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Evaluation of a Brief Training on Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Emergencies: A Pre- and Post-Assessment in Nepal

  • Mark J.D. Jordans (a1) (a2), Nagendra P. Luitel (a2), Bhava Poudyal (a2), Wietse A. Tol (a1) (a2) and Ivan H. Komproe (a1) (a3)...

Abstract

Introduction

A principal strategy for the integration of mental health and psychosocial support in emergency settings is the training of front-line workers in international consensus-based guidelines.

Aim

This paper presents a pilot study evaluating changes in knowledge and understanding as a result of a brief training course in Nepal.

Method

Evaluation questionnaires were distributed to participants in two-day courses (n = 109) before, directly after, and at two months following completion.

Results

The course resulted in a post-training increase in correct answers of 21%, which further increased to 25% at two months.

Conclusion

A short training course based on widely endorsed guidelines to front-line staff can significantly increase mental health literacy for complex emergencies. While promising, the trend of knowledge gain is modest at most, and suggests a need for more intensive or more targeted training courses.

Jordans MJD, Luitel NP, Poudyal B, Tol WA, Komproe IH. Evaluation of a brief training on mental health and psychosocial support in emergencies: a pre- and post-assessment in Nepal. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2012;27(3):1-4.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Correspondence: Mark J.D. Jordans, PhD HealthNet TPO Tolstraat 127 1024 VJ Amsterdam The Netherlands E-mail mark.jordans@hntpo.org

References

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1. Inter-Agency Standing Committee. IASC Guidelines on Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Emergency Settings. Geneva, Switzerland: IASC; 2007.
2. Wessells, M, van Ommeren, M. Developing inter-agency guidelines on mental health and psychosocial support in emergency settings. Intervention. 2008;6(3/4):199-218.
3. Van Ommeren, M, Wessells, M. Inter-agency agreement on mental health and psychosocial support in emergencies. Bull World Health Organ. 2007;85(11):822-823.
4. Melville, A, Rakotomalala, S. After the guidelines: the challenge of implementation. Intervention. 2008;6(3/4):338-347.
5. Mollica, RF, Cardozo, BL, Osofsky, HJ, et al. . Mental health in complex emergencies. Lancet. 2004;365(9462):842-843.
6. Cardozo, BL. Guidelines need a more evidence based approach: a commentary on the IASC Guidelines on Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Emergency Settings. Intervention. 2008;6(3/4):252-264.
7. Kitchener, BA, Jorm, AF. Mental health first aid training for the public: evaluation of effects on knowledge, attitudes and helping behavior. BMC Psychiatry. 2002;2:8-10.
8. Kitchener, BA, Jorm, AF. Mental health first aid training: review of evaluation studies. Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2006;40:6-8.
9. Acharya, L, Upadhaya, KD, Kortmann, F. Mental health and psychosocial support aspects in disaster preparedness: Nepal. Int Rev Psychiatry. 2006;18(6):587-592.
10. Jordans, MJD, Upadhaya, N, Tol, WA, et al. . Introducing the IASC Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Emergencies Guidelines in Nepal: a process description. Intervention. 2010;8(1):52-63.
11. Regmi, SK, Pokharel, A, Ojha, SP, Pradhan, SN, Chapagain, G. Nepal mental health profile. Int Rev Psychiatry. 2004;16:142-149.

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Evaluation of a Brief Training on Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Emergencies: A Pre- and Post-Assessment in Nepal

  • Mark J.D. Jordans (a1) (a2), Nagendra P. Luitel (a2), Bhava Poudyal (a2), Wietse A. Tol (a1) (a2) and Ivan H. Komproe (a1) (a3)...

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