Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-559fc8cf4f-9dmbd Total loading time: 0.297 Render date: 2021-03-04T06:32:23.201Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true }

Australian Cosmic Ray Modulation Research

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 March 2013

M. L. Duldig
Affiliation:
Australian Antarctic Division, Channel Highway, Kingston, Tas. 7050, Australia; marc.duldig@utas.edu.au
Corresponding
E-mail address:
Rights & Permissions[Opens in a new window]

Abstract

Australian research into variations of the cosmic ray flux arriving at the Earth has played a pivotal role for more than 50 years. The work has been largely led by the groups from the University of Tasmania and the Australian Antarctic Division, and has involved the operation of neutron monitors and muon telescopes from many sites. In this paper, the achievements of the Australian researchers are reviewed and future experiments are described. Particular highlights include: the determination of cosmic ray modulation parameters; the development of techniques for modelling ground-level enhancements; the confirmation of the Tail-In and Loss-Cone sidereal anisotropies; the Spaceship Earth collaboration; and the Solar Cycle latitude survey.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Astronomical Society of Australia 2001

References

Ahluwalia, H. S. 1988a, P&SS, 36, 1451 Google Scholar
Ahluwalia, H. S. 1988b, Geophys. Res. Lett., 15, 287 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ahluwalia, H. S. 1991, Proc. 22nd ICRC, 3, 469 Google Scholar
Ahluwalia, H. S. 1993, JGR, 98, 11513CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ahluwalia, H. S. 1994, JGR, 99, 23515Google Scholar
Ahluwalia, H. S., & Ericksen, J. H. 1969, Proc. 11th ICRC, 2, 139 Google Scholar
Ahluwalia, H. S., & Sabbah, I. S. 1993, P&SS, 41, 113 Google Scholar
Badhwar, G. D., & O'Neill, P. M. 1994, Adv. Sp. Res., 14, 749 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Beeck, J., & Wibberenz, G. 1986, ApJ, 311, 450 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Berkovitch, M. 1970, Acta Phys. Hung., 29, Suppl. 2, 169 Google Scholar
Bieber, J. W., & Chen, J. 1991, ApJ, 372, 301 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bieber, J. W., & Pomerantz, M. A. 1986, ApJ, 303, 843 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bieber, J. W., Evenson, P., & Pomerantz, M. A. 1986, JGR, 91, 8713 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bieber, J. W., Duldig, M., Evenson, P., Hall, D., & Humble, J. 1995, Proc. 24th ICRC, 4, 1078 Google Scholar
Bieber, J. W., Evenson, P., Humble, J., & Duldig, M. 1997, Proc. 25th ICRC, 2, 45 Google Scholar
Bieber, J. W., Eroshenko, E., Evenson, P., Flückiger, E. O., & Kallenbach, R. 2000, Cosmic Rays and Earth, Sp. Sci. Rev. (special issue), 93, 1410 Google Scholar
Burbury, D. W. P. 1951, PhD thesis, University of Tasmania Google Scholar
Burlaga, L. F. E. 1991, in Physics of the Inner Heliosphere, Physics and Chemistry in Space, 21, Space and Solar Physics, ed. R. Schwenn & E. Marsch (Berlin: Springer), p. 1 Google Scholar
Carmichael, H. 1964, IQSY Instruction Manual No. 7 (London: IQSY Secretariat)Google Scholar
Caro, D. E., Law, P. G., & Rathgeber, H. D. 1948, Aust. J. Sci. Res., A1, 261 Google Scholar
Chen, J., & Bieber, J. W. 1993, ApJ, 405, 375 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cliver, E. S., Kahler, S., & Vestrand, W. 1993, Proc. 23rd ICRC, 3, 91 Google Scholar
Compton, A. H., & Getting, I. A. 1935, Phys. Rev., 47, 817 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cooke, D. J., et al. 1991, Il Nuovo Cimento C, 14, 213 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cramp, J. L. 1996, PhD thesis, University of Tasmania Google Scholar
Cramp, J. L. 2000a, ANARE Res. Notes, 102, 163 Google Scholar
Cramp, J. L. 2000b, ANARE Res. Notes, 102, 221 Google Scholar
Cramp, J. L., Duldig, M. L., & Humble, J. E. 1995a, Proc. 24th ICRC, 4, 248 Google Scholar
Cramp, J. L., Duldig, M. L., & Humble, J. E. 1995b, Proc. 24th ICRC, 4, 285 Google Scholar
Cramp, J. L., Duldig, M. L., Flückiger, E. O., Humble, J. E., Shea, M. A., & Smart, D. F. 1997a, JGR, 102, 24237Google Scholar
Cramp, J. L., Duldig, M. L., & Humble, J. E. 1997b, JGR, 102, 4919 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Duggal, S. P., & Pomerantz, M. A. 1975, Proc. 14th ICRC, 4, 1209 Google Scholar
Duggal, S. P., Pomerantz, M. A., & Forbush, S. E. 1967, Nature 214, 143 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Duggal, S. P., Forbush, S. E., & Pomerantz, M. A. 1969, Proc. 11th ICRC, 2, 55 Google Scholar
Duldig, M. L. 1990, Proc. 21st ICRC, 7, 288 Google Scholar
Duldig, M. L. 1994, PASA, 11, 110 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Duldig, M. L. 2000, ANARE Res. Notes, 102, 145 Google Scholar
Duldig, M. L., et al. 1993, PASA, 10, 211 Google Scholar
Elliot, H., & Dolbear, D. W. N. 1951, JATP, 1, 205 Google Scholar
Ellison, D. C., & Ramaty, R., 1985, ApJ, 298, 400 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Erdös, G., & Kota, J. 1979, Proc. 16th ICRC, 4, 45 Google Scholar
Fenton, A. G. 2000, ANARE Res. Notes, 102, 7 Google Scholar
Fenton, K. B. 2000, ANARE Res. Notes, 102, 31 Google Scholar
Fenton, A. G., & Burbury, D. W. P. 1948, Phys. Rev., 74, 589 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fenton, A. G., & Fenton, K. B. 1972, PASA, 2, 139 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fenton, A. G., & Fenton, K. B. 1975, Proc. 14th ICRC, 4, 1482 Google Scholar
Fenton, A. G., McCracken, K. G., Parsons, N. R., & Trost, P. A. 1956, Nature, 177, 1173 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fenton, A. G., Jacklyn, R. M., & Taylor, R. B. 1961, Il Nuovo Cimento, 22, 3985 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fenton, A. G., et al. 1981, Proc. 17th ICRC, 4, 185 Google Scholar
Fenton, A. G., et al. 1982, PASA, 4, 456 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fenton, A. G., et al. 1990, Proc. 21st ICRC, 3, 177 Google Scholar
Flückiger, E. O., & Kobel, E. 1990, J. Geophys. Geoelect., 42, 1123 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Forbush, S. E. 1967, JGR, 72, 4937 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Forman, M. A. 1970, P&SS, 18, 25 Google Scholar
Forman, M. A., & Gleeson, L. J. 1975, Ap&SS, 32, 77 Google Scholar
Fujii, Z., et al. 1994, Proc. 8th Int. Symp. Solar Terr. Phys., Sendai 36 Google Scholar
Fujimoto, K., Murakami, K., Kondo, I., & Nagashima, K. 1977, Proc. 22nd ICRC, 4, 321 Google Scholar
Fujimoto, K., Inoue, A., Murakami, K., & Nagashima, K. 1984, Rep. CRRL, 9, University of NagoyaGoogle Scholar
Gleeson, L. J., & Axford, W. I. 1967, ApJ, 149, L115 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hall, D. L. 1995, PhD thesis, University of Tasmania Google Scholar
Hall, D. L., Humble, J. E., & Duldig, M. L. 1993, Proc. 23rd ICRC, 3, 648 Google Scholar
Hall, D. L., Humble, J. E., & Duldig, M. L. 1994a, JGR, 99, 21443Google Scholar
Hall, D. L., Humble, J. E., & Duldig, M. L. 1994b, PASA, 11, 170 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hall, D. L., Duldig, M. L., & Humble, J. E. 1995a, PASA, 12, 153 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hall, D. L., Duldig, M. L., & Humble, J. E. 1995b, Proc. 24th ICRC, 4, 607 Google Scholar
Hall, D. L., Duldig, M. L., & Humble, J. E. 1996, Sp. Sci. Rev., 78, 401 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hall, D. L., Duldig, M. L., & Humble, J. E. 1997, ApJ, 482, 1038 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hall, D. L., et al. 1998a, JGR, 103, 367 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hall, D. L., et al. 1998b, Proc. 25th ICRC, 2, 137 Google Scholar
Hall, D. L., et al. 1999, JGR, 104, 6737 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hatton, C. J. 1971, Prog. Elementary Part. Cosmic Ray Phys., 20, 1 Google Scholar
Humble, J. E. 1971, PhD thesis, University of Tasmania Google Scholar
Humble, J. E., Fenton, A. G., & Fenton, K. B. 1985, Proc. 19th ICRC, 5, 39 Google Scholar
Humble, J. E., Baker, C. P., Duldig, M. L., Fenton, A. G. and Fenton, K. B. 1991a, Proc. 22nd ICRC, 3, 684 Google Scholar
Humble, J. E., Duldig, M. L., Shea, M. A., & Smart, D. F. 1991b, Geophys. Res. Lett., 18, 737 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Humble, J. E., et al. 1992, ANARE Res. Notes, 88, 279 Google Scholar
IAGA Division 1, Working Group 1 1992, IGRF, 1991 Revision, EOS, 73, 182 Google Scholar
Ip, W.-H., Fillius, W., Mogro-Campero, A., Gleeson, L. J., & Axford, W. I. 1978, JGR, 83, 1633 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Isenberg, P. A., & Jokipii, J. R. 1978, ApJ, 219, 740 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Isenberg, P. A., & Jokipii, J. R. 1979, ApJ, 234, 746 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jacklyn, R. M. 1966, Nature, 211, 690 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jacklyn, R. M. 1986, PASA, 6, 425 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jacklyn, R. M. 2000, ANARE Res. Notes, 102, 91 Google Scholar
Jacklyn, R. M., & Duldig, M. L. 1983, PASA, 5, 262 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jacklyn, R. M., & Duldig, M. L. 1985, Proc. 19th ICRC, 5, 44 Google Scholar
Jacklyn, R. M., & Duldig, M. L. 1987, Proc. 20th ICRC, 4, 380 Google Scholar
Jacklyn, R. M., & Humble, J. E. 1965, Aust. J. Phys., 18, 451 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jacklyn, R. M., Duggal, S. P., & Pomerantz, M. A. 1969, Proc. 11th ICRC, 2, 47 Google Scholar
Jacklyn, R. M., Vrana, A., & Cooke, D. J. 1975, Proc. 14th ICRC, 4, 1497 Google Scholar
Jokipii, J. R. 1967, ApJ, 149, 405 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jokipii, J. R. 1971, Rev. Geophys. Sp. Phys., 9, 27 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jokipii, J. R. 1989, Adv. Sp. Res., 9, 105 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jokipii, J. R., & Davila, J. M. 1981, ApJ, 248, 1156 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jokipii, J. R., & Kopriva, D. A. 1979, ApJ, 234, 384 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jokipii, J. R., & Kota, J. 1989, Geophys. Res. Lett., 16, 1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jokipii, J. R., & Thomas, B. 1981, ApJ, 243, 1115 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jokipii, J. R., Levy, E. H., & Hubbard, W. B. 1977, ApJ, 213, 861 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Johnson, T. H. 1941, Phys. Rev., 59, 11 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Johnson, T. H., & Street, J. C. 1933, Phys. Rev., 43, 381 Google Scholar
Johnson, T. H., Barry, J. G., & Shutt, R. P. 1940, Phys. Rev., 57, 1047 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kobel, E. 1989, Masters thesis, Physikalisches Institut der Universität Bern Google Scholar
Kota, J. 1979, Proc. 16th ICRC, 3, 13 Google Scholar
Kota, J., & Jokipii, J. R., 1983, ApJ, 265, 573 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Law, P. G. 2000, ANARE Res. Notes, 102, 27 Google Scholar
Levy, E. H. 1976, JGR, 18, 2082 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lovell, J. L., Duldig, M. L., & Humble, J. E. 1998, JGR, 103, 23733CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McCracken, K. G. 1962, JGR, 67, 423Google Scholar
McCracken, K. G. 2000, ANARE Res. Notes, 102, 81Google Scholar
McCracken, K. G., Rao, U. R., & Shea, M. A. 1962, Technical Report 77, (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press)Google Scholar
McCracken, K. G., Rao, U. R., Fowler, B. C., Shea, M. A., & Smart, D. F. 1968, Chapter 14, Cosmic Rays (Asymptotic Directions, etc. ), in Annals of the IQSY, 1 (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press), p. 198 Google Scholar
Mathews, T., Bercovitch, M., & Wilson, M. 1991, Proc. 22nd ICRC, 3, 161 Google Scholar
Menvielle, M., & Berthelier, A. 1991, Rev. Geophys., 29, 415 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moraal, H., 1990, Proc. 21st ICRC, 6, 140 Google Scholar
Mori, S., et al. 1991, Proc. 22nd ICRC, 1991 2, 720 Google Scholar
Mori, S., et al. 1992, J. Faculty of Sci., Shinshu Univ., 27, 47 Google Scholar
Munakata, K., et al. 1995, JGG, 47, 1103 Google Scholar
Munakata, K., et al. 2000, JGR, 105, 27457CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Murakami, K., Nagashima, K., Sagisaka, S., Mishima, Y., & Inoue, A. 1979, Il Nuovo Cimento C, 2, 635 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Murakami, K., et al. 1984, Proc. Int. Symp. on Cosmic Rays in the Heliosphere, Iwate University, Morioka, 322 Google Scholar
Nagashima, K., Sakakibara, S., Fenton, A. G., & Humble, J. E. 1985, P&SS, 33, 395 Google Scholar
Nagashima, K., Fujimoto, K., Sakakibara, S., Morishita, I., & Tatsuoka, R. 1992, P&SS, 40, 1109 Google Scholar
Nagashima, K., Fujimoto, K., & Jacklyn, R. M. 1995a, Proc. Int. Mini-Conf. on Solar Part. Phys. and Cosmic Ray Modulation, STE Laboratory, Nagoya University, 93 Google Scholar
Nagashima, K., Fujimoto, K., & Jacklyn, R. M. 1995b, Proc. 24th ICRC, 4, 652 Google Scholar
Nagashima, K., Fujimoto, K., & Jacklyn, R. M. 1995c, Proc. 24th ICRC, 4, 656 Google Scholar
Nagashima, K., Fujimoto, K., & Jacklyn, R. M. 1998, JGR, 103, 17429CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Palmer, I. D. 1982, Rev. Geophys. Sp. Phys., 20, 335 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Parker, E. N. 1965, P&SS, 13, 9 Google Scholar
Peacock, D. S., & Thambyahpillai, T. 1967, Nature, 215, 146 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Peacock, D. S., Dutt, J. C., & Thambyahpillai, T. 1968, Can. J. Phys., 46, 787 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Potgieter, M. S., & Moraal, H. 1985, ApJ, 294, 425 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Potgieter, M. S., & Le Roux, J. A. 1992, ApJ, 386, 336 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pyle, R., Evenson, P., Bieber, J. W., Clem, J. W., Humble, J. E., & Duldig, M. L. 1999, Proc. 26th ICRC, 7, 386 Google Scholar
Rao, U. R., McCracken, K. G., & Venkatesan, D. 1963, JGR, 68, 345 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Reames, D. V., Cane, H. V., & von Rosenvinge, T. T. 1990, ApJ, 357, 259 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Russell, C. T. 1971, Cosmic Electrodynamics, 2, 184 Google Scholar
Sakakibara, S., et al. 1993, Proc. 23rd ICRC, 3, 715 Google Scholar
Seidl, F. G. P. 1941, Phys. Rev., 59, 7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shea, M. A., & Smart, D. F. 1982, Sp. Sci. Rev., 32, 251 Google Scholar
Shea, M. A., et al. 1995, Proc. 24th ICRC, 4, 208 Google Scholar
Simpson, J. A., Fonger, W., & Treiman, S. B. 1953, Phys. Rev., 90, 934 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Smart, D. F., & Shea, M. A. 1991, Proc. 22nd ICRC, 3, 101 Google Scholar
Smith, E. J., Balogh, A., Lepping, R. P., Neugebauer, M., Phillips, J., & Tsurutani, B. T. 1995a, Adv. Sp. Res., 16, 165 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Smith, E. J., Neugebauer, M., Balogh, A., Bame, S. J., Lepping, R. P., & Tsurutani, B. T. 1995b, Sp. Sci. Rev., 72, 165 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Swinson, D. B. 1969, JGR, 74, 5591 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Swinson, D. B., & Shea, M. A. 1990, Geophys. Res. Lett., 17, 1073 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Swinson, D. B., Regener, V. N., & St. John, R. H. 1990, P&SS, 38, 1387 Google Scholar
Torsti, J. A., Anttila, A., Vainio, R., & Kocharov, L. G. 1995, Proc. 24th ICRC, 4, 139 Google Scholar
Tsyganenko, N. A. 1987, P&SS, 35, 1347 Google Scholar
Tsyganenko, N. A. 1989, P&SS, 37, 5 Google Scholar
Van Hollebeke, M. A. I., McDonald, F. B., & Meyer, J. P. 1990, ApJS, 73, 285 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Venkatesan, D., & Badruddin, 1990, Sp. Sci. Rev., 52, 121 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yasue, S. 1980, JGG, 32, 617 Google Scholar
Yasue, S., Mori, S., Sakakibara, S., & Nagashima, K. 1982, Rep. CRRL, 7, University of NagoyaGoogle Scholar

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 90 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 4th March 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Access

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Australian Cosmic Ray Modulation Research
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Australian Cosmic Ray Modulation Research
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Australian Cosmic Ray Modulation Research
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *