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The INTEGRAL mission – an overview

  • P. Kretschmar (a1), C. Winkler (a2), T. J.-L. Courvoisier (a3) (a4), G. Di Cocco (a5), R. Diehl (a6), N. Gehrels (a7), S. Grebenev (a8), W. Hermsen (a8), J. M. Mas-Hesse (a9), F. Lebrun (a10), N. Lund (a11), G. G. C. Palumbo (a12), J. Paul (a10), J.-P. Roques (a13), R. Sunyaev (a8) (a14), B. Teegarden (a7) and P. Ubertini (a15)...

Abstract

The ESA observatory INTEGRAL (International Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory) is dedicated to fine imaging and spectroscopy in the energy range 15 keV to 10 Mev with concurrent X-ray (3-35 keV) and optical monitoring. It was launched on October 17, 2002 and has been succesfully operating ever since. Its two main instruments the spectrometer SPI – optimized for high resolution spectroscopy – and the imager IBIS – optimized for for high resolution imaging – are complemented by the X-ray monitor JEM-X and the optical monitor OMC. All the high energy instruments use coded mask techniques, allowing imaging in the gamma-ray range and combining wide fields of view with high spatial resolution. The presentation gives an overview of the unique properties of INTEGRAL.

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