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The Regime Complex for Plant Genetic Resources: An Overview

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  28 February 2017

David G. Victor
Affiliation:
Program on Energy & Sustainable Development

Abstract

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Type
The Global Conflict Over Genetic Resources
Copyright
Copyright © American Society of International Law 2003

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References

1 See Kal Raustiala & David G. Victor, The Regime Complex for Plant Genetic Resources (2003), working paper # 14, available at <http://pesd.stanford.edu>.

2 International Convention for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants, Dec. 2, 1961, 34 UNTS 815, 45.

3 U.N.F.A.O. Res. 8/83, U.N.F.A.O., 22nd Session, Nov. 5-23,1983

4 U.N.F.A.O. Res. 3/2001, U.N.F.A.O., 31st Session, Nov. 2001.

5 Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, April 15, 1994, Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization, Annex 1C, Legal InstrumentsResults of the Uruguay Round, vol. 31, 33 ILM 81 (1994).

6 See Demsetz, Harold, Toward a Theory of Property Rights, 57 Am. Econ. Rev. 347 (1967)Google Scholar; Gary D. Libecap, Contracting for Property Rights (1989).

7 See Demsetz, supra note 2, at 354.

8 See Levmore, Saul, Two Stories about the Evolution of Property Rights, 31 J. Legal Stud. 421, 422n.2 (2002)Google Scholar.

9 Id.; see also Libecap, supra note 2, at 2.

10 See Pisano, Gary P., Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, in Technological Innovation and Economic Performance 347, 366 (Steil, Benn et al. eds., 2002)Google Scholar.

11 For example, human rights treaties typically create a new set of specialized institutions to review implementation and sometimes to hear cases; similarly, every major international environmental negotiation since the Montreal Protocol in 1987 has created new international institutions.

12 See Slaughter, Anne-Marie, The Real New World Order, 76 Foreign Aff. 183 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

13 See Goldstein, Judith L. et al., Introduction: Legalization and World Politics, 54 Int’l Org. 385 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

14 See Ingram, Helen, Policy Implementation Through Bargaining: The Case of Federal Grants-in-Aid, 25 Pub. Pol’y 499 (1977)Google Scholar; see also Bardach & A. Kagan, Going by the Book: The Problem of Regulatory Unreasonableness (1982); Stewart, Richard B., The Reformation of American Administrative Law, 88 Harv. L. Rev. 1669 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

15 See Keohane, Robert O. & Nye, Joseph S. Jr., The Club Model of Multilateral Cooperation and Problems of Democratic Legitimacy, in Efficiency, Equity and Legitimacy: the Multilateral Trading System at the Millennium 264 (Porter, Roger B. et al. eds., 2001)Google Scholar.

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