The objects proposed by the author of this paper are,—
1. To correct certain opinions prevalent with regard to the membrane of Jacob, this having been frequently comfounded with another, the structure of which forms the immediate subject of the paper.
2. To shew that the Pigmentum Nigrum is not a mere mucus or varnish exhaled by the surfaces on which it is found, but is deposited in a membrane distinct from the choroid, which possesses a peculiar structure hitherto unknown. This membrane, being the seat of the pigment, but not the pigment itself, which may or may not be present, the author proposes to call the Membrane of the Pigment.