1.Sauaia, A, Moore, FA, Moore, EE, et al: Epidemiology of trauma deaths: A reassessment. J Trauma 1995;38:185–193.
2.Baker, CC, Oppenheimer, L, Stephens, B, et al: Epidemiology of trauma deaths. Am J Surg 1980;140:144–150.
3.Trunkey, DD, Blaisdell, FW: Epidemiology of trauma. Sci Am 1988;4:1.
4.Bellamy, RF: Textbook of Military Medicine. Part 4. Falls Church, Virginia: Office of the Surgeon General, 1995.
5.Gofrit, ON, Leibovici, D, Shapira, SC, et al: The trimodal death distribution of trauma victims: Military experience from the Lebanon War. 1997; 162: 24–26.
6.Bellamy, RF: The causes of death in conventional land warfare: implications for combat casualty care research. Mil Med 1984;149:55–62.
7.Sohn, VY, Eckert, M, Martin, MJ, et al: Efficacy of three topical haemostatic agents applied by medics in lethal groin injury model. J Surg Res 2009;154:258–261.
8.Kheirabadi, BS, Edens, JW, Terrazas, IB, et al: Comparison of new haemostatic granules/powders with currently deployed haemostatic products in a lethal model of extremity arterial hemorrhage in swine. J Trauma 2009;66:316–326.
9.Clay, JG, Zieroid, D, Grayson, K, et al: Dextran polymer haemostatic dressing improves survival in liver injury model. J Surg Res 2009;155:89–93.
10.Engelhart, MS, Cho, SD, Tieu, BH, et al: A novel highly porous silica and chitosan-based haemostatic dressing is superior to HemCon and gauze sponges. J Trauma 2008;65:884–890.
11.Arnuad, F, Tomori, T, Carr, W, et al: Exothermic reaction in zeolite haemostatic dressing: QuikClot ACS and ACS+. Ann Biomed Eng 2008;36:1708–1713.
12.Carraway, JW, Kent, D, Young, K, et al: Comparison of a new mineral based haemostatic agent to a commercially available granular zeolite agent for Heamostatis in a swine model of lethal extremity arterial hemorrhage. Resuscitation 2008;78:230–235.
13.Xie, H, Khajanchee, YS, Shaffer, BS: Chitosan haemostatic dressing for renal parenchymal wound sealing in a porcine model: Implications for laparoscopic partial nephrectomy technique. JSLS 2008;12:18–24.
14.Kozen, BG, Kircher, SJ, Henao, J, et al: An alternative haemostatic dressing: comparison of CELOX, HemCon, and QuikClot. Acad Emerg Med 2008;15:74–81.
15.Ward, KR, Tiba, MH, Holbert, WH, et al: Comparison of a new haemostatic agent to current combat haemostatic agents in a swine model of lethal extremity arterial hemorrhage. J Trauma 2007; 63:276–283.
16.Gustafson, SB, Fulkerson, P, Bildfell, R, et al: Chitosan dressing provides hemostasis in swine femoral arterial injury model. Prehosp Emerg Care 2007;11:172–178.
17.Kheirabadi, BS, Acheson, EM, Deguzman, R, et al: The potential utility of fibrin sealant dressing in repair of vascular injury in swine. J Trauma 2007;62:94–103.
18.Arnaud, F, Tomori, T, Saito, R, et al: Comparative efficacy granular and bagged formulations of the haemostatic agent QuikClot. J Trauma 2007;63:775–782.
19.Ahuja, N, Ostomel, TA, Rhee, P, et al: Testing of modified zeolite haemostatic dressings in a large animal model of lethal groin injury. J Trauma 2006;61:1312–1320.
20.Acheson, EM, Kheirabadi, BS, Deguzman, R, et al: Comparison of hemorrhage control agents applied to lethal extremity arterial hemorrhage in swine. J Trauma 2005;59:865–874.
21.Pusateri, AE, Delgado, AV, Dick, EJ, et al: Application of a granular mineral-based haemostatic agent (QuikClot) to reduce blood loss after grade V liver injury in swine. J Trauma 2004;57:555–562.
22.Alam, HB, Chen, Z, Jaskille, A, et al: Application of zeolite haemostatic agent achieves 100% survival in a lethal model of complex groin injury in Swine. J Trauma 2004;56:974–983.
23.Pusateri, AE, Modrow, HE, Harris, RA, et al: Advanced haemostatic dressing development program: Animal model selection criteria and results of a study of nine haemostatic dressings in a model of severe large venous hemorrhage and hepatic injury in Swine. J Trauma 2003;55:518–523.
24.Alam, HB, Uy, GB, Miller, D, et al: Comparative analysis of haemostatic agents in a swine model of lethal groin injury. J Trauma 2003; 54:1077–1082.
25.Rhee, P, Brown, C, Martin, M, et al: QuikClot use in trauma for hemorrhage control: case diaries of 103 documented uses. J Trauma 2008;64:1093–1099.
26.Brown, MA, Daya, MR, Worley, JA: Experience with chitosan dressings in a civilian EMS system. J Emerg Med 2007; Epub ahead of print.
27.Wedmore, I, McManus, JG, Pusateri, AE, et al: A special report on the chitosan-based haemostatic dressing: experience in current combat operations. J Trauma 2006;60:655–658.
28.Haas, S: The use of a surgical patch coated with human coagulation factors in surgical routine: A multicenter post authorization surveillance. Clin Appl Thromb Hemost 2006;12:445–450.
29.Gal, O, Weiss, A, Dudckiewicz, M, et al: Injury characteristics among IDF soldiers during the Second Lebanon War. JIMM 2007;1:3–6.
30.Ran, Y, Hadad, E, Daher, S, et al: Injury characteristics among IDF soldiers during operation Cast Lead. JIMM 2009;6:157–161.
31.Kheirabadi, BS, Mace, JE, Terrazas, IB, et al: Safety evaluation of new hemostatic agents, smectite granules, and kaolin-coated gauze in a vascular injury wound model in swine. J Trauma 2010;68:269–278.