Ackard, DM, Neumark-Sztainer, D, Story, M and Perry, C (2003) Overeating among adolescents: prevalence and associations with weight-related characteristics and psychological health. Pediatrics 111, 67–74.
Ahrén-Moonga, J, Holmgren, S, von Knorring, L and af Klinteberg, B (2008) Personality traits and self-injurious behaviour in patients with eating disorders. European Eating Disorders Review 16, 268–275.
American Psychiatric Association (1980) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 3rd Edn. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
American Psychiatric Association (1987) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 3rd Edn. revision. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
American Psychiatric Association (1994) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edn. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
American Psychiatric Association (2013) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edn. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
Arcelus, J, Mitchell, AJ, Wales, J and Nielsen, S (2011) Mortality rates in patients with anorexia nervosa and other eating disorders. A meta-analysis of 36 studies. Archives of General Psychiatry 68, 724–731.
Azorin, JM, Kaladjian, A, Besnier, N, Adida, M, Hantouche, E, Lancrenon, S and Akiskal, H (2010) Suicidal behaviour in a French Cohort of major depressive patients: characteristics of attempters and nonattempters. Journal of Affective Disorders 123, 87–94.
Bodell, LP, Joiner, TE and Keel, PK (2013) Comorbidity-independent risk for suicidality increases with bulimia nervosa but not with anorexia nervosa. Journal of Psychiatric Research 47, 617–621.
Bulik, CM, Thornton, L, Pinheiro, AP, Plotnicov, K, Klump, KL, Brandt, H, Crawford, S, Fichter, MM, Halmi, KA, Johnson, C, Kaplan, AS, Mitchell, J, Nutzinger, D, Strober, M, Treasure, J, Woodside, DB, Berrettini, WH and Kaye, WH (2008) Suicide attempts in anorexia nervosa. Psychosomatic Medicine 70, 378–383.
Burnham, JF (2006) Scopus database: a review. Biomedical Digital Libraries 3, 1.
Call, C, Walsh, BT and Attia, E (2013) From DSM-IV to DSM-5: changes to eating disorder diagnoses. Current Opinion in Psychiatry 26, 532–536.
Carano, A, De Berardis, D, Campanella, D, Serroni, N, Ferri, F, Di Iorio, G, Acciavatti, T, Mancini, L, Mariani, G, Martinotti, G, Moschetta, FS and Di Giannantonio, M (2012) Alexithymia and suicide ideation in a sample of patients with binge eating disorder. Journal of Psychiatric Practice 18, 5–11.
Chen, EY, Brown, MZ, Harned, MS and Linehan, MM (2009) A comparison of borderline personality disorder with and without eating disorders. Psychiatry Research 170, 86–90.
Conti, C, Lanzara, R, Scipioni, M, Iasenza, M, Guagnano, MT and Fulcheri, M (2017) The relationship between binge eating disorder and suicidality: a systematic review. Frontiers in Psychology 8, 2125.
Corcos, T, Taieb, O, Benoit-Lamy, S, Paterniti, S, Jeammet, P and Flament, MF (2002) Suicide attempts in women with bulimia nervosa: frequency and characteristics. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 106, 381–386.
Crow, SJ, Swanson, SA, Le Grange, D, Feig, EH and Merikangas, KR (2014) Suicidal behavior in adolescents and adults with bulimia nervosa. Comprehensive Psychiatry 55, 1534–1539.
Cucchi, A, Ryan, D, Konstantakopoulos, G, Stroumpa, S, Kacar, AS, Renshaw, S, Landau, S and Kravariti, E (2016) Lifetime prevalence of non-suicidal self-injury in patients with eating disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Psychological Medicine 46, 1345–1358.
Cumella, EJ and Kally, Z (2008) Comparison of middle-age and young women inpatients with eating disorders. Eating and Weight Disorders 13, 183–190.
Doll, HA, Petersen, SE and Stewart-Brown, SL (2005) Eating disorders and emotional and physical well-being: associations between student self-reports of eating disorders and quality of life as measured by the SF-36. Quality of Life Research 14, 705–717.
Eddy, KT, Keel, PK, Dorer, DJ, Delinsky, SS, Franko, DL and Herzog, DB (2002) Longitudinal comparison of anorexia nervosa subtypes. International Journal of Eating Disorders 31, 191–201.
Egger, M, Smith, GD and Phillips, AN (1997) Meta-analysis: principles and procedures. BMJ 315, 1533–1537.
Evans, E, Hawton, K, Rodham, K and Deeks, J (2005) The prevalence of suicidal phenomena in adolescents: a systematic review of population-based studies. Suicide and Life Threatening Behaviors 35, 239–250.
Fairweather-Schmidt, KA (2016) Eating disorders and suicidality. In Wade, TD (ed.), Encyclopedia of Feeding and Eating Disorders. Singapore: Springer Nature, pp. 296–301.
Favaro, A and Santonastaso, P (1996) Purging behaviors, suicide attempts, and psychiatric symptoms in 398 eating disordered subjects. International Journal of Eating Disorders 20, 99–103.
Favaro, A and Santonastaso, P (1997) Suicidality in eating disorders: clinical and psychological correlates. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 95, 508–514.
Favaro, A, Dalle Grave, R and Santonastaso, P (1998) Impact of a history of physical and sexual abuse in eating disordered and asymptomatic subjects. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 97, 358–363.
Favaro, A, Caregaro, L, Di Pascoli, L, Brambilla, F and Santonastaso, P (2004) Total serum cholesterol and suicidality in anorexia nervosa. Psychosomatic Medicine 66, 548–552.
Favaro, A and Santonaso, P (1999) Different types of self-injurious behavior in bulimia nervosa. Comprehensive Psychiatry 40, 57–60.
Favaro, A, Santonastaso, P, Monteleone, P, Bellodi, L, Mauri, M, Rotondo, A, Erzegovesi, S and Maj, M (2008) Self-injurious behavior and attempted suicide in purging bulimia nervosa: associations with psychiatric comorbidity. Journal of Affective Disorders 105, 285–289.
Fedorowicz, VJ, Falissard, B, Foulon, C, Dardennes, R, Divac, SM, Guelfi, JD and Rouillon, F (2007) Factors associated with suicidal behaviors in a large French sample of inpatients with eating disorders. International Journal of Eating Disorders 40, 589–595.
Fennig, S and Hadas, A (2010) Suicidal behavior and depression in adolescents with eating disorders. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry 64, 32–39.
Fichter, MM and Quadflieg, N (2016) Mortality in eating disorders – results of a large prospective clinical longitudinal study. International Journal of Eating Disorders 49, 391–401.
Forcano, L, Fernández-Aranda, F, Álvarez-Moya, E, Bulik, C, Granero, R, Gratacòs, M, Jiménez-Murcia, S, Krug, I, Mercader, JM, Riesco, N, Saus, E, Santamaría, JJ and Estivill, X (2009) Suicide attempts in bulimia nervosa: personality and psychopathological correlates. European Psychiatry 24, 91–97.
Forcano, L, Álvarez, E, Santamaría, JJ, Jimenez-Murcia, S, Granero, R, Penelo, E, Alonso, P, Sánchez, I, Menchón, JM, Ulman, F, Bulik, CM and Fernández-Aranda, F (2011) Suicide attempts in anorexia nervosa subtypes. Comprehensive Psychiatry 52, 352–358.
Foulon, C, Guelfi, JD, Kipman, A, Adès, J, Romo, L, Houdeyer, K, Marquez, S, Mouren, MC, Rouillon, F and Gorwood, P (2007) Switching to the bingeing/purging subtype of anorexia nervosa is frequently associated with suicidal attempts. European Psychiatry 22, 513–519.
Franko, DL and Keel, PK (2006) Suicidality in eating disorders: occurrence, correlates, and clinical implications. Clinical Psychology Review 26, 769–782.
Franko, DL, Keel, PK, Dorer, DJ, Blais, MA, Delinsky, SS, Eddy, KT, Charat, V, Renn, R and Herzog, DB (2004) What predicts suicide attempts in women with eating disorders? Psychological Medicine 34, 843–853.
Franko, DL, Dorer, DJ, Keel, PK, Jackson, S, Manzo, MP and Herzog, DB (2008) Interactions between eating disorders and drug abuse. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 196, 556–561.
Grucza, RA, Przybeck, TR and Cloninger, CR (2007) Prevalence and correlates of binge eating disorder in a community sample. Comprehensive Psychiatry 48, 124–131.
Herzog, DB, Dorer, DJ, Keel, PK, Selwyn, SE, Ekeblad, ER, Flores, AT, Greenwood, DN, Burwell, RA and Keller, MB (1999) Recovery and relapse in anorexia and bulimia nervosa: a 7.5-year follow-up study. Journal of American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 38, 829–837.
Hu, J, Dong, Y, Chen, X, Liu, Y, Ma, D, Liu, X, Zheng, R, Mao, X, Chen, T and He, W (2015) Prevalence of suicide attempts among Chinese adolescents: a meta-analysis of cross-sectional studies. Comprehensive Psychiatry 61, 78–89.
Huas, C, Caille, A, Godart, N, Foulon, C, Pham-Scottez, A, Divac, S, Dechartres, A, Lavoisy, G, Guelfi, JD, Rouillon, F and Falissard, B (2011 a) Factors predictive of ten-year mortality in severe anorexia nervosa patients. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 123, 62–70.
Huas, C, Godart, N, Foulon, C, Pham-Scottez, A, Divac, S, Fedorowicz, V, Peyracque, E, Dardennes, R, Falissard, B and Rouillon, F (2011 b) Predictors of dropout from inpatient treatment for anorexia nervosa: data from a large French sample. Psychiatry Research 185, 421–426.
Huas, C, Godart, N, Caille, A, Pham-Scottez, A, Foulon, C, Divac, SM, Lavoisy, G, Guelfi, JD, Falissard, B and Rouillon, F (2013) Mortality and its predictors in severe bulimia nervosa patients. European Eating Disorders Review 21, 15–19.
Hudson, JI, Hiripi, E, Pope, HG Jr. and Kessler, RC (2007) The prevalence and correlates of eating disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Biological Psychiatry 61, 348–358.
Jin, ZC, Zhou, XH and He, J (2015) Statistical methods for dealing with publication bias in meta-analysis. Statistics in Medicine 34, 343–360.
Joiner, TE (2005) Why People die by Suicide. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Kask, J, Ekselius, L, Brandt, L, Kollia, N, Ekbom, A and Papadopoulos, FC (2016) Mortality in women with anorexia nervosa: the role of comorbid psychiatric disorders. Psychosomatic Medicine 78, 910–919.
Keshaviah, A, Edkins, K, Hastings, ER, Krishna, M, Franko, DL, Herzog, DB, Thomas, JJ, Murray, HB and Eddy, KT (2014) Re-examining premature mortality in anorexia nervosa: a meta-analysis redux. Comprehensive Psychiatry 55, 1773–1784.
Keski-Rahkonen, A and Mustelin, L (2016) Epidemiology of eating disorders in Europe: prevalence, incidence, comorbidity, course, consequences, and risk factors. Current Opinion in Psychiatry 29, 340–345.
Kessler, RC, Berglund, PA, Chiu, WT, Deitz, AC, Hudson, JI, Shahly, V, Aguilar-Gaxiola, S, Alonso, J, Angermeyer, MC, Benjet, C, Bruffaerts, R, de Girolamo, G, de Graaf, R, Maria Haro, J, Kovess-Masfety, V, O'Neill, S, Posada-Villa, J, Sasu, C, Scott, K, Viana, MC and Xavier, M (2013) The prevalence and correlates of binge eating disorder in the World Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys. Biological Psychiatry 73, 904–914.
Kostro, K, Lerman, JB and Attia, E (2014) The current status of suicide and self-injury in eating disorders: a narrative review. Journal of Eating Disorders 2, 19.
Laget, J, Plancherel, B, Stéphan, P, Bolognini, M, Corcos, M, Jeammet, P and Halfon, O (2006) Personality and repeated suicide attempts in dependent adolescents and young adults. Crisis 27, 164–171.
Liang, KY and Meg Tseng, MC (2011) Impulsive behaviors in female patients with eating disorders in a university hospital in northern Taiwan. Journal of the Formosan Medical Association 110, 607–610.
Marzano, L, Fazel, S, Rivlin, A and Hawton, K (2010) Psychiatric disorders in women prisoners who have engaged in near-lethal self-harm: case-control study. British Journal of Psychiatry 197, 219–226.
Mayes, SD, Fernandez-Mendoza, J, Baweja, R, Calhoun, S, Mahr, F, Aggarwal, R and Arnold, M (2014) Correlates of suicide ideation and attempts in children and adolescents with eating disorders. Eating Disorders 22, 352–366.
Milos, G, Spindler, A, Hepp, U and Schnyder, U (2004) Suicide attempts and suicidal ideation: links with psychiatric comorbidity in eating disorder subjects. General Hospital Psychiatry 26, 129–135.
Moher, D, Liberati, A, Tetzlaff, J and Altman, DG (2009) Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: the PRISMA statement. PLoS Medicine 6, e1000097.
Monteleone, P and Brambilla, F (2015) Multiple comorbidities in people with eating disorders. Key Issues in Mental Health 179, 66–80.
Nagata, T, Kawarada, Y, Kiriike, N and Iketani, T (2000) Multi-impulsivity of Japanese patients with eating disorders: primary and secondary impulsivity. Psychiatry Research 94, 239–250.
Nock, MK, Borges, G, Bromet, EJ, Cha, CB, Kessler, RC and Lee, S (2008) Suicide and suicidal behavior. Epidemiologic Reviews 30, 133–154.
Nock, MK, Hwang, I, Sampson, N, Kessler, RC, Angermeyer, M, Beautrais, A, Borges, G, Bromet, E, Bruffaerts, R, de Girolamo, G, de Graaf, R, Florescu, S, Gureje, O, Haro, JM, Hu, C, Huang, Y, Karam, EG, Kawakami, N, Kovess, V, Levinson, D, Posada-Villa, J, Sagar, R, Tomov, T, Viana, MC and Williams, DR (2009) Cross-national analysis of the associations among mental disorders and suicidal behavior: findings from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys. PLoS Medicine 6, e1000123.
Oliosi, M and Dalle Grave, R (2003) A comparison of clinical and psychological features in subgroups of patients with anorexia nervosa. European Eating Disorders Review 11, 306–314.
Pisetsky, EM, Thornton, LM, Lichtenstein, P, Pedersen, NL and Bulik, CM (2013) Suicide attempts in women with eating disorders. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 122, 1042–1056.
Pisetsky, EM, Wonderlich, SA, Crosby, RD, Peterson, CB, Mitchell, JE, Engel, SG, Joiner, TE, Bardone-Cone, A, Le Grange, D, Klein, MH and Crow, SJ (2015) Depression and personality traits associated with emotion dysregulation: correlates of suicide attempts in women with bulimia nervosa. European Eating Disorders Review 23, 537–544.
Portzky, G, van Heeringen, K and Vervaet, M (2014) Attempted suicide in patients with eating disorders. Crisis 35, 378–387.
Preti, A, Girolamo, G, Vilagut, G, Alonso, J, Graaf, R, Bruffaerts, R, Demyttenaere, K, Pinto-Meza, A, Haro, JM and Morosini, P (2009) The epidemiology of eating disorders in six European countries: results of the ESEMeD-WMH project. Journal of Psychiatry Research 43, 1125–1132.
Preti, A, Rocchi, MB, Sisti, D, Camboni, MV and Miotto, P (2011) A comprehensive meta-analysis of the risk of suicide in eating disorders. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 124, 6–17.
Pryor, T, Wiederman, MW and McGilley, B (1996) Clinical correlates of anorexia nervosa subtypes. International Journal of Eating Disorders 19, 371–379.
Rothstein, H, Sutton, AJ and Borenstein, M (2005) Publication Bias in Meta-Analysis: Prevention, Assessment and Adjustments. Chichester, England: Wiley.
Rucker, G, Schwarzer, G and Carpenter, J (2008) Arcsine test for publication bias in meta-analyses with binary outcomes. Statistics in Medicine 27, 746–763.
Runfola, CD, Thornton, LM, Pisetsky, EM, Bulik, CM and Birgegård, A (2014) Self-image and suicide in a Swedish national eating disorders clinical register. Comprehensive Psychiatry 55, 439–449.
Ruuska, J, Kaltiala-Heino, R, Rantanen, P and Koivisto, AM (2005) Psychopathological distress predicts suicidal ideation and self-harm in adolescent eating disorder outpatients. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 14, 276–281.
Sallet, PC, De Alvarenga, PG, Ferrão, Y, De Mathis, MA, Torres, AR, Marques, A, Hounie, AG, Fossaluza, V, Rosario, MCD, Fontenelle, LF, Petribu, K and Fleitlich-Bilyk, B (2010) Eating disorders in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder: prevalence and clinical correlates. International Journal of Eating Disorders 43, 315–325.
Schwarzer, G (2007) Meta: an R package for meta-analysis. R News 7, 40–45.
Selby, EA, Smith, AR, Bulik, CM, Olmsted, MP, Thornton, L, McFarlane, TL, Berrettini, WH, Brandt, HA, Crawford, S, Fichter, MM, Halmi, KA, Jacoby, GE, Johnson, CL, Jones, I, Kaplan, AS, Mitchell, JE, Nutzinger, DO, Strober, M, Treasure, J, Woodside, DB, Kaye, WH and Joiner, TE (2010) Habitual starvation and provocative behaviors: two potential routes to extreme suicidal behavior in anorexia nervosa. Behaviour Research and Therapy 48, 634–645.
Smith, CE, Pisetsky, EM, Wonderlich, SA, Crosby, RD, Mitchell, JE, Joiner, TE, Bardone-Cone, A, Le Grange, D, Klein, MH, Crow, SJ and Peterson, CB (2016) Is childhood trauma associated with lifetime suicide attempts in women with bulimia nervosa? Eating and Weight Disorders 21, 199–204.
Smith, AR, Zuromski, KL and Dodd, DR (2017) Eating disorders and suicidality: what we know, what we don't know, and suggestions for future research. Current Opinion in Psychology 22, 63–67.
Smith, AR, Velkoff, EA, Ribeiro, JD and Franklin, J (in press) Are eating disorders and related symptoms risk factors for suicidal thoughts and behaviors? A meta-analysis. Suicide and Life Threatening Behaviors.
Spindler, A and Milos, G (2004) Psychiatric comorbidity and inpatient treatment history in bulimic subjects. General Hospital Psychiatry 26, 18–23.
Stein, D, Zinman, D, Halevy, L, Yaroslavsky, A, Bachar, E, Kreitler, S and Orbach, I (2013) Attitudes toward life and death and suicidality among inpatient female adolescents with eating disorders. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 201, 1066–1071.
Sunday, SR, Peterson, CB, Andreyka, K, Crow, SJ, Mitchell, JE and Halmi, KA (2001) Differences in DSM-III-R and DSM-IV diagnoses in eating disorder patients. Comprehensive Psychiatry 42, 448–455.
Suokas, JT, Suvisaari, JM, Gissler, M, Löfman, R, Linna, MS, Raevuori, A and Haukka, J (2013) Mortality in eating disorders: a follow-up study of adult eating disorder patients treated in tertiary care, 1995–2010. Psychiatry Research 210, 1101–1106.
Suokas, JT, Suvisaari, JM, Grainger, M, Raevuori, A, Gissler, M and Haukka, J (2014) Suicide attempts and mortality in eating disorders: a follow-up study of eating disorder patients. General Hospital Psychiatry 36, 355–357.
Swanson, SA, Crow, SJ, Le Grange, D, Swendsen, J and Merikangas, KR (2011) Prevalence and correlates of eating disorders in adolescents: results from the national comorbidity survey replication adolescent supplement. Archives of General Psychiatry 68, 714–723.
The R Foundation for Statistical Computing (2017) R ver. 3.4.1.
Victor, SE and Klonsky, ED (2014) Correlates of suicide attempts among self-injurers: a meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Reviews 34, 282–297.
von Lojewski, A, Boyd, C, Abraham, S and Russell, J (2012) Lifetime and recent DSM and ICD psychiatric comorbidity of inpatients engaging in different eating disorder behaviours. Eating and Weight Disorders 17, e185–e193.
Wade, TD, Fairweather-Schmidt, AK, Zhu, G and Martin, NG (2015) Does shared genetic risk contribute to the co-occurrence of eating disorders and suicidality? International Journal of Eating Disorders 48, 684–691.
Welch, E, Jangmo, A, Thornton, LM, Norring, C, von Hausswolff-Juhlin, Y, Herman, BK, Pawaskar, M, Larsson, H and Bulik, CM (2016) Treatment-seeking patients with binge-eating disorder in the Swedish national registers: clinical course and psychiatric comorbidity. BMC Psychiatry 16, 163.
Wiederman, MW and Pryor, T (1996) Multi-impulsivity among women with bulimia nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders 20, 359–365.
Wildes, JE, Marcus, MD, Gaskill, JA and Ringham, R (2007) Depressive and manic-hypomanic spectrum psychopathology in patients with anorexia nervosa. Comprehensive Psychiatry 48, 413–418.
Wildman, P, Lilenfeld, LRR and Marcus, MD (2004) Axis I comorbidity onset and parasuicide in women with eating disorders. International Journal of Eating Disorders 35, 190–197.
Witte, TK, Zuromski, KL, Gauthier, JM, Smith, AR, Bartlett, M, Siegfried, N, Bodell, L and Goodwin, N (2015) Restrictive eating: associated with suicide attempts, but not acquired capability in residential patients with eating disorders. Psychiatry Research 235, 90–96.
World Health Organization (1990) International Statistical Classification of Diseases, Injuries and Causes of Death, 10th Edn. Geneva: World Health Organization.
Yao, S, Kuja-Halkola, R, Thornton, LM, Runfola, CD, D'Onofrio, BM, Almqvist, C, Lichtenstein, P, Sjölander, A, Larsson, H and Bulik, CM (2016) Familial liability for eating disorders and suicide attempts evidence from a population registry in Sweden. JAMA Psychiatry 73, 284–291.
Zeng, X, Zhang, Y, Kwong, JS, Zhang, C, Li, S, Sun, F, Niu, Y and Du, L (2015) The methodological quality assessment tools for preclinical and clinical studies, systematic review and meta-analysis, and clinical practice guideline: a systematic review. Journal of Evidence Based Medicine 8, 2–10.
Zerwas, S, Larsen, JT, Petersen, L, Thornton, LM, Mortensen, PB and Bulik, CM (2015) The incidence of eating disorders in a Danish register study: associations with suicide risk and mortality. Journal of Psychiatric Research 65, 16–22.