocene Geology of Eastern South Dakota. Geological Survey Professional Paper 262. United States Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., p. 173.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fullerton, D.S., Colton, R.B., Bush, C.A., Straub, A.W., 2004. Map Showing Spatial and Temporal Relations of Mountain and Continental Glaciations on the Northern Plains Primarily in Northern Montana and Northwestern North Dakota. USGS Scientific Investigations Map 2843. U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, CO.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hall, B.L., Borns, H.W. Jr., Bromley, G.R.M., Lowell, T.V., 2017. Age of the Pineo Ridge system: implications for behavior of the Laurentide Ice Sheet in eastern Maine, U.S.A., during the last deglaciation. Quaternary Science Reviews 169, 344356.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hallberg, G.R., Kemmis, T.J., 1986. Stratigraphy and correlation of the glacial deposits of the Des Moines and James lobes and adjacent areas in North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota, and Iowa. Quaternary Science Reviews 5, 6568.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Heath, S.L., Loope, H.M, Curry, B.B., Lowell, T.V., 2018. Pattern of southern Laurentide Ice Sheet margin position changes during Heinrich Stadials 2 and 1. Quaternary Science Reviews 201, 362379.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Johnson, G.D., McCormick, K.A., 2005. Geology of Yankton County, South Dakota. South Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 34. South Dakota Geological Survey, Vermillion.Google Scholar
Kelly, M.A., 2003. The late Wurmian Age in the Western Swiss Alps—Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) Ice-Surface Reconstruction and 10Be Dating of Late-Glacial Features. PhD dissertation, University of Bern.Google Scholar
Kohl, C., Nishiizumi, K., 1992. Chemical isolation of quartz for measurement of in situ-produced cosmogenic nuclides. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 56, 35863587.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lal, D., 1991. Cosmic ray labeling of erosion surfaces: in-situ nuclide production rates and erosion models. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 104, 424439.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lowell, T.V., Hayward, R.K., Denton, G.H., 1999. Role of climate oscillations in determining ice-margin position: hypothesis, examples, and implications. In: Mickelson, D.M., and Attig, J.W. (Eds.), Glacial Processes Past and Present. Boulder, CO. Geological Society of America Special Paper 337, 193–203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lusardi, B.A., Jennings, C.E., Harris, K.L., 2011. Provenance of Des Moines lobe till records ice-stream catchment evolution during Laurentide deglaciation. Boreas 40, 585597.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Margold, M., Stokes, C.R., Clark, C.D., 2015. Ice streams in the Laurentide Ice Sheet: identification, characteristics and comparison to modern ice sheets. Earth-Science Reviews 143, 117146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Margold, M., Stokes, C.R., Clark, C.D., 2018. Reconciling records of ice streaming and ice margin retreat to produce a palaeogeographic reconstruction of the deglaciation of the Laurentide Ice Sheet. Quaternary Science Reviews 189, 130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Martin, J.E., Sawyer, J.F., Fahrenbach, M.D., Tomhave, D.W., Schulz, L.D., 2004. Geologic Map of South Dakota. South Dakota Geological Survey General Map 10.Google Scholar
McCormick, K.A., Hammond, R.H., 2004. Geology of Lincoln and Union Counties, South Dakota. Department of Environment and Natural Resources/Geological Survey Bulletin 39. South Dakota Geological Survey, Vermillion.Google Scholar
Mickelson, D.M., Colgan, P.M., 2003. The southern Laurentide Ice Sheet. Developments in Quaternary Science 1, 116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nishiizumi, K., Imamura, M., Caffee, M.W., Southon, J.R., Finkel, R.C., McAninch, J., 2007. Absolute calibration of 10Be AMS standards. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B 258, 403413.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Patterson, C.J., 1997. Southern Laurentide ice lobes were created by ice streams: Des Moines Lobe in Minnesota, USA. Sedimentary Geology 111, 249261.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ross, M., Lajeuness, P., Kosar, K.G.A., 2011. The subglacial record of northern Hudson Bay: insights into the Hudson Strait Ice Stream catchment. Boreas 40, 7391.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stevens, E.H., Bogan, R.J., Burge, F.H., Fenske, P.R., 1949. Areal Geology of the Artichoke Butte Quadrangle. 1:62:500. South Dakota Geological Survey, Vermillion.Google Scholar
Stone, J.O., 2000. Air pressure and cosmogenic isotope production. Journal of Geophysical Research 105, 2375323759.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
White, E.M., 1960. Some Surface Glacial Deposits in Hand County, South Dakota. State Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations No. 1. South Dakota Geological Survey, Vermillion.Google Scholar

Heath et al. supplementary material

Figures S1-S7

File 15 MB

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 32
Total number of PDF views: 69 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 13th April 2020 - 8th March 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Surface exposure dating of the Pierre Sublobe of the James Lobe, Laurentide Ice Sheet
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Surface exposure dating of the Pierre Sublobe of the James Lobe, Laurentide Ice Sheet
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Surface exposure dating of the Pierre Sublobe of the James Lobe, Laurentide Ice Sheet
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *