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Aeolian dynamics at the northern edge of Deliblato (Banat) Sand Sea, Vojvodina, Serbia, at the time of the last deglaciation

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  03 May 2024

Rastko S. Marković*
Affiliation:
Department for Geography, Faculty of Sciences, University of Niš, Višegradska 33, 18000 Niš, Serbia
Zoran M. Perić
Affiliation:
Lund Luminescence Laboratory, Department of Geology, Lund University, Sölvegatan 12, SE-223 62 Lund, Sweden
Milivoj B. Gavrilov
Affiliation:
Department of Geography, Tourism and Hotel management, Faculty of Science, University of Novi Sad, Trg Dositeja Obradovića 3, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
Slobodan B. Marković
Affiliation:
Department of Geography, Tourism and Hotel management, Faculty of Science, University of Novi Sad, Trg Dositeja Obradovića 3, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia Serbian Academy of Arts and Sciences, Knez Mihajlova 35, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia University of Montenegro, Cetinjska 2, 81000 Podgorica, Montenegro
Jef Vandenberghe
Affiliation:
Institute of Earth Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1085, 1081HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Randall J. Schaetzl
Affiliation:
Department of Geography, Environment, and Spatial Sciences, 673 Auditorium Drive, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
Igor Obreht
Affiliation:
Organic Geochemistry Group, MARUM-Center for Marine Environmental Sciences and Department of Geosciences, University of Bremen, Leobener Str. 8, 28359 Bremen, Germany
Tamás Bartyik
Affiliation:
Geomorphological and Geochronological Research Group, Department of Geoinformatics, Physical and Environmental Geography, University of Szeged, Egyetemu. 2-6, Szeged, 6722, Hungary
Milica G. Radaković
Affiliation:
Department of Geography, Tourism and Hotel management, Faculty of Science, University of Novi Sad, Trg Dositeja Obradovića 3, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
Aleksandar Radivojević
Affiliation:
Department for Geography, Faculty of Sciences, University of Niš, Višegradska 33, 18000 Niš, Serbia
Miloš Marjanović
Affiliation:
Department of Geography, Tourism and Hotel management, Faculty of Science, University of Novi Sad, Trg Dositeja Obradovića 3, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
Tin Lukić
Affiliation:
Department of Geography, Tourism and Hotel management, Faculty of Science, University of Novi Sad, Trg Dositeja Obradovića 3, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
György Sipos
Affiliation:
Organic Geochemistry Group, MARUM-Center for Marine Environmental Sciences and Department of Geosciences, University of Bremen, Leobener Str. 8, 28359 Bremen, Germany
*
Corresponding author: Rastko S. Marković; Email: <rastko.markovic@pmf.edu.rs>

Abstract

The Deliblato (Banat) Sand Sea, which is one of the largest areas of аeolian sand in Europe, is located near the Iron Gate, which marks the crossing of the Danube River through the biggest gorge of this river. Here, Danubian alluvium has served as the sand source for the Banat Sand Sea, which was formed primarily through southeasterly (Košava) winds. Utilizing a multi-proxy approach, the objective of this study is to gain a better understanding of the environmental dynamics of the Banat Sand Sea. To achieve this goal, we conducted an analysis of an archive representing an approximately 20-m-thick dune formation on the northern edge of this dune field. Using optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating, we calculated aeolian sedimentation rates and dune ages. Sand was deposited here approximately between 17 ka and 13 ka. Magnetic susceptibility, grain size, and colorimetric analyses were interpreted in terms of local paleoenvironmental conditions. Calculated sedimentation rates (SR) indicate intensive aeolian deposition during the study period that range from 483 cm/ka to 502 cm/ka. We compared our data with regional and other European archives, as well as with climatic variations recorded in the Greenland ice core North Greenland Ice Core Project (NGRIP).

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of Quaternary Research Center

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