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Continental Oxygen Isotopic Record of the Last 170,000 Years in Jerusalem

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 January 2017

Amos Frumkin
Affiliation:
Cave Research Center, Department of Geography, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, 91905, Israel
Derek C. Ford
Affiliation:
School of Geology and Geography, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, L8S 4K1, Canada
Henry P. Schwarcz
Affiliation:
School of Geology and Geography, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, L8S 4K1, Canada

Abstract

A long radiometrically dated oxygen isotopic record of continental climatic variations since the penultimate glaciation was obtained from a stalagmite deposited in a sealed cave in Jerusalem. This record shows that speleothems have the potential of assigning dates to long- and short-term climatic events, with possible refining of Milankovitch tuning of ice and marine records which themselves are not datable. Short-term (∼1000-yr) events are very significant in the region, reaching ∼50% of glacial/interglacial fluctuations. The Mediterranean Sea was the most probable source of local precipitation throughout the last glacial cycle.

Type
Original Articles
Copyright
University of Washington

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