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Filamentary Flows and Clump-fed High-mass Star Formation in G22

  • J. Yuan (a1), J.-Z. Li (a1) and Y. Wu (a2)


G22 is a hub-filament system composed of four supercritical filaments. Velocity gradients are detected along three filaments. A total mass infall rate of 700 M Myr−1 would double the hub mass in about three free-fall times. The most massive clump C1 would be in global collapse with an infall velocity of 0.26 km s−1 and a mass infall rate of 5 × 10−4 M yr−1, which is supported by the prevalent HCO+ (3-2) and 13CO (3-2) blue profiles. A hot molecular core (SMA1) was revealed in C1. At the SMA1 center, there is a massive protostar (MIR1) driving multipolar outflows which are associated with clusters of class I methanol masers. MIR1 may be still growing with an accretion rate of 7 × 10−5 M yr−1. Filamentary flows, clump-scale collapse, core-scale accretion coexist in G22, suggesting that high-mass starless cores may not be prerequisite to form high-mass stars. In the high-mass star formation process, the central protostar, the core, and the clump can grow in mass simultaneously.



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André, P., Di Francesco, J., Ward-Thompson, D., Inutsuka, S.-I., Pudritz, R. E., & Pineda, J. E. 2014, in: Beuther, Henrik, Klessen, Ralf S., Dullemond, Cornelis P., and Henning, Thomas (eds.), Protostars and Planets VI (University of Arizona Press, Tucson), p. 27
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