Skip to main content Accessibility help

What is the Optimal Age for Students to Receive Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Training?

  • Ding-xiu He (a1), Kai-sen Huang (a2), YI Yang (a1), Wei Jiang (a1), Nan-lan Yang (a1) and Hu Yang (a1)...



Training students has been proven to be the optimal way to deliver cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) skills. However, it is somehow unknown whether or not the current recommendations appropriate for Caucasian students are also suitable for East Asian students. The purpose of this study is to explore the best age for East Asian students to receive CPR training.


Students were recruited from six schools. Students participated in a standard CPR training program provided by tutors. Each student attended a 60-minute training session with a manikin. After being trained, within one hour, the student’s compression quality was assessed.


A total of 360 students who constituted 12 continuous grades were recruited for this study. Adequate compression depth and satisfactory compression rate with correct hand position could be achieved since the age of 12. However, successful compression rate and complete release could be achieved since the younger age of six.


Current recommendations for Caucasian students to cultivate a full-capacity CPR rescuer at the age of 12 are also appropriate for East Asian students. However, the optimal age for students to receive CPR training should be decided based on evidence and importance assessment of CPR.

He D, Huang K, Yang Y, Jiang W, Yang N, Yang H. What is the optimal age for students to receive cardiopulmonary resuscitation training? Prehosp Disaster Med. 2018;33(4):394–398.


Corresponding author

Correspondence: Kai-sen Huang, MD, PhD North Yinghua Mountain Road, 2# Deyang City, Sichuan Province The People’ Republic of China E-mail:


Hide All

Conflicts of interest: none



Hide All
1. Group CCRE. Chinese 2011 cardiopulmonary resuscitation expert consensus. Chinese Journal of Cardiovascular Review. 2011;12(9):881-887.
2. Bhanji, F, Donoghue, AJ, Wolff, MS, Flores, GE, Halamek, LP, Berman, JM. Part 14: Education: 2015 American Heart Association Guidelines Update for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care. Circulation. 2015;132(18 Suppl 2):S561-S573.
3. Jones, I, Whitfield, R, Colquhoun, M, Chamerlain, D, Vetter, N, Newcombe, R. At what age can schoolchildren provide effective chest compressions? An observational study from the Heartstart UK schools training programme. BMJ (Clinical research ed). 2007;334(7605):1201.
4. Mitani, Y, Ohta, K, Yodoya, N, Otsuki, S, Ohashi, H, Sawada, H. Public access defibrillation improved the outcome after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in school-age children: a nationwide, population-based, Utstein registry study in Japan. Europace. 2013;15(9):1259-1266.
5. Education. SNAF. Swedish curriculum for the compulsory school, preschool class and the recreation centre. Accessed October 10, 2016.
6. Greif, R, Lockey, AS, Conaghan, P, Lippert, A, DeVries, W, Monsieurs, KG. European Resuscitation Council Guidelines for Resuscitation 2015: Section 10. Education and implementation of resuscitation. Resuscitation. 2015;95:288-301.
7. Bottiger, BW, Van Aken, H. Kids save lives--Training school children in cardiopulmonary resuscitation worldwide is now endorsed by the World Health Organization (WHO). Resuscitation.. 2015;94:A5-A7.
8. Nolan, JP, Hazinski, MF, Aickin, R, Bhanji, F, Billi, JE, Callaway, CW. Part 1: Executive summary: 2015 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science with Treatment Recommendations. Resuscitation. 2015;95:e1-e31.
9. Neumar, RW, Shuster, M, Callaway, CW, Gent, LM, Atkins, DL, Bhanji, F. Part 1: Executive Summary: 2015 American Heart Association Guidelines Update for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care. Circulation. 2015;132(18 Suppl 2):S315-S367.
10. Berthelot, S, Plourde, M, Bertrand, I, Bourassa, A, Couture, MM, Berger-Pelletier, E. Push hard, push fast: quasi-experimental study on the capacity of elementary schoolchildren to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation, and Emergency Medicine. 2013;21:41.



Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed