Skip to main content Accessibility help

Swedish Civilian Planning for Anesthesia in Peace Time, Crises and War

  • Karl-Axel Norberg (a1), Eskil Dalenius (a1) and Borje Hallen (a1)


In recent years, medical care in Sweden as in other small countries, has become increasingly dependent upon the availability of imported goods. The consequences of even limited import restrictions of drugs and supplies has necessitated special planning for such a contingency. Special difficulties in this respect would arise in the field of anesthesia and intensive care, as all drugs for general anesthesia, and almost all disposable items used in anesthesia and intensive care in Sweden, are imported. To solve this problem, it would be necessary to ration drugs and materials, increase domestic production, introduce resterilization of disposable equipment and again use nondisposable supplies. In addition, stores of drugs and supplies are being built up to be used as a reserve in case of blockade or war. The nursing standards would have to be changed, by delegation to other personnel so that nurses take a larger responsibility, and by using methods which are unusual or even unknown to the staff in service today, i.e. ether anesthesia.



Hide All
Arenander, E.Experiences of War Surgery in Cambodia. Läkartidningen 1976; 73:4439–42.
Austin, T R, Tamlyn, RSP. Ketamine: A revolutionary anesthetic agent for the battle casualty. J.R. Army med Cps 1972; 118:1523.
Crighton, HC, Giesecke, AH. One year's experience in the anaesthetic management of trauma. Anaesth Analg (Cleve) 1966; 45:835–42.
Dalenius, E., Hallén, B., Norberg, K-A.The Oxford Miniature Vaporizer—a clinical test. Opuscula medica 1982; 27:1517.
Dhunér, KG.Medical Care in a Red Cross hospital in Lebanon. Läkartidningen 1976; 73:4528–30.
Halford, FJ. A critique of intravenous anaesthesia in war surgery. Anaesthesiology 1943; 4:67–9.
Norberg, K-A.Surgery in a Red Cross mission in Angola. Läkartidningen 1976; 73:3328–30.
Norberg, K-A, Brismar, B. Medical care at civilian emergency hospitals in conventional war. Essential features of the planning of the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare. In: Frey, R, Safar, P. eds. Disaster medicine, Vol 4. Berlin (West): Springer Verlag (in press).
Phillips, LA, Servuta, SG, Rika, PN, Tirikula, U.Anaesthesia for the surgeon-anaesthetist in difficult situations. Anaesthesia 1970; 25:3645.

Swedish Civilian Planning for Anesthesia in Peace Time, Crises and War

  • Karl-Axel Norberg (a1), Eskil Dalenius (a1) and Borje Hallen (a1)


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed