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West Bank Barrier Decreases Access to Schools and Health Services

  • Dima Qato (a1), Shannon Doocy (a1), Deborah Tsuchida (a2), P. Gregg Greenough (a1) and Gilbert Burnham (a1)...

Abstract

Introduction:

In 2001, the Israeli government announced the construction of the West Bank barrier. The stated purpose of construction to prevent attacks by Palestinians on Israeli citizens. In a subsequent advisory opinion, the International Court of Justice decided the wall would block access to health care and education, and was “contrary to international law”.

Research Focus:

The Barrier, with its limited number of gates, has been criticized by humanitarian agencies for limiting access of Palestinians to employment, health care, and education, but was defended by the Israeli government as an important security measure.

Methods:

A survey of key informants was conducted in May 2004 at 78 health facilities and 121 schools in the northern West Bank districts of Jenin, Qalqilya, and Tulkarem, in order to assess the impact of the Barrier on access and use of health and educational services.

Results:

The Barrier negatively affected access to education and health care, in terms of statistically significant increases in distance and travel time to schools and health facilities. In several areas, service utilization, assessed by weekly visits to health facilities and student enrollment, was affected by barrier construction, although these findings were not statistically significant. A significant decrease in staff attendance was observed at health facilities and schools.

Conclusions:

The Barrier may have long-term effects on access and utilization of health and educational services among Palestinians in the northern West Bank.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Shannon Doocy Department of International HealthJohns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public HealthSuite E8132615 N.Wolfe StreetBaltimore, Maryland 21205USA E-mail: gburnham@jhsph.edu

References

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1. Israel News Agency. Israel's Security Fence: Available at http://www.israelnewsagency.com/israelsecurityfence.html Accessed 05 March 2006.
2. Ministry of Defense. Israel's Security Fence: Available at http://www.securityfence.mod.gov.il/Pages/ENG/purpose.htm. Accessed 05 March 2006.
3. Palestinian Academic Society for the Study of International Affairs: Available at http://www.passia.org. Accessed 14 December 2004.
4. International Court of Justice: Legal consequences of the construction of a wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. Available at www.icjcij.org/icjwww/ipresscom/ipress2004/ipresscom2004-28_mwp_20040709.htm. Accessed 01 October 2004.
5. Palestinian Environmental non-governmental organization Network (PENGON): The Wall in Palestine: Facts, Testimonies, and Call to Action. August 2003.
6. United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestinian Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA): Annual Report of the Department of Health. UNRWA, 2003.
7. UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs: The Impact of Israel's Separation Barrier on West Bank Communities. 30 November 2003.
8. Palestinian Red Crescent Society: Palestinian Red Crescent Society. Available at http://www.palestinercs.org/Downloads/Reports/HUMAN.pdf. Accessed 17 February 2005.
9. The World Bank Group: West Bank and Gaza. Available at http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/COUNTRIES/0,pagePK:180619~theSitePK:136917,00.html. Accessed 06 March 2006.
10. Food and Agricultural Organization. Report of the Food Security Assessment, West Bank and Gaza. Available at http://www.fao.org/documents/show_cdr.asp?url_file=/DOCREP/006/J1575E/J1575E00.HTM. Accessed 06 March 2006.
11. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs and UN Relief and Works Agency: The Humanitarian Impact of the West Bank Barrier on Palestinian Communities. 01 September 2004.
12. UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs: The Humanitarian Impact of the West Bank Barrier on Palestinian Communities: East Jerusalem. June 2007.

Keywords

West Bank Barrier Decreases Access to Schools and Health Services

  • Dima Qato (a1), Shannon Doocy (a1), Deborah Tsuchida (a2), P. Gregg Greenough (a1) and Gilbert Burnham (a1)...

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