Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Effects of ICMEs on High Energetic Particles as Observed by the Global Muon Detector Network (GMDN)

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  24 July 2018

A. Dal Lago
Affiliation:
National Institute for Space Research (INPE), Avenida dos Astronautas-12227-010, São José dos Campos-SP, Brazil email: alisson.dallago@inpe.br
C. R. Braga
Affiliation:
National Institute for Space Research (INPE), Avenida dos Astronautas-12227-010, São José dos Campos-SP, Brazil email: alisson.dallago@inpe.br
R. R. S. de Mendonca
Affiliation:
National Institute for Space Research (INPE), Avenida dos Astronautas-12227-010, São José dos Campos-SP, Brazil email: alisson.dallago@inpe.br
M. Rockenbach
Affiliation:
National Institute for Space Research (INPE), Avenida dos Astronautas-12227-010, São José dos Campos-SP, Brazil email: alisson.dallago@inpe.br
E. Echer
Affiliation:
National Institute for Space Research (INPE), Avenida dos Astronautas-12227-010, São José dos Campos-SP, Brazil email: alisson.dallago@inpe.br
N. J. Schuch
Affiliation:
Southern Regional Space Research Center - CRS/INPE, Santa Maria, Brazil
K. Munakata
Affiliation:
Shinshu University, Matsumoto, Japan
C. Kato
Affiliation:
Shinshu University, Matsumoto, Japan
T. Kuwabara
Affiliation:
Chiba University, Chiba City, Chiba, Japan
M. Kozai
Affiliation:
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency - JAXA, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, Japan
H. K. Al Jassar
Affiliation:
Kuwait University, Kuwait City, Kuwait
M. M. Sharma
Affiliation:
Kuwait University, Kuwait City, Kuwait
M. Tokumaru
Affiliation:
Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University, Japan
M. Duldig
Affiliation:
University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia
J. Humble
Affiliation:
University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia
P. Evenson
Affiliation:
Bartol Research Institute, University of Delaware, Newark, USA
I. Sabbah
Affiliation:
Department of Natural Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Public Authority for Applied Education and Training, Kuwait City, Kuwait
Corresponding
E-mail address:
Rights & Permissions[Opens in a new window]

Abstract

The Global Muon Detector Network (GMDN) is composed by four ground cosmic ray detectors distributed around the Earth: Nagoya (Japan), Hobart (Australia), Sao Martinho da Serra (Brazil) and Kuwait city (Kuwait). The network has operated since March 2006. It has been upgraded a few times, increasing its detection area. Each detector is sensitive to muons produced by the interactions of ~50 GeV Galactic Cosmic Rays (GCR) with the Earth′s atmosphere. At these energies, GCR are known to be affected by interplanetary disturbances in the vicinity of the earth. Of special interest are the interplanetary counterparts of coronal mass ejections (ICMEs) and their driven shocks because they are known to be the main origins of geomagnetic storms. It has been observed that these ICMEs produce changes in the cosmic ray gradient, which can be measured by GMDN observations. In terms of applications for space weather, some attempts have been made to use GMDN for forecasting ICME arrival at the earth with lead times of the order of few hours. Scientific space weather studies benefit the most from the GMDN network. As an example, studies have been able to determine ICME orientation at the earth using cosmic ray gradient. Such determinations are of crucial importance for southward interplanetary magnetic field estimates, as well as ICME rotation.

Type
Contributed Papers
Copyright
Copyright © International Astronomical Union 2018 

References

Braga, et al. 2011, 32nd International Cosmic Ray Conference, 10, 286, ISBN: 978-1-63439-138-2Google Scholar
Burlaga, L. F., Sittler, E., Mariani, F. & Schwenn, R. 1981, J. Geophys. Res., 86, 6673CrossRefGoogle Scholar
De Mendonca, et al. 2016, ApJ, 830, 88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Duldig, M. 2000, Space Science Review, 93, 207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Forbush, S. E. 1937, Physical Review, 51, 12, 1108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fushishita, A., et al. 2010, ApJ, 715, 2, 12391247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gosling, J. T., McComas, D. J., Phillips, J. L. & Bame, S. J. 1991, J. Geophys. Res., 96, A5, 7831CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gonzalez, W. D., Echer, E., Tsurutani, B. T., Clua de Gonzalez, A. L. & Dal Lago, A. 2011, SSR, 158, 69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Howard, R. A., et al. 1982, ApJ, 263, 2L, 101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kozai, M., Munakata, K., Kato, C., Kuwabara, T., Rockenbach, M., Lago, A. Dal, Schuch, N. J., Braga, C. R., Mendonça, R. R. S., Jassar, H. K. Al, Sharma, M. M., Duldig, M. L., Humble, J. E., Evenson, P., Sabbah, I. & Tokumaru, M. 2016, ApJ, 825, 100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kuwabara, T., et al. 2006, Space Weather, 4, 8, S08001Google Scholar
Kuwabara, T., et al. 2009, JGR, 114, A05109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McDonald, F. B. 2000, Space Science Reviews, 93, 263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Munakata, K., et al. 2000, JGR, 27457Google Scholar
Nagashima, K., et al. 1992, Planetary and Space Science, 40, 8, 1109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rockenbach, M., et al. 2011, GRL, 38, L16108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schwenn, R. 1996, Astrophys. Space Sci., 243, 1, 187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schwenn, R., Dal Lago, A., Huttunen, E. & Gonzalez, W. D. 2005, Ann. Geophys., 23, AG/2004180, 1033CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Simpson, J. A. 1954, Physical Review, 94, 2, 426CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Szajko, N. S., Cristiani, G., Mandrini, C. H. & Dal Lago, A. 2013, ASR, 51, 10, 1842Google Scholar

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 54 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 24th July 2018 - 18th January 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Access
Hostname: page-component-77fc7d77f9-fgqm6 Total loading time: 0.341 Render date: 2021-01-18T15:32:29.024Z Query parameters: { "hasAccess": "1", "openAccess": "0", "isLogged": "0", "lang": "en" } Feature Flags last update: Mon Jan 18 2021 14:56:26 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time) Feature Flags: { "metrics": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "peerReview": true, "crossMark": true, "comments": true, "relatedCommentaries": true, "subject": true, "clr": true, "languageSwitch": true, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true }

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Effects of ICMEs on High Energetic Particles as Observed by the Global Muon Detector Network (GMDN)
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Effects of ICMEs on High Energetic Particles as Observed by the Global Muon Detector Network (GMDN)
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Effects of ICMEs on High Energetic Particles as Observed by the Global Muon Detector Network (GMDN)
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *