The adult psychotherapist model of staffing is considerably strengthened by a clinical directorate management structure with a specific local pay scale for psychotherapists. When such arrangements exist they are usually welcomed by clinicians and managers. One reason for this is that they make it possible to ensure that services maintain good clinical standards while meeting the managerial objectives of the unit or trust. Underlying the success of these arrangements is the fact that by promoting separation and individuation they give services a firm identity. This is good for the service itself and also for the unit or trust as a whole, because separation and individuation are the basis of co-operation and integration.