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The effect of supplementing the neonatal diet with palm or soya oil on piglet growth performance

  • J. C. Litten (a1), J. Laws (a1), K. S. Perkins (a1), A. M. Corson (a1), I.J. Lean (a1) and L. Clarke (a1)...

Extract

Early nutrition of the neonatal pig has a major impact on its survival and subsequent development (Cieslak et al., 1983). The success of maternal nutrition trials has been limited in improving the survival and growth performance of piglets. Milk yield and composition has been altered (Jackson et al., 1995; Averette et al., 1999), which subsequently enhanced piglet health and growth performance but feeding supplemental fat had little or no effect on the birth weight of piglets. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of supplementing palm and/or soya oil directly to the piglet on its subsequent growth performance.

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Averette, L.A., Odle, J., Monaco, M.H. and Donovan, S.M., 1999. Dietary fat during pregnancy and lactation increases milk fat and Insulin-like growth factor 1 concentrations and improves neonatal growth rates in swine. The Journal of Nutrition. 129, 12.
Bellinger, L.L and Williams, F.E., 1993. Validation of a total-body electrical conductive (TOBEC) instrument that measures fat-free body mass. Physiology and Behaviour 53: 11891194.
Cieslak, D.G., Leibbrandt, V.D. and Benevenga, N.J., 1983. Effect of a high fat supplement in late gestation and lactation on piglet survival and performance. Journal of Animal Science. 57: 955959.
Jackson, J.R., Hurley, W.L., Easter, R.A., Jensen, A.H., and Odle, J., 1995. Effects of induced or delayed parturition and milk composition in sows. Journal of Animal Science. 73, 19061913.
Li, D.F., Nelssen, J.L., Reddy, P. G., Blecha, F., Hancock, J. D., Allee, G. L., Goodband, RD and Klemm, R. D. 1990. Transient hypersensitivity to soybean meal in the early-weaned pig. Journal of Animal Science. 68, 17901799
Pluske, J.R., Williams, I.H. and Aherne, F.X.: Nutrition of the neonatal pig. IN: Varley, MA (ed.) 1995. The neonatal pig - development and survival. CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon, England.

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