Please note, due to essential maintenance online transactions will not be possible between 09:00 and 13:00 BST, on Monday 20th January 2020 (04:00-08:00 EDT). We apologise for any inconvenience.
The middle B to the early F Main Sequence stars have some of the most quiet stellar atmospheres. In this part of the HR diagram we find stars with atmospheres in radiative equilibrium. They lack the convective circulations of the middle F and cooler stars and the massive stellar winds of hotter stars. When stars of different mass evolve off the Main Sequence in this part of the HR Diagram their evolutionary paths do not cross initially. Thus stars with the same effective temperature and surface gravity have the same luminosity and mass. By comparing their elemental abundances, we might be able to identify physical processes which cause any differences in their abundances. Here we begin with stars whose effective temperatures and surface gravities are similar, and which have been analyzed by us using spectra obtained from the Dominion Astrophysical Observatory (DAO). Improvements in our knowledge of the energy distributions of stars (for example via GAIA measurements) should lead to improved estimates of stellar effective temperatures and surface gravities.