Skip to main content Accessibility help

Synthesis and characterization of zinc sulfide hollow microspheres

  • Wang Jun (a1), Song Bo (a2), Wang Wen-jun (a2), Wu Rong (a1), Sun Yan-fei (a1), Zheng Yu-feng (a1) and Jian Ji-kang (a1)...


The successful synthesis of ZnS hollow microspheres by a solvothermal route is reported. The synthesis was achieved by a proper selection of a sulfur source, i.e., Na2S2O3⋅5H2O or (NH2)2CS, to react with Zn(CH3COO)2⋅2H2O in mixed solvents of ethylene glycol and deionized water. The ZnS products were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and photoluminescence spectroscopy. XRD identified the ZnS products to have either zinc blende or wurtzite structure. SEM images revealed hollow ZnS microspheres with 1 to 2 μm diameters and 100 to 200 nm shell thicknesses. TEM images confirmed that the hollow ZnS microspheres were assembled by ZnS crystalline nanocrystallites. The room-temperature photoluminescence spectrum of the zinc blende hollow microspheres showed a strong green emission at 514 nm and weak emission at 379 nm.


Corresponding author

a)Author to whom correspondence should be addressed. Department of Physics, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830046, Xinjiang, P.R. China. Electronic mail:


Hide All
Bredol, M. and Merikhi, J. (1998). “ZnS precipitation: Morphology control,” J. Mater. Sci.JMTSAS10.1023/A:1004396519134 33, 471476.
Calandra, P., Goffredi, M., and Turco Liveri, V. (1999). “Study of the growth of ZnS nanoparticles in water/AOT/n-heptane microemulsions by UV-absorption spectroscopy,” Colloids Surf., ACPEAEH10.1016/S0927-7757(99)00256-3 160, 913.
Chai, L., Du, J., Xiong, S., Li, H., Zhu, Y., and Qian, Y. (2007). “Synthesis of wurtzite ZnS nanowire bundles using a solvothermal technique,” J. Phys. Chem. CJPCCCK 111, 1265812662.
Gao, X., Zhang, J., and Zhang, L. (2002). “Hollow sphere selenium nanoparticles: Their in-vitro anti hydroxyl radical effect,” Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.)ADVMEW10.1002/1521-4095(20020219)14:4<290::AID-ADMA290>3.0.CO;2-U 14, 290293.
Hu, J. -S., Ren, L. -L., Guo, Y. -G., Liang, H. -P., Cao, A. -M., Wan, L. -J., and Bai, C. -L. (2005). “Mass production and high photocatalytic activity of ZnS nanoporous nanoparticles,” Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl.ACIEAY 44, 12691273.
ICDD (2002). “Powder Diffraction File,” International Centre for Diffraction Data, edited by McClune W. F., Newton Square, PA 19073–3272.
Jiang, C., Zhang, W., Zou, G., Yu, W., and Qian, Y. (2007). “Hydrothermal synthesis and characterization of ZnS microspheres and hollow nanospheres,” Mater. Chem. Phys.MCHPDR 103, 2427.
Kumbhojkar, N., Nikesh, V. V., Kshirsagar, A., and Mahamuni, S. (2000). “Photophysical properties of ZnS nanoclusters,” J. Appl. Phys.JAPIAU10.1063/1.1321027 88, 62606264.
Li, J., Stevens, R., Delzeit, L., Ng, H. T., Cassell, A., Han, J., and Meyyappan, M. (2002). “Electronic properties of multiwalled carbon nanotubes in an embedded vertical array,” Appl. Phys. Lett.APPLAB10.1063/1.1496494 81, 910912.
Li, Y., Li, X., Yang, C., and Li, Y. (2004). “Ligand-controlling synthesis and ordered assembly of ZnS nanorods and nanodots,” J. Phys. Chem. BJPCBFK10.1021/jp0489018 108, 1600216011.
Li, Z., Liu, B., Li, X., Yu, S., Wang, L., Hou, Y., Zou, Y., Yao, M., Li, Q., Zou, B., Cui, T., Zou, G., Wang, G., and Liu, Y. (2007). “Synthesis of ZnS nanocrystals with controllable structure and morphology and their photoluminescence property,” Nanotechnology 18, 255602.
Liu, J. Z., Yan, P. X., Yue, G. H., Kong, L. B., Zhuo, R. F., and Qu, D. M. (2006). “Synthesis of doped ZnS one-dimensional nanostructures via chemical vapor deposition,” Mater. Lett. 60, 34713476.
Liu, X., Cui, J., Zhang, L., Yu, W., Guo, F., and Qian, Y. (2006). “A solvothermal route to semiconductor ZnS micrometer hollow spheres with strong photoluminescence properties,” Mater. Lett. 60, 24652469.
Luo, Y., Duan, G., Ye, M., Zhang, Y., and Li, G. (2008). “Poly (ethylene glycol)-mediated synthesis of hollow ZnS microspheres,” J. Phys. Chem. CJPCCCK 112, 23492352.
Ma, Y., Qi, L., Ma, J., and Cheng, H. (2003). “Facile synthesis of hollow ZnS nanospheres in block copolymer solutions,” LangmuirLANGD5 19, 40404042.
Millet, P., Henry, J. Y., Mila, F., and Galy, J. (1999). “Vanadium (IV)–oxide nanotubes: Crystal structure of the low-dimensional quantum magnet Na2V3O7,” J. Solid State Chem.JSSCBI10.1006/jssc.1999.8473 147, 676678.
Panda, S. K. and Chaudhuri, S. (2007). “Chelating ligand-mediated synthesis of hollow ZnS microspheres and its optical properties,” J. Colloid Interface Sci.JCISA5 313, 338344.
Peng, Q., Dong, Y., and Li, Y. (2003). “ZnSe semiconductor hollow microspheres,” Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl.ACIEAY 42, 30273030.
Qian, Y., Su, Y., Xie, Y., Chen, Q., Chen, Z., and Yang, L. (1995). “Hydrothermal preparation and characterization of nanocrystalline powder of sphalerite,” Mater. Res. Bull.MRBUAC 30, 601605.
Sougata, P., Biplab, G., and Pranab, S. (2008). “Size-dependent properties of hollow ZnS nanoclusters,” J. Phys. Chem. CJPCCCK 112, 63076312.
Tong, H., Zhu, Y. -J., Yang, L. -X., Li, L., Zhang, L., Chang, J., An, L. -Q., and Wang, S. -W. (2007). “Self-assembled ZnS nanostructured spheres: controllable crystal phase and morphology,” J. Phys. Chem. CJPCCCK 111, 38933900.
Wang, Q., Xu, Z., Yin, H., and Nie, Q. (2005). “Fabrication of transition metal sulfides nanocrystallites via an ethylenediamine-assisted route,” Mater. Chem. Phys.MCHPDR 90, 7377.
Wang, S. -M., Wang, Q. -S., and Wan, Q. -L. (2008). “Template-directed synthesis of MS (M=Cd,Zn) hollow microsphere via hydrothermal method,” J. Cryst. GrowthJCRGAE 310, 24392443.
Yamamoto, T., Kishimoto, S., and Iida, S. (2001). “Control of valence states for ZnS by triple-codoping method,” Physica B 308–310, 916919.
Yao, W. T., Yu, S. H., Pan, L., Li, J., Wu, Q. S., Zhang, L., and Jiang, J. (2005). “Flexible wurtzite-type ZnS nanobelts with quantum-size effects: A diethylenetriamine-assisted solvothermal approach,” SmallSMALBC10.1002/smll.200400079 1, 320325.
Yao, W. -T., Yu, S. -H., and Wu, Q. -S. (2007). “From mesostructured wurtzite ZnS-nanowire/amine nanocomposites to ZnS nanowires exhibiting quantum size effects: A mild-solution chemistry approach,” Adv. Funct. Mater.AFMDC610.1002/adfm.200600239 17, 623631.
Yu, S. H. and Yoshimura, M. (2002). “Shape and phase control of ZnS nanocrystals: template fabrication of wurtzite ZnS single-crystal nanosheets and ZnO flake-like dendrites from a lamellar molecular precursor ZnS (NH2CH2CH2NH2)0.5,” Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.)ADVMEW10.1002/1521-4095(20020219)14:4<296::AID-ADMA296>3.0.CO;2-6 14, 296300.
Zhang, H., Zhang, S., Pan, S., Li, G., and Hou, J. (2004). “A simple solution route to ZnS nanotubes and hollow nanospheres and their optical properties,” NanotechnologyNNOTER10.1088/0957-4484/15/8/012 15, 945948.
Zhao, Q., Xie, Y., Zhang, Z., and Bai, X. (2007). “Size-selective synthesis of zinc sulfide hierarchical structures and their photocatalytic activity,” Cryst. Growth Des.CGDEFU 7, 153158.
Zhou, G. -T., Wang, X., and Yu, J. C. (2005). “A low-temperature and mild solvothermal route to the synthesis of wurtzite-type ZnS with single-crystalline nanoplate-like morphology,” Cryst. Growth Des.CGDEFU10.1021/cg050007y 5, 17611765.
Zhou, H., Fan, T., Zhang, D., Guo, Q., and Ogawa, H. (2007). “Novel bacteria-templated sonochemical route for the in situ one-step synthesis of ZnS hollow nanostructures,” Chem. Mater.CMATEX 19, 21442146.



Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed