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Crystal structure of bisoprolol fumarate Form I, (C18H32NO4) (C4H2O4)0.5

  • James A. Kaduk (a1) (a2), Amy M. Gindhart (a3) and Thomas N. Blanton (a3)


The crystal structure of bisoprolol fumarate Form I has been solved and refined using synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction data and optimized using density functional techniques. Bisoprolol fumarate Form I crystallizes in space group P-1 (#2) with a = 8.165 70(5) Å, b = 8.516 39(12) Å, c = 16.751 79(18) Å, α = 89.142(1)°, β = 78.155(1)°, γ = 81.763(1)°, V = 1128.265(10) Å3, and Z = 2. The neutral side chain of the bisoprolol cation is probably disordered. The cation and anion are linked by N–H⋯O and O–H⋯O hydrogen bonds. The cations are also linked by N–H⋯O hydrogen bonds. The result is alternating layers of hydrophilic and hydrophobic layers parallel to the ab-plane. The density of the structure is relatively low at 1.130 g cm−3, but there are no obvious voids in the structure. The powder pattern is included in the Powder Diffraction File™ as entry 00-066-1625.


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