H-measures were recently introduced by Luc Tartar as a tool which might provide better understanding of propagating oscillations. Independently, Patrick Gerard introduced the same objects under the name of microlocal defect measures. Partial differential equations of mathematical physics can often be written in the form of a symmetric system:
where Ak and B are matrix functions, while u is an unknown vector function, and f a known vector function. In this work we prove a general propagation theorem for H-measures associated to symmetric systems. This result, combined with the localisation property, is then used to obtain more precise results on the behaviour of H-measures associated to the wave equation, Maxwell's and Dirac's systems, and second-order equations in two variables.