aan het Rot, M and Hogenelst, K (2014) The influence of affective empathy and autism spectrum traits on empathic accuracy. PLoS ONE 9, 1–7.
Bargenquast, R and Schweitzer, RD (2014) Enhancing sense of recovery and self-reflectivity in people with schizophrenia: a pilot study of metacognitive narrative psychotherapy. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice 87, 338–356.
Bargenquast, R, Schweitzer, RD and Drake, S (2015) Reawakening reflective capacity in the psychotherapy of schizophrenia: a case study. Journal of Clinical Psychology 71, 136–145.
Baron-Cohen, S, et al. (1999) Recognition of faux pas by normally developing children and children with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 29, 407–418.
Bateman, A, Fonagy, P and Allen, JG (2009) Theory and practice of mentalization-based therapy. In Gabbard, GO (ed). Textbook of Psychotherapeutic Treatments. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing, 757–780.
Beck, AT, et al. (2004) A new instrument for measuring insight: the Beck Cognitive Insight Scale. Schizophrenia Research 68, 319–329.
Boyd Ritsher, J, Otilingam, PG and Grajales, M (2003) Internalized stigma of mental illness: psychometric properties of a new measure. Psychiatry Research 121, 31–49.
Buck, KD and George, SE (2016) Metacognitive reflective and insight therapy for a person who gained maximal levels of metacognitive capacity and was able to terminate therapy. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy 46, 187–195.
Buck, KD and Lysaker, PH (2009) Addressing metacognitive capacity in the psychotherapy for schizophrenia: a case study. Clinical Case Studies 8, 463–472.
Charlton, C, et al. (2017) MLwiN. Centre for Multilevel Modelling, University of Bristol: Bristol.
Choi-Kain, LW and Gunderson, JG (2008) Mentalization: ontogeny, assessment, and application in the treatment of borderline personality disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry 165, 1127–1135.
Davis, LW, Eicher, AC and Lysaker, PH (2011) Metacognition as a predictor of therapeutic alliance over 26 weeks of psychotherapy in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research 129, 85–90.
Davis, MH (1983) Measuring individual differences in empathy: evidence for a multidimensional approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 44, 113–126.
de Jong, S, et al. (2016 a) Practical implications of metacognitively oriented psychotherapy in psychosis. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 204, 713–716.
de Jong, S, et al. (2016 b) Metacognitive reflection and insight therapy (MERIT) with a patient with severe symptoms of disorganization. Journal of Clinical Psychology 72, 164–174.
Dimaggio, G, et al. (2008) Know yourself and you shall know the other… to a certain extent: multiple paths of influence of self-reflection on mindreading. Consciousness and Cognition 17, 778–789.
Dimaggio, G, et al. (2007) Psychotherapy of Personality Disorders. London: Routledge.
Dubreucq, J, Delorme, C and Roure, R (2016) Metacognitive therapy focused on psychosocial function in psychosis. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy 46, 197–206.
Fonagy, P, Gergely, G and Jurist, EL (2002) Affect Regulation, Mentalization and the Development of the Self. New York: Other Press.
Frith, CD (1992) The Cognitive Neuropsychology of Schizophrenia. Hove: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Ltd.
Gould, RA, et al. (2001) Cognitive therapy for psychosis in schizophrenia: an effect size analysis. Schizophrenia Research 48, 335–342.
Gross, JJ and John, OP (1995) Facets of emotional expressivity: three self-report factors and their correlates. Personality and Individual Differences 19, 555–568.
Hamm, JA and Firmin, RL (2016) Disorganization and individual psychotherapy for schizophrenia: a case report of metacognitive reflection and insight therapy. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy 46, 227–234.
Hamm, J, et al. (2012) Metacognition and social cognition in schizophrenia: stability and relationship to concurrent and prospective symptom assessments. Journal of Clinical Psychology 68, 1303–1312.
Haro, JM, et al. (2003) The clinical global impression-schizophrenia scale: a simple instrument to measure the diversity of symptoms present in schizophrenia. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. Supplementum 107, 16–23.
Hasson-Ohayon, I, Kravetz, S and Lysaker, PH (2017) The special challenges of psychotherapy with persons with psychosis: intersubjective metacognitive model of agreement and shared meaning. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy 24, 428–440.
Hillis, JD, et al. (2015) Metacognitive reflective and insight therapy for people in early phase of a schizophrenia spectrum disorder. Journal of Clinical Psychology 71, 125–135.
Ickes, W (1997) Empathic Accuracy. New York: Guildford Press.
Kay, SR, Fiszbein, a and Opler, La (1987) The positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS) for schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin 13, 261–276.
Kazdin, AE (2010) Research Design in Clinical Psychology, 4th edn. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Kukla, M, Lysaker, PH and Salyers, MP (2013). Do persons with schizophrenia who have better metacognitive capacity also have a stronger subjective experience of recovery? Psychiatry Research 209, 381–385.
Ladegaard, N, et al. (2016) The course of social cognitive and metacognitive ability in depression: deficit are only partially normalized after full remission of first episode major depression. British Journal of Clinical Psychology 55, 269–286.
Lee, J, et al. (2011) Schizophrenia patients are impaired in empathic accuracy. Psychological Medicine 41, 2297–2304.
Leonhardt, BL, et al. (2016 a) Targeting insight in first episode psychosis: a case study of metacognitive reflection insight therapy (MERIT). Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy 46, 207–216.
Leonhardt, BL, et al. (2016 b) Emergence of psychotic content in psychotherapy: an exploratory qualitative analysis of content, process, and therapist variables in a single case study. Psychotherapy Research 3307, 1–17.
Lysaker, PH, Buck, KD and Ringer, J (2007) The recovery of metacognitive capacity in schizophrenia across 32 months of individual psychotherapy: a case study. Psychotherapy Research 17, 713–720.
Lysaker, PH, et al. (2009) Lack of awareness of illness in schizophrenia: conceptualizations, correlates and treatment approaches. Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics 9, 1035–1043.
Lysaker, PH, et al. (2005 a) Metacognition amidst narratives of self and illness in schizophrenia: associations with neurocognition, symptoms, insight and quality of life. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 112, 64–71.
Lysaker, PH, et al. (2005 b) Changes in narrative structure and content in schizophrenia in long term individual psychotherapy: a single case study. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy 12, 406–416.
Lysaker, PH and Dimaggio, G (2014) Metacognitive capacities for reflection in schizophrenia: implications for developing treatments. Schizophrenia Bulletin 40, 487–491.
Lysaker, PH, et al. (2010 a) Metacognition and schizophrenia: the capacity for self-reflectivity as a predictor for prospective assessments of work performance over six months. Schizophrenia Research 122, 124–130.
Lysaker, PH, et al. (2011 a) Metacognition in schizophrenia: the relationship of mastery to coping, insight, self-esteem, social anxiety, and various facets of neurocognition. The British Journal of Clinical Psychology/the British Psychological Society 50, 412–424.
Lysaker, PH, et al. (2011 b) Metacognition and social function in schizophrenia: associations of mastery with functional skills competence. Schizophrenia Research 131, 214–218.
Lysaker, PH, et al. (2011 c) Metacognition in schizophrenia: correlates and stability of deficits in theory of mind and self-reflectivity. Psychiatry Research 190, 18–22.
Lysaker, PH, et al. (2011 d) Addressing metacognitive capacity for self reflection in the psychotherapy for schizophrenia: a conceptual model of the key tasks and processes. Psychology and Psychotherapy 84, 58–69.
Lysaker, PH, et al. (2010 b) Metacognition as a mediator of the effects of impairments in neurocognition on social function in schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 122, 405–413.
Lysaker, PH, et al. (2014) Deficits in metacognitive capacity distinguish patients with schizophrenia from those with prolonged medical adversity. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 55, 126–132.
Lysaker, PH, et al. (2013) Depression and insight in schizophrenia: comparisons of levels of deficits in social cognition and metacognition and internalized stigma across three profiles. Schizophrenia Research 148, 18–23.
Macbeth, A, et al. (2014) Metacognition, symptoms and premorbid functioning in a first episode psychosis sample. Comprehensive Psychiatry 55, 268–273.
McGurk, SR and Mueser, KT (2006) Cognitive and clinical predictors of work outcomes in clients with schizophrenia receiving supported employment services: 4-year follow-up. Administration and Policy in Mental Health 33, 598–606.
Nasrallah, H, Morosini, P and Gagnon, DD (2008) Reliability, validity and ability to detect change of the personal and social performance scale in patients with stable schizophrenia. Psychiatry Research 161, 213–224.
Nicolò, G, et al. (2012) Associations of metacognition with symptoms, insight, and neurocognition in clinically stable outpatients with schizophrenia. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 200, 644–647.
Potkin, S, et al. (2012) PRM30 evaluating readiness for work in patients with schizophrenia: “The Readiness for Work Questionnaire” (WoRQ). Value in Health 15, A650.
Priebe, S, et al. (1999) Application and results of the Manchester short assessment of quality of life (Mansa). International Journal of Social Psychiatry 45, 7–12.
Reitan, RM and Wolfson, D (1985) The Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Test Battery: Therapy and Clinical Interpretation. Tucson: Neuropsychological Press.
Reniers, RLEP, et al. (2011) The QCAE: a questionnaire of cognitive and affective empathy. Journal of Personality Assessment 93, 84–95.
Riggs, SE, et al. (2012) Assessment of cognitive insight: a qualitative review. Schizophrenia Bulletin 38, 338–350.
Rush, JA, et al. (2003) The 16-item quick inventory of depressive symptomatology (QIDS), clinician rating (QIDS-C), and self-report (QIDS-SR): a psychometric evaluation in patients with chronic major depression. Depression 54, 573–583.
Schmand, BA, et al. (1991) De Nederlandse Leestest voor Volwassenen: een maat voor het premorbide intelligentieniveau. The Dutch aduld reading test: a measure of premorbid intelligence. Tijdschrift voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie 22, 15–19.
Semerari, A, et al. (2003) How to evaluate metacognitive functioning in psychotherapy? The metacognition assessment scale and its applications. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy 10, 238–261.
Sheehan, DV, et al. (1998) The Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (M.I.N.I.): the development and validation of a structured diagnostic psychiatric interview for DSM-IV and ICD-10. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 59, 22–33.
Snijders, TAB and Bosker, RJ (2000) Multilevel Analysis: An Introduction to Basic and Advanced Multilevel Modeling Second Edition. London: Sage.
Tombaugh, TN (2004) Trail making test A and B: normative data stratified by age and education. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists 19, 203–214.
van der Meer, L, et al. (2010) Self-reflection and the brain: a theoretical review and meta-analysis of neuroimaging studies with implications for schizophrenia. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 34, 935–946.
van Donkersgoed, RJM, et al. (2014) A manual-based individual therapy to improve metacognition in schizophrenia: protocol of a multi-center RCT. BMC Psychiatry 14, 27.
van Donkersgoed, RJM, de Jong, S and Pijnenborg, GHM (2016) Metacognitive reflection and insight therapy (MERIT) with a patient with persistent negative symptoms. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy 46, 245–253.
van Veluw, SJ and Chance, Sa (2014) Differentiating between self and others: an ALE meta-analysis of fMRI studies of self-recognition and theory of mind. Brain Imaging and Behavior 8, 24–38.
Wechsler, D (1995) Manual for the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale. Oxford: Psychological Corp.
Wykes, T, et al. (2008) Cognitive behavior therapy for schizophrenia: effect sizes, clinical models, and methodological rigor. Schizophrenia Bulletin 34, 523–537.