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Dwarf ellipticals in the eye of SAURON: dynamical & stellar population analysis in 3D

  • Agnieszka Ryś (a1) (a2), Jesús Falcón-Barroso (a1) (a2), Glenn van de Ven (a3) and Mina Koleva (a4)

Abstract

We present the dynamical and stellar population analysis of 12 dwarf elliptical galaxies (dEs) observed using the SAURON IFU (WHT, La Palma). We demonstrate that dEs have lower angular momenta than their presumed late-type progenitors and we show that dE circular velocity curves are steeper than the rotation curves of galaxies with equal and up to an order of magnitude higher luminosity. Transformation due to tidal harassment is able to explain all of the above, unless the dE progenitors were already compact and had lower angular momenta at higher redshifts. We then look at the star formation histories (SFHs) of our galaxies and find that for the majority of them star formation activity was either still strong at a few Gyr of age or they experienced a secondary burst of star formation roughly at that time. This latter possibility would be in agreement with the scenario where tidal harassment drives the remaining gas inwards and induces a secondary star formation episode. Finally, one of our galaxies appears to be composed exclusively of an old population (≳12 Gyr). Combining this with our earlier dynamical results, we conclude that it either was ram-pressure stripped early on in its evolution in a group environment and subsequently tidally heated (which lowered its angular momentum and increased compactness), or that it evolved in situ in the cluster's central parts, compact enough to avoid tidal disruption.

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References

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Keywords

Dwarf ellipticals in the eye of SAURON: dynamical & stellar population analysis in 3D

  • Agnieszka Ryś (a1) (a2), Jesús Falcón-Barroso (a1) (a2), Glenn van de Ven (a3) and Mina Koleva (a4)

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