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New orbital analysis of stars at the Galactic center using speckle holography and orbital priors

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  22 May 2014

Anna Boehle
Affiliation:
Department of Physics and Astronomy, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1547, USA email: aboehle@astro.ucla.edu
Rainer Schödel
Affiliation:
Istituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia (CSIC), Glorieta de la Astronomia S/N, E-18008 Granada, Spain
Leo Meyer
Affiliation:
Department of Physics and Astronomy, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1547, USA email: aboehle@astro.ucla.edu
Andrea M. Ghez
Affiliation:
Department of Physics and Astronomy, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1547, USA email: aboehle@astro.ucla.edu
Corresponding
E-mail address:
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Abstract

We present initial results of a study that has more than doubled the time baseline for astrometric measurements of faint stars orbiting the supermassive black hole (SMBH) at the Galactic center. The advent of adaptive optics has enabled stars as faint as K = 19 mag to be tracked at 50 mas resolution for the last decade. While similar resolution images exist from the prior decade, they were obtained from speckle imaging data analyzed with the technique of shift-and-add, which limited detections to stars brighter than K = 16 mag. By improving the speckle data analysis technique with speckle holography and using prior orbital knowledge, we are now able to track stars as faint as ∼18 mag at 50 mas resolution through the early Keck speckle data sets (1995-2005). This methodology has already led to the detection of two short-period stars never previously seen in speckle images, such that our data now spans their full orbits. We can now better constrain the orbital parameters of all stars in the intriguing “S-star cluster,” which will ultimately give us insight into the origin of these stars and be used to probe the curvature of space-time in the unexplored regime near a SMBH.

Type
Contributed Papers
Copyright
Copyright © International Astronomical Union 2014 

References

Ghez, A. M., et al. 2008, ApJ 689, 1044CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gillessen, S., et al. 2009, ApJ 692, 1075CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Meyer, L., Ghez, A. M., Schödel, R., Boehle, A., et al. 2012, Science 338, 84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schödel, R., Yelda, S., Ghez, A. M., et al. 2013, MNRAS 429, 1367CrossRefGoogle Scholar

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New orbital analysis of stars at the Galactic center using speckle holography and orbital priors
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